Potential in New Trainee
SNOKE: Hmm. The mighty Kylo Ren. When I found you... I saw what all masters live to see. Raw, untamed power. And beyond that, something truly special.
יומא חד הוה קא סחי ר' יוחנן בירדנא חזייה ריש לקיש ושוור לירדנא אבתריה
אמר ליה חילך לאורייתא
אמר ליה שופרך לנשי
א"ל אי הדרת בך יהיבנא לך אחותי דשפירא מינאי
קביל עליה בעי למיהדר לאתויי מאניה ולא מצי הדר
אקרייה ואתנייה ושוייה גברא רבא
One day, Rabbi Yoḥanan was bathing in the Jordan River. Reish Lakish saw him and jumped into the Jordan, pursuing him. He said to Reish Lakish: "Your strength is fit for Torah study."
Reish Lakish said to him: "Your beauty is fit for women."
Rabbi Yoḥanan said to him: "If you return to the pursuit of Torah, I will give you my sister in marriage, who is more beautiful than I am."
Reish Lakish accepted upon himself to study Torah. Subsequently, Reish Lakish wanted to jump back out of the river to bring back his clothes, but he was unable to return.
Rabbi Yoḥanan taught Reish Lakish Bible, and taught him Mishna, and turned him into a great man.
SNOKE: Skywalker lives. The seed of the Jedi Order lives. As long as it does, hope lives in the galaxy. I thought you would be the one to snuff it out. Alas, you're no Vader. You're just a child in a mask.
תַנְיָא, רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר מִשּׁוּם חִילְפָא בַּר אַגְרָא שֶׁאָמַר מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן בֶּן נוּרִי: הַמְקָרֵע בְּגָדָיו בַּחֲמָתוֹ, וְהַמְשַׁבֵּר כֵּלָיו בַּחֲמָתוֹ, וְהַמְפַזֵּר מְעוֹתָיו בַּחֲמָתוֹ, יְהֵא בְּעֵינֶיךָ כְּעוֹבֵד עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה. שֶׁכָּךְ אוּמָּנוּתוֹ שֶׁל יֵצֶר הָרָע: הַיּוֹם אוֹמֵר לוֹ עֲשֵׂה כָּךְ, וּלְמָחָר אוֹמֵר לוֹ עֲשֵׂה כָּךְ, עַד שֶׁאוֹמֵר לוֹ עֲבוֹד עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה וְהוֹלֵךְ וְעוֹבֵד.
It was taught: Rabbi Shimon ben Elazar says from the name of Ḥilfa bar Agra, who said from the name of Rabbi Yoḥanan ben Nuri: "One who rends his garments in his anger, or who breaks his vessels in his anger, or who scatters his money in his anger, should be like an idol worshipper in your eyes, as that is the craft of the evil inclination. Today it tells him do this, and tomorrow it tells him do that, until eventually, when he no longer controls himself, it tells him worship idols and he goes and worships idols."
REY: There is no light left in Kylo Ren. He's only getting stronger. The First Order will control all the major systems within weeks. We need your help. We need the Jedi Order back. We need Luke Skywalker.
LUKE: You don't need Luke Skywalker.
REY: Did you hear a word I just said?
LUKE: You think what? I'm gonna walk out with a laser sword and face down the whole First Order? What did you think was going to happen here? You think that I came to the most unfindable place in the galaxy for no reason at all? Go away.
(ב) פָּרָה שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין חֲמוֹר, וַחֲמוֹר שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין סוּס, פָּטוּר מִן הַבְּכוֹרָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר פֶּטֶר חֲמוֹר פֶּטֶר חֲמוֹר, שְׁנֵי פְעָמִים, עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא הַיּוֹלֵד חֲמוֹר וְהַנּוֹלָד חֲמוֹר. וּמָה הֵם בַּאֲכִילָה. בְּהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה, מֻתָּר בַּאֲכִילָה. וּטְמֵאָה שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין בְּהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה, אָסוּר בַּאֲכִילָה, שֶׁהַיּוֹצֵא מֵהַטָּמֵא, טָמֵא. וְהַיּוֹצֵא מִן הַטָּהוֹר, טָהוֹר. דָּג טָמֵא שֶׁבָּלַע דָּג טָהוֹר, מֻתָּר בַּאֲכִילָה. וְטָהוֹר שֶׁבָּלַע דָּג טָמֵא, אָסוּר בַּאֲכִילָה, לְפִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ גִדּוּלָיו:
(2) If a cow gave birth to a species of donkey, or a donkey gave birth to a species of horse, it is exempt from [the law of] the firstling, for it is said, “the firstling of a donkey,” “the firstling of a donkey,” twice [to teach that the law of the firstling does not apply] until that which gives birth is a donkey and that which is born is a donkey. And what is the law with regard to eating them? If a clean animal gave birth to a species of unclean animal, it is permitted to be eaten. But if an unclean animal gave birth to a species of a clean animal, it is forbidden to be eaten, for that which comes out of the unclean is unclean and that which comes out of the clean is clean. If an unclean fish swallowed a clean fish, it is permitted to be eaten. But if a clean fish has swallowed an unclean fish, the latter is forbidden to be eaten, because it is not [the clean fish's] growth.
LUKE: Who are you?
REY: I know this place.
LUKE: Built a thousand generations ago... to keep these. The original Jedi texts. Just like me, they're the last of the Jedi religion. You've seen this place. You've seen this island.
REY: Only in dreams.
Not interested in teaching
REY: Something inside me has always been there Then now it's awake. And I'm afraid. I do not know what it is... or what to do with it. And I need help.
LUKE: You need a teacher. I can't teach you.
REY: Why not? I've seen your daily routine. You're not busy.
LUKE: I will never train another generation of Jedi. I came to this island to die. It's time for the Jedi to end.
LUKE: Tomorrow at dawn. Three lessons. I will teach you the ways of the Jedi... and why they need to end.
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן פְּרַחְיָה אוֹמֵר, עֲשֵׂה לְךָ רַב, וּקְנֵה לְךָ חָבֵר, וֶהֱוֵי דָן אֶת כָּל הָאָדָם לְכַף זְכוּת:
Joshua ben Perahiah used to say: "Make a teacher for you, acquire a friend for yourself, and judge everyone with the scale weighted on the favorable side."
LUKE: What do you know about the Force?
REY: It's a power that Jedi have that lets them control people and make things float.
LUKE: Impressive. Every word in that sentence was wrong. Lesson one, sit here, legs crossed. The Force is not a power you have. It's not about lifting rocks. It's the energy between all things, a tension, a balance, that binds the universe together.
LUKE: Breathe. Just breathe. Reach out with your feelings. What do you see?
REY: The island. Life. Death and decay, that feeds new life. Warmth. Cold. Peace. Violence.
LUKE: And between it all?
REY: Balance. And energy. A Force.
LUKE: And inside you?
REY: Inside me the same Force.
LUKE: And this is the lesson. That Force does not belong to the Jedi. To say that, 'If the Jedi die, the light dies', is vanity.
וְאֵלּוּ הֵן הַפְּסוּלִין, הַמְשַׂחֵק בְּקֻבְיָא, וְהַמַּלְוֶה בְרִבִּית, וּמַפְרִיחֵי יוֹנִים, וְסוֹחֲרֵי שְׁבִיעִית.
And these are they which are not qualified [to be witnesses or judges]: A dice player, a usurer, pigeon racers, or traffickers in Seventh Year produce.
משחק בקוביא מאי קא עביד
אמר רמי בר חמא משום דהוה אסמכתא ואסמכתא לא קניא
one who plays with dice for money, what is he doing that disqualifies him from bearing witness?
Rami bar Ḥama says: He is disqualified because gambling is a transaction with inconclusive consent [asmakhta], as one who gambles does not have conclusive consent to pay when he loses since he plays under the assumption that he will win. And as an asmakhta does not effect acquisition, the one who wins takes money that is not legally his, and is considered a robber.
Rav Sheshet says: "Any case like this is not an asmakhta. In a game of dice both sides realize that they might lose, and consent at the outset to pay if that happens. Rather, those who play dice are disqualified because they are not involved in settling the world, i.e., in productive occupations that demand hard work. Since they do not realize the effort required of most people to earn a living they might not be scrupulous about other people’s money, and their testimony cannot be relied upon."
LUKE: Lesson Two. Now that they're extinct, the Jedi are romanticized, defied. But if you strip away the myth and look at their deeds, the legacy of the Jedi is failure. Hypocrisy, hubris.
Killing Someone On Account of What They Will Become
And Rabbi Yitzḥak said: "A man is judged only according to his deeds at the time, as it is stated, 'For God has heard the voice of the lad where he is' (Genesis 21:17)."
KYLO REN: Let the past die. Kill it if you have to. That's the only way to become what you were meant to be.
LUKE: So it is time for the Jedi Order to end.
YODA: Time it is. For you to look at a pile of old books, hmmm?
LUKE: The sacred Jedi texts!
YODA: Oh. Read them, have you?
LUKE: Well, I...
YODA: Page-turners they were not. Yes, yes, yes. Wisdom they held, but that library contained nothing that the girl Rey does not already possess. Skywalker, still looking to the horizon. Never here, now, hmmm?
אמר רבא כמה טפשאי שאר אינשי דקיימי מקמי ספר תורה ולא קיימי מקמי גברא רבה דאילו בס"ת כתיב ארבעים ואתו רבנן בצרו חדא:
Rava said: "How foolish are the rest of the people who stand before a Torah scroll, and yet they do not stand before a great man; as in a Torah scroll, forty is written and the Sages came and subtracted one."
שְׁמוּאֵל צַלַּחוּ לֵיהּ תַּכְתָּקָא דְשָׁאגָא, רַב יְהוּדָה צַלַּחוּ לֵיהּ פָּתוּרָא דְיוֹנָה, לְרַבָּה צַלַּחוּ לֵיהּ שַׁרְשִׁיפָא.
וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ אַבָּיֵי לְרַבָּה: וְהָא קָעָבַר מָר מִשּׁוּם ״בַּל תַּשְׁחִית״!
אֲמַר לֵיהּ: ״בַּל תַּשְׁחִית״ דְּגוּפַאי עֲדִיף לִי.
Shmuel underwent bloodletting, they broke for him a wooden armchair made of teak [shaga] to build a fire.
For Rav Yehudah, they broke a wooden table made of ebony [yavna], and for Rabba they broke a bench.
And Abaye said to Rabba: "Didn’t the Master violate the prohibition, 'Do not destroy' (Deuteronomy 20:19)?"
He said to him: "Do not destroy of my body is preferable to me."
Stealing from the bad...and the good
DJ: He says I stole it.
FINN: Yeah, I got that.
DJ: We stole it.
FINN: At least you're stealing from the bad guys and helping the good.
DJ: Good guys, bad guys, made-up words. Let's see who formally owned this gorgeous hunk-uh. Ah, this guy was an arms dealer. Made his bank selling weapons to the bad guys. Oh.... and the good.
Dark and light
SNOKE: Come closer, child. So much strength. Darkness rises, and light to meet it. I warned my young apprentice that as he grew stronger, his equal in the light would rise.
אביי...אזל תלא נפשיה בעיבורא דדשא ומצטער אתא ההוא סבא תנא ליה כל הגדול מחבירו יצרו גדול הימנו
Abaye...went and leaned against the doorpost, and feeling regret.
A certain Elder came and taught him: "Anyone who is greater than another, his evil inclination is greater than his."
Moving Inanimate Objects Telekinetically
תנא באותו היום השיב רבי אליעזר כל תשובות שבעולם ולא קיבלו הימנו אמר להם אם הלכה כמותי חרוב זה יוכיח נעקר חרוב ממקומו מאה אמה ואמרי לה ארבע מאות אמה אמרו לו אין מביאין ראיה מן החרוב חזר ואמר להם אם הלכה כמותי אמת המים יוכיחו חזרו אמת המים לאחוריהם אמרו לו אין מביאין ראיה מאמת המים חזר ואמר להם אם הלכה כמותי כותלי בית המדרש יוכיחו הטו כותלי בית המדרש ליפול גער בהם רבי יהושע אמר להם אם תלמידי חכמים מנצחים זה את זה בהלכה אתם מה טיבכם לא נפלו מפני כבודו של רבי יהושע ולא זקפו מפני כבודו של ר"א ועדיין מטין ועומדין חזר ואמר להם אם הלכה כמותי מן השמים יוכיחו יצאתה בת קול ואמרה מה לכם אצל ר"א שהלכה כמותו בכ"מ עמד רבי יהושע על רגליו ואמר (דברים ל, יב) לא בשמים היא
It was taught: On that day, Rabbi Eliezer answered all answers in the world, but the Rabbis did not accept from him. He said to them: "If the halakha is in accordance with my opinion, this carob tree will prove it."
The carob tree was uprooted from its place one hundred cubits, and some say four hundred cubits.
The Rabbis said to him: "One does not cite halakhic proof from the carob tree."
Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: "If the halakha is in accordance with my opinion, the stream will prove it."
The water in the stream turned backward and began flowing in the opposite direction.
They said to him: "One does not cite halakhic proof from a stream."
Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: "If the halakha is in accordance with my opinion, the walls of the study hall will prove it."
The walls of the study hall leaned inward and began to fall.
Rabbi Yehoshua scolded the walls and said to them: "If Torah scholars are contending with each other in matters of halakha, what is the nature of your involvement in this dispute?"
They did not fall because of the deference due Rabbi Yehoshua, but they did not straighten because of the deference due Rabbi Eliezer, and they still remain leaning.
Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: "If the halakha is in accordance with my opinion, Heaven will prove it."
A Divine Voice emerged from Heaven and said: "Why are you differing with Rabbi Eliezer, as the halakha is in accordance with his opinion in every place that he expresses an opinion?"
Rabbi Yehoshua stood on his feet and said: It is written: “It is not in heaven” (Deuteronomy 30:12).
תניא כשחלה ר' אליעזר נכנסו ר' עקיבא וחביריו לבקרו הוא יושב בקינוף שלו והן יושבין בטרקלין שלו... שאני שונה שלש מאות הלכות ואמרי לה שלשת אלפים הלכות בנטיעת קשואין ולא היה אדם שואלני בהן דבר מעולם חוץ מעקיבא בן יוסף פעם אחת אני והוא מהלכין היינו בדרך אמר לי רבי למדני בנטיעת קשואין אמרתי דבר אחד נתמלאה כל השדה קשואין אמר לי רבי למדתני נטיעתן למדני עקירתן אמרתי דבר אחד נתקבצו כולן למקום אחד...
It was taught: When Rabbi Eliezer took ill, Rabbi Akiva and his colleagues came to visit him. He was sitting on his canopied bed, and they were sitting in his parlor; ...Moreover, I can teach three hundred halakhot, and some say that Rabbi Eliezer said three thousand halakhot, with regard to the planting of cucumbers by sorcery, but no person has ever asked me anything about them, besides Akiva ben Yosef. Once he and I were walking along the way, and he said to me: My teacher, teach me about the planting of cucumbers. I said one statement of sorcery, and the entire field became filled with cucumbers. He said to me: My teacher, you have taught me about planting them; teach me about uprooting them. I said one statement and they all were gathered to one place. ...