One of the special components of Sukkot is the Four Species, Arba Minim, aka lulav and etrog. The Four Species are held together and waved or shaken on each day of Sukkot (except for Shabbat).
Where does this mitzvah come from? How do we know how to perform the mitzvah?
Throughout this activity, you will be building up your knowledge about the Arba Minim. You will need to take notes as you go along. Your notes should include the answers to the questions written in blue.

It all starts in the Torah
The story of the Arba Minim begins in the Torah. Read the verse below. What are the Hebrew and English names of the Arba Minim? As you read the verse, think about what you would need to know in order to make sure that you are fulfilling the mitzvah properly. Jot down a list of questions that you have after reading the verse.
(מ) וּלְקַחְתֶּ֨ם לָכֶ֜ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הָרִאשׁ֗וֹן פְּרִ֨י עֵ֤ץ הָדָר֙ כַּפֹּ֣ת תְּמָרִ֔ים וַעֲנַ֥ף עֵץ־עָבֹ֖ת וְעַרְבֵי־נָ֑חַל וּשְׂמַחְתֶּ֗ם לִפְנֵ֛י יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֖ם שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים׃
(40) On the first day you shall take the product of hadar trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

Halakhah - Codes of Jewish Law
Hopefully you thought of lots of questions that you would need to have answered before you could shake your Arba Minim. The rabbis of the Mishnah and Talmud had long discussions about this. Later rabbis put the discussions together and clarified the rules (halakhot) in books (codes) that you can find in the Halakhah section in the resource panel.
Collecting information from the Halakhah section
Open the resource panel by clicking on the text of the Torah verse. Click on “Halakhah”. Some major codes of Jewish law are the Mishneh Torah, Sefer HaChinuch and the Shulchan Arukh.
​​​​​​​Sefaria tip: Texts with a complete English translation are marked EN.
For each of the books that you look at (at least the three mentioned above), fill out the following information:
  • Name of book
  • Author of book
  • Date of book
  • Facts about
    • Hadas/Myrtle
    • Lulav/Palm
    • Arava/Willow
    • Etrog/Citron

Teaching Others
Now that you have gathered information about the Arba Minim, you can share what you know with others.
Make an interactive infographic on Thinglink with the information that you learned about the Arba Minim.
Start with a picture that you have drawn, photographed, or found on the internet.
Add the requirements for each of the arba minim and links to the text in Sefaria.
If you need help with Thinglink, you can watch a tutorial.
As an alternative, you can use Canva to create your infographic. Before you begin, you can browse through some examples of infographics created on Canva.

Going Deeper
  • Many commentators have proposed ideas about the symbolism of each part of the arba minim and the meaning behind holding them all together to perform the mitzvah. Read Symbolism of the Arba Minim for a collection of interpretations.
  • Check out the #Lulav topics page for additional sources and sheets.