Rabbi Yisrael Eisenstein was a 19th-century scholar of Jewish law and chasidut, who served as rabbi in the cities of Bogopol and Nikolaev in present-day Ukraine. He wrote a collection of responsa entitled Amudei Esh, which was published posthumously together with some of his commentary on the Jerusalem Talmud entitled Amudei Yerushalayim. His other works, including a commentary on the Book of Joshua, remain in manuscript form.