Within Yoma we have the seeds of caring more for the neshama than the halakhah. The later Babylonian rabbis recognized that legal authority must in some cases be limited, its expansive and controlling nature contained, and the law limited to make room for a certain degree of individual
The Jewish tradition is deeply rooted in the concept of taking responsibility for one's own actions. There are commandments that direct us to take positive steps to meet our responsibilities as parents and citizens to insure a better future. And then there are times when we must balance our responsibility to our selves with our obligation to help others as resources are not limitless. And there is responsibility we must take for the harm that we cause directly or indirectly and not benefit when harm is caused. Finally, there is our responsibility one to another, as connected souls, even to rebuke others who behave badly. The Sages suggest that we might even learn a lesson of responsibility directly from the Holy One of blessing.
Organ Donation is permitted under Jewish law but many, especially in Israel, are hesitant. Is there ever an obligation to donate an organ by a living donor? The case of kidney donation is most instructive.
Is a person born with an essential nature? Are we good or evil? What is an omnipotent creator's role in the formation of our personhood? The Tanya reflects at length on these essential characteristics.