Parshat Tzav In Memory of Shimshon Ben Shalom

(ב) צַ֤ו אֶֽת־אַהֲרֹן֙ וְאֶת־בָּנָ֣יו לֵאמֹ֔ר זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הָעֹלָ֑ה הִ֣וא הָעֹלָ֡ה עַל֩ מוֹקְדָ֨הֿ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֤חַ כׇּל־הַלַּ֙יְלָה֙ עַד־הַבֹּ֔קֶר וְאֵ֥שׁ הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ תּ֥וּקַד בּֽוֹ׃

(2) Command Aaron and his sons thus: This is the ritual of the burnt offering: The burnt offering itself shall remain where it is burned upon the altar all night until morning, while the fire on the altar is kept going on it.
צו את אהרן. אֵין צַו אֶלָּא לְשׁוֹן זֵרוּז מִיָּד וּלְדוֹרוֹת; אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן, בְּיוֹתֵר צָרִיךְ הַכָּתוּב לְזָרֵז בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ חֶסְרוֹן כִּיס (ספרא):

צו את אהרן COMMAND AARON — The expression “Command …!” always implies urging on to carry out a command, implying too, that it comes into force at once, and is binding upon future generations.. R. Simeon said: Especially must Scripture urge on the fulfillment of the commands in a case where monetary loss is involved.

Based on the above Rashi that teaches us the wording of our opening verse is used to imply urgency since there is a financial loss here, we ask the following question. The commentators ask, what financial loss is happening here more than any of the other commandments that we need a language of urgency to be used. Even more of a wonder, aren't there specifically many other commandments that have direct financial requirements from your pocket, and regarding them there is no language of urgency used as over here, so whats going on?

And there is what to say here with the help of Heaven regarding what was taught in the Medrash -

"The students of Rebbe Yossi the son of Kisma asked, When is the son of David coming? And he responded to them "This is the Torah/teachings of the Olah sacrifice" "זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הָעֹלָ֑ה" (Words from the opening verse of this weeks Parsha from above)

So we must understand the nature of the answer to their question, which can be done by quoting the following teaching from the Sages -

תַּנְיָא רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר גְּדוֹלָה צְדָקָה שֶׁמְּקָרֶבֶת אֶת הַגְּאוּלָּה

It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Yehuda says: Great is charity in that it advances the redemption,

The above is basically what Rebbe Yossi was answering his students, when he said the words Zot, זֹ֥את, which means to say when you fulfill this Zot, which is a reference to charity, as we see from the writings of the Tanach (Hebrew word Zot bold below) -

הָבִ֨יאוּ אֶת־כׇּל־הַֽמַּעֲשֵׂ֜ר אֶל־בֵּ֣ית הָאוֹצָ֗ר וִיהִ֥י טֶ֙רֶף֙ בְּבֵיתִ֔י וּבְחָנ֤וּנִי נָא֙ בָּזֹ֔את אָמַ֖ר יְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֑וֹת אִם־לֹ֧א אֶפְתַּ֣ח לָכֶ֗ם אֵ֚ת אֲרֻבּ֣וֹת הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַהֲרִיקֹתִ֥י לָכֶ֛ם בְּרָכָ֖ה עַד־בְּלִי־דָֽי׃

Bring the full tithe into the storehouse, and let there be food in My House, and thus put Me to the test—said the LORD of Hosts. I will surely open the floodgates of the sky for you and pour down blessings on you;

This is the Torah of the Olah, which will remove us from the exile.

And behold, let us look into the writings of the Megaleh Amukot on Parshat Lech Lecha on the below verse and the Rashi on it -

וְאֶֽעֶשְׂךָ֙ לְג֣וֹי גָּד֔וֹל וַאֲבָ֣רֶכְךָ֔ וַאֲגַדְּלָ֖ה שְׁמֶ֑ךָ וֶהְיֵ֖ה בְּרָכָֽה׃

I will make of you a great nation,
And I will bless you;
I will make your name great,
And you shall be a blessing.

יָכוֹל יִהְיוּ חוֹתְמִין בְּכֻלָּן, תַּלְמוּד לוֹמַר וֶהְיֵה בְּרָכָה, בְּךָ חוֹתְמִין וְלֹא בָהֶם:

והיה ברכה ...“Be thou a blessing” meaning, with you (i.e. with your name only) shall they conclude the benediction and not with them (their names) (Pesachim 117b).

The explanation here is that since the three forefathers established the three pillars, Abraham established acts of kindness, Isaac established service of the Lord, and Jacob established the study of Torah, and in times of exile, we lack the pillars of Torah and service, however, acts of kindness is eternal. Its explained in the Be'erot Amukim there that the service (sacrifices) has been canceled out, and in regard to Torah, the knowledge of the secrets of the Torah have been transformed into a periphery understanding of the Torah, and its now impossible to delve into the Torah as it was intended due to the yolk of this exile we are in. However, acts of kindness is continuous, at all times, in all scenarios, always, and on this the sages say the above verse should have closed off including all three pillars (As Rashi said), which means to say that they should all be eternal realities, so we are then taught, no, The verse specifically ends with 'And you shall be a blessing', which teaches us that the pillar of Abraham only is eternal, and even in the times of the exile it won't be extinguished, and that the world will be upkept and sustained through it, and in the merit of acts of kindness we will end the exile, and the redemption will arrive.

And behold it is taught in the Talmud based on the below verse regarding the future redemption -

הַקָּטֹן֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה לָאֶ֔לֶף וְהַצָּעִ֖יר לְג֣וֹי עָצ֑וּם אֲנִ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּעִתָּ֥הּ אֲחִישֶֽׁנָּה׃ {ס}
The smallest shall become a clan;
The least, a mighty nation.
I the LORD will speed it in due time.
אמר רבי אלכסנדרי רבי יהושע בן לוי רמי כתיב (ישעיהו ס, כב) בעתה וכתיב אחישנה זכו אחישנה לא זכו בעתה

If they merit redemption through repentance and good deeds I will hasten the coming of the Messiah. If they do not merit redemption, the coming of the Messiah will be in its designated time.

And if your soul is concerned to know, which Mitzvah is upon us to fulfill to fall under the category of being 'worthy' of the redemption, come and learn what is taught in the writings of the sages from above -

Bava Batra 10a - 'It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Yehuda says: Great is charity in that it advances the redemption'

Therefor, the commandment of charity causes the coming and hastening of the redemption, and the salvation of our souls.

And now, we can explain the words of the Holy Rashi from his material, our opening verse states '"This is the Torah/teachings of the Olah sacrifice' "זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הָעֹלָ֑ה" - Which we can see to mean that through the act of giving charity, which is hinted to in the word Zot, זֹ֥את, we will then be elevated out of the exile, as mentioned before. And on this Rashi writes, the wording of this verse implies immediate action, which we see to mean to bring the redemption in the manner that is hastened, as there are two different ways the redemption comes, one which is imminent, which is the redemption that can come in an instant, literally, which is called the hastened redemption. The second one is for the generations, this redemption stretches generations through the extension of the exile, and this one is called, 'in its time'.

And based on all of this we see Rashi of Blessed Memory teaches - 'R. Simeon said: Especially must Scripture urge', which we see regarding this urge - it is really to hasten the redemption in the aspect of the first type of redemption (hastened), and then the teaching continues 'in a case where monetary loss is involved.', monetary loss we can see here is referring to charity, because through giving charity, there is a financial loss from your pocket to who ever distributes his wealth to others, and through this giving of charity, we bring the redemption closer.