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I Need You to Need Me

Rabbi Sari Laufer                                                                                                                                                                                                        March 21, 2015/1 Nisan 5775

Congregation Rodeph Sholom                                                                                                                                                                             Parashat VaYikra

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Created March 20, 2015 · 749 Views · נוצר 20 March, 2015 · 749 צפיות ·

  1. (א) וַיִּקְרָ֖א אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֵלָ֔יו מֵאֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵ֖ד לֵאמֹֽר׃ (ב) דַּבֵּ֞ר אֶל־בְּנֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְאָמַרְתָּ֣ אֲלֵהֶ֔ם אָדָ֗ם כִּֽי־יַקְרִ֥יב מִכֶּ֛ם קָרְבָּ֖ן לַֽיהוָ֑ה מִן־הַבְּהֵמָ֗ה מִן־הַבָּקָר֙ וּמִן־הַצֹּ֔אן תַּקְרִ֖יבוּ אֶת־קָרְבַּנְכֶֽם׃ (ג) אִם־עֹלָ֤ה קָרְבָּנוֹ֙ מִן־הַבָּקָ֔ר זָכָ֥ר תָּמִ֖ים יַקְרִיבֶ֑נּוּ אֶל־פֶּ֝תַח אֹ֤הֶל מוֹעֵד֙ יַקְרִ֣יב אֹת֔וֹ לִרְצֹנ֖וֹ לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃ (ד) וְסָמַ֣ךְ יָד֔וֹ עַ֖ל רֹ֣אשׁ הָעֹלָ֑ה וְנִרְצָ֥ה ל֖וֹ לְכַפֵּ֥ר עָלָֽיו׃ (ה) וְשָׁחַ֛ט אֶת־בֶּ֥ן הַבָּקָ֖ר לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה וְ֠הִקְרִיבוּ בְּנֵ֨י אַהֲרֹ֤ן הַֽכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ אֶת־הַדָּ֔ם וְזָרְק֨וּ אֶת־הַדָּ֤ם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ סָבִ֔יב אֲשֶׁר־פֶּ֖תַח אֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד׃ (ו) וְהִפְשִׁ֖יט אֶת־הָעֹלָ֑ה וְנִתַּ֥ח אֹתָ֖הּ לִנְתָחֶֽיהָ׃ (ז) וְ֠נָתְנוּ בְּנֵ֨י אַהֲרֹ֧ן הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֵ֖שׁ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ וְעָרְכ֥וּ עֵצִ֖ים עַל־הָאֵֽשׁ׃ (ח) וְעָרְכ֗וּ בְּנֵ֤י אַהֲרֹן֙ הַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים אֵ֚ת הַנְּתָחִ֔ים אֶת־הָרֹ֖אשׁ וְאֶת־הַפָּ֑דֶר עַל־הָעֵצִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־הָאֵ֔שׁ אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ׃ (ט) וְקִרְבּ֥וֹ וּכְרָעָ֖יו יִרְחַ֣ץ בַּמָּ֑יִם וְהִקְטִ֨יר הַכֹּהֵ֤ן אֶת־הַכֹּל֙ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חָה עֹלָ֛ה אִשֵּׁ֥ה רֵֽיחַ־נִיח֖וֹחַ לַֽיהוָֽה׃ (ס)

    (1) And the LORD called unto Moses, and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying: (2) Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When any man of you bringeth an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd or of the flock. (3) If his offering be a burnt-offering of the herd, he shall offer it a male without blemish; he shall bring it to the door of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. (4) And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. (5) And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD; and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall present the blood, and dash the blood round about against the altar that is at the door of the tent of meeting. (6) And he shall flay the burnt-offering, and cut it into its pieces. (7) And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar, and lay wood in order upon the fire. (8) And Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall lay the pieces, and the head, and the suet, in order upon the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar; (9) but its inwards and its legs shall he wash with water; and the priest shall make the whole smoke on the altar, for a burnt-offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

  2. ( (ה) לרצונו לפני ה'. שיקריבנו ברצונו ולא באונס

    For acceptance on his behalf.... That he offers it willingly, and not under duress.

  3. Midrash Aggadah, Terumah (p.170)

    Why did they want the entire ritual of the Tabernacle? The people said to the Holy and Blessd One 'Master of the universe, the sovereigns of all the nations have a tent, a table, a menorah, incense offereings. Every king has need for those rituals in his kingdom. You are our Sovereign, our Redeemer, our Savior - should You not have all these rituals of kingship so that all the nations of the world will know that You are our Sovereign?' The Holy and Blessed One replied: 'They who are flesh and blood need all this, but I do not need it. I have no need for food or drink and I do not require any light. My servants can testify to that; the sun and moon which illumine the whole earth-they get their light from Me." However the people continued to entreat Him, so God finally said to them 'My children, if you feel this way, then do as you please, but you must do it only in accordance with My instructions. Build Me as house, as it is written, "and they shall make Me a sanctuary" (Exodus 25:8)-also a menorah, a table and an altar on which to offer incense."

  4. וונאמר בשור הגס (ויקרא א, ט) אשה ריח ניחוח ובעוף הדק (ויקרא א, ט) אשה ריח ניחוח ובמנחה (ויקרא ב, ב) אשה ריח ניחוח לומר לך אחד המרבה ואחד הממעיט ובלבד שיכוין את לבו לשמים ושמא תאמר לאכילה הוא צריך תלמוד לאמר (תהלים נ, יב) אם ארעב לא אומר לך כי לי תבל ומלואה ונאמר (תהלים נ, י) כי לי כל חיתו יער בהמות בהררי אלף ידעתי כל עוף הרים וזיז שדי עמדי האוכל בשר אבירים ודם עתודים אשתה לא אמרתי אליכם זבחו כדי שתאמר אעשה רצונו ויעשה רצוני לא לרצוני אתם זובחים אלא לרצונכם אתם זובחים שנאמר (ויקרא יט, ה) לרצונכם תזבחהו דבר אחר לרצונכם תזבחהו לרצונכם זבחו לדעתכם זבחו 

    Furthermore, it is said of a large ox, ‘An offering made by fire of a sweet savour’; of a small bird, ‘An offering made by fire of a sweet savour’; and of a meal-offering, ‘An offering made by fire of a sweet savour’: to teach you that it is the same whether one offers much or little, so long as he directs his heart to heaven. And lest you say, God needs it for food, the text therefore states (Psalms 50:12), If I were hungry, I would not tell you; for the world is Mine and the fullness thereof. And it also says (Psalms 50:10), For every beast of the forest is Mine, and the cattle upon a thousand hills. I know all the fowls of the mountains; and the wild beasts of the field are mine. Do I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? I did not tell you to sacrifice so that you should say, I will do God's will that God will do my will. You do not sacrifice for My sake, but for your own sakes, as it is written (Lev. 19:5), At your will shall you sacrifice it.


    Another interpretation is: ‘At your will shall you sacrifice it.’: sacrifice it of your own free will, sacrifice it with the proper intention.

  5.  (ג) ניחוח. נחת רוח לפני, שאמרתי ונעשה רצוני:

     (3) Pleasing: "It pleases Me because I commanded it and My will was done.

  6. (א) וירח... וחלילה חלילה להיות השם מריח ולא אוכל. כי כן כתוב אשר חלב זבחימו יאכלו. רק הטעם שקבל העולה וישרה לפניו כאדם שמריח ריח טוב והוא ערב

    Far be it that the Almighty should smell or eat. For, it is also written (Deuteronomy 32:38): Who ate the fat of their offerings? Rather, the meaning of this is that God accepts the offering (and the offerer) as a person who smells a sweet odor. as a sweet odor is to a human being." 

  7. Heavenly Torah, Abraham Joshua Heschel, as translated by Rabbi Gordon Tucker, pg. 86


    The basic difference in attitude to the sacrifical system may be summarized thus:

    In the school of Rabbi Ishamel the view was, "Not for my sake do you offer sacrifices, but for your sakes, to satisfy your needs. For My part, I am pleased that having given you the commandment, you fulfill My will, and I shall reward you."

    In the school of Rabbi Akiva, the view was, "I desire nothing else but the sacrifices. Their sweet savor brings delight to Me."

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