Rabbi Moshe Margalit was an 18th-century Lithuanian rabbi and the author of two central commentaries on the Jerusalem Talmud, Penei Moshe and Mareh Panim. He served as the rabbi of the city in which he was born, Keidan, and traveled Europe in search of manuscripts and knowledge that would aid him in composing his commentaries. Rabbi Margalit also registered to study botany at a university in Brandenburg at the age of 70 in order to better inform his commentary on Seder Zeraim, the Order of the Talmud dealing with agricultural laws.