In my view, two crucial developments take place in these relations. The first is the diminishing of the appearance of the divine among humans, the hiding of the face of God….. The second, and presumably related, development is a shift in the balance of control of human destiny. This development is at least as remarkable as the disappearance of God. Gradually from Genesis to Ezra and Esther, there is a transition from divine to human responsibility for life on earth. The story begins in Genesis with God in complete control of the creation, but by the end humans have arrived at a stage at which, in all apparent ways, they have responsibility for the fate of their world. So we have to go back to Genesis and go through the story again. While the apparent presence of God was diminishing, something else was happening as well.
More broadly, from Adam to Ezra, and from Eve to Esther, we have observed a process in which humans have gradually come to acquire re-sponsibility for their world. Though there is no suggestion that they are supposed to give up prayer and faith, the text unequivocally concentrates more on what they must do for themselves. The face of God has become hidden. The miracles of God have passed ever more into human direction and then have ceased. For better or worse, a shift in the divine- human balance has taken place, and humans are left in control of their destiny.
The Hidden Face of God Richard Elliot Friedman 1995