Text Study about Chevrutah
(ט) טוֹבִ֥ים הַשְּׁנַ֖יִם מִן־הָאֶחָ֑ד אֲשֶׁ֧ר יֵשׁ־לָהֶ֛ם שָׂכָ֥ר ט֖וֹב בַּעֲמָלָֽם׃ (י) כִּ֣י אִם־יִפֹּ֔לוּ הָאֶחָ֖ד יָקִ֣ים אֶת־חֲבֵר֑וֹ וְאִ֣יל֗וֹ הָֽאֶחָד֙ שֶׁיִּפּ֔וֹל וְאֵ֥ין שֵׁנִ֖י לַהֲקִימֽוֹ׃

(9) Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labor. (10) For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow; but woe to him that is alone when he falls, and there isn't another to lift him up.


1.) What might it mean that 2 people have a good reward for their labor?

2.) In what ways might someone lift up their fellow?

3.) What might this text teach us about chevrutah?

(יז) בַּרְזֶ֣ל בְּבַרְזֶ֣ל יָ֑חַד וְ֝אִ֗ישׁ יַ֣חַד פְּנֵֽי־רֵעֵֽהוּ׃

(17) Iron sharpens iron; So a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

אמר רבי חמא בר חנינא מאי דכתיב (משלי כז יז) ברזל בברזל יחד לומר לך מה ברזל זה אחד מחדד את חבירו אף שני ת״ח מחדדין זה את זה בהלכה.

R. Chama b. Chanina said: "What is the meaning of the passage (Pr. 27, 17) Iron is sharpened by iron? It means just as iron sharpens another iron, so also when two scholars study together, one sharpens [the intellect of] the other."


1.) What did you take away from the text from Proverbs initially? What might it mean for a man to sharpen the countenance of his friend?

2.) How does the second source add to, or change your understanding of the 1st text?

3.) Taken together, what do these two texts teach about the benefits of chevrutah?

הסכת עשו כתות כתות ועסקו בתורה לפי שאין התורה נקנית אלא בחבורה כדר' יוסי ברבי חנינא דאמר ר' יוסי ברבי חנינא מאי דכתיב (ירמיהו נ, לו) חרב (על) הבדים ונואלו חרב על שונאיהם של תלמידי חכמים שיושבים בד בבד ועוסקים בתורה

"Attend [hasket]" — i.e. "form classes" and occupy yourselves with Torah, because Torah is only acquired in a group [b'chabura]. This is in accord with the statement of R. Jose b. R. Hannina who said : What means that which is written, "A sword is upon the boasters [baddim] and they shall become fools" (Jer. 1. 36)? A sword is upon the enemies of the disciples of the wise who sit separately [bad wa-bad] and study Torah.


1.) What might "Torah" mean in this text?

2.) What might this text mean when it says "Torah is only acquired in a group?"

3.) What is this text telling us about those "who sit separately and study Torah?"

4.) What does this text teach us about chevrutah?

הסכת ושמע ישראל הס ואחר כך כתת כדרבא דאמר רבא לעולם ילמוד אדם תורה ואחר כך יהגה

"Attend [hasket] and hear, O Israel": Be silent [has] and then discuss [kattet]; according to the statement of Raba who said : A man should always study Torah first and afterwards meditate thereon.


1.) What might it mean when this text says, "Be silent and then discuss?" What might be the be the benefit of that silence?

2.) What might it mean that one should meditate on the text after the study of Torah?

3.) What might this text teach us about chevrutah?