I. קול = Verbal
A. “How Evangelicals Hear the Voice of God”, https://theweek.com/articles/473060/how-evangelicals-hear-voice-god
“I do think that if God does speak to someone, God speaks through the human mind,” [Dr. Tanya Luhrmann, author of When God Talks Back: Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship With God] explained. “As an anthropologist, I feel I can say something about the social, cultural, and psychological features of what that person is experiencing. I came into this project wanting to understand the question: How are rational, sensible, educated people able to sustain faith in an invisible being in an environment of skepticism?”
Luhrmann’s provocative theory is that the church teaches those who pray to use their minds differently than they do in everyday life. They begin by holding conversations with God in their heads, modeled on the kind of chummy conversations they'd have with their best friends. As they talk to Him, tell Him about their problems, and imagine His wise counsel and loving response, they are training their thoughts, much as people use weights to train their muscles. The church encourages them to tune in to sounds, images, and feelings that are louder or more intense or more unfamiliar or more powerful — and to interpret these internal cues as the external voice of God.
“I came in with a set of stereotypes of evangelicals — the kind that you’d expect from someone in the academy,” she said. “I came out with more respect for the religious process… how private and precious the experience of God can be for people.”
She read from her book’s final chapter [at the event reported on at Vineyard Church]: “I have said that I do not presume to know ultimate reality. But it is also true that through the process of this journey, in my own way, I have come to know God.”...
In 2007, to better understand if and how spiritual practice impacts the mind, Luhrmann randomly divided Christian volunteers into groups: One listened on iPods for 30 minutes a day to lectures on the Gospels, while another participated in a more interactive, imagination-rich way, similar to the prayer style of Vineyard members. Their recordings invited them to see, hear, and touch God in the mind’s eye, to carry on a dialogue with Jesus.
“I found that after a month of prayer practice, people reported more vivid mental imagery than those who listened to the lectures,” she says. “They used mental imagery more readily and had somewhat better perceptual attention, and they reported more unusual sensory experience. In short, they attended to their inner experience more seriously, and that altered how real that experience became for them.”
B. The Bat Kol
i. An unknown voice heard from afar
ii. Tube conversations
iii. Opening a book to a random page
II. קול = Nonverbal
A. God in the storm
B. God’s roar
C. God’s song
III. Combining קול