Open Beit Midrash - Bikkurim Week 6

Content Warning: This chapter deals exclusively with the category of the "androginos" a person born with both male and female genitalia. (Sometimes referred to in Sefaria translations as a "hermaphrodite.") In discussing the legal gender of such a person, the Mishnah discusses mitzvot that men and women are obligated in differently, and the ways in which an androginos straddles these two gender categories and is also an outsider.

There is also a Mishnah that discusses selling people into slavery, and applying monetary value to human beings.

Please note also: Because this chapter was not originally part of Masechet Bikkurim, there appear to be several versions of it, which means translations and commentaries do not always match up precisely.

Our Mishnah for this Week

(א) אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס יֵשׁ בּוֹ דְּרָכִים שָׁוֶה לַאֲנָשִׁים, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ דְּרָכִים שָׁוֶה לַנָּשִׁים, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ דְּרָכִים שָׁוֶה לַאֲנָשִׁים וְנָשִׁים, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ דְּרָכִים אֵינוֹ שָׁוֶה לֹא לַאֲנָשִׁים וְלֹא לַנָּשִׁים:

(ב) כֵּיצַד שָׁוֶה לַאֲנָשִׁים: מְטַמֵּא בְּלֹבֶן כַּאֲנָשִׁים, וְזוֹקֵק לְיִבּוּם כַּאֲנָשִׁים, וּמִתְעַטֵּף וּמִסְתַּפֵּר כַּאֲנָשִׁים, וְנוֹשֵׂא אֲבָל לֹא נִשָּׂא כַּאֲנָשִׁים, וְחַיָּב בְּכָל מִצְוֹת הָאֲמוּרוֹת בַּתּוֹרָה כַּאֲנָשִׁים:

(ג) כֵּיצַד שָׁוֶה לַנָּשִׁים: מְטַמֵּא בְּאֹדֶם כַּנָּשִׁים, וְאֵינוֹ מִתְיַחֵד עִם הָאֲנָשִׁים כַּנָּשִׂים, וְאֵינוֹ עוֹבֵר עַל "בַּל תַּקִּיף" וְלֹא עַל "בַּל תַּשְׁחִית" וְלֹא עַל "בַּל תְּטַמֵּא לַמֵּתִים" כַּנָּשִׁים, וּפָסוּל מִן הָעֵדוּת כַּנָּשִׁים, וְאֵינוֹ נִבְעַל בַּעֲבֵירָה כַּנָּשִׁים, וְנִפְסַל מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה כַּנָּשִׁים:

(ד) כֵּיצַד שָׁוֶה לַאֲנָשִׁים וְלַנָּשִׁים: חַיָּבִים עַל מַכָּתוֹ וְעַל קִלְלָתוֹ כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְכַנָּשִׁים, וְהַהוֹרְגוֹ שׁוֹגֵג גּוֹלֶה וּמֵזִיד נֶהֱרַג כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְנָשִׁים, וְיוֹשֶׁבֶת עָלָיו דָּם טָמֵא וְדָם טָהוֹר כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְכַנָּשִׁים, וְחוֹלֵק בְּקָדְשֵׁי קֳדָשִׁים כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְכַנָּשִׁים, וְנוֹחֵל לְכָל הַנְּחָלוֹת כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְכַנָּשִׁים, וְאִם אָמַר "הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר שֶׁזֶּה אִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה" הֲרֵי זֶה נָזִיר:

(ה) כֵּיצַד אֵינוֹ שָׁוֶה לֹא לַאֲנָשִׁים וְלֹא לַנָּשִׁים: אֵין חַיָּבִים לֹא עַל מַכָּתוֹ וְלֹא עַל קִלְלָתוֹ לֹא כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְלֹא כַּנָּשִׁים, וְאֵינוֹ נֶעֱרָךְ לֹא כַּאֲנָשִׁים וְלֹא כַּנָּשִׁים, וְאִם אָמַר "הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר שֶׁזֶּה לֹא אִישׁ וְלֹא אִשָּׁה" אֵינוֹ נָזִיר. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר: אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס בְּרִיָּה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמָהּ הוּא וְלֹא יָכְלוּ חֲכָמִים לְהַכְרִיעַ עָלָיו אִם הוּא אִישׁ אוֹ אִשָּׁה. אֲבָל טֻמְטוּם אֵינוֹ כֵּן, פְּעָמִים שֶׁהוּא אִישׁ פְּעָמִים שֶׁהוּא אִשָּׁה:

(1) An Androginos (a hermaphrodite, who has both male and female reproductive organs) is similar to men in some ways and to women in other ways, in some ways to both and in some ways to neither.

(2) In what ways is s/he similar to men? Like a man, s/he is considered unclean through semen; is required to perform yibbum (levirate marriage) like a man; dresses and cuts hair like a man; marries others and is not married off, like a man; and is obliged to perform all the commandments in the Torah, like a man.

(3) In what ways is he like women? He causes impurity with red discharge like women; and he must not be secluded with men, like women; and he doesn't make his brother's wife liable for yibbum (levirate marriage), like women; and he does not share [in the inheritance] with the sons, like women; and he cannot eat most holy sacrifices, like women. At his birth his mother counts the blood of her impurity like [they do when they give birth to a] girl; and he is disqualified from being a witness, like women. If he had illicit intercourse, he is disqualified from eating terumah, like women.

(4) In what ways is he like both men and women? One who strikes him or curses him is liable, as in the case of men and women; one who unwittingly kills him must go into exile, and if on purpose, then [the slayer] receives the death penalty, as is the case of men and women. His mother must [at his birth] bring an offering, as in the case of men and women. He may eat holy things that are eaten outside of the Temple; and he many inherit any inheritance, as in the case of men and women. And if he said, "I will be a nazirite if he is a man and a woman", he is a nazirite.

(5) And in what is he different from both men and women? One does not burn terumah if it came into contact with his discharge. Neither is he liable for entering the temple while impure, unlike men or women. He must not be sold as a Hebrew slave, unlike men or women. He cannot be evaluated, unlike men or women. If one says: "I will be a nazirite, if he is neither a man nor a woman," then he becomes a nazirite. Rabbi Meir says: the hermaphrodite is a unique creature, and the sages could not decide about him. But this is not so with a tumtum (one of doubtful sex), for sometimes he is a man and sometimes he is a woman.

Mazel tov! You have finished learning Masechet Bikkurim!

Discussion Questions

1. Why do you think this chapter of Mishnah (which was not originally part of Masechet Bikkurim) was tacked onto the end of Bikkurim?

2. Any ideas about the breakdown of gender/sex-specific laws around the androginos? What seems to concern the rabbis the most?

3. What can this chapter teach us about the gendered nature of mitzvot in rabbinic sources?

4. What (if anything) is difficult about learning this chapter of Mishnah?

5. What do you want to learn more about or want clarification around? (Check out the additional sources to see if they help.)

Commentary on This Chapter of Mishnah

(ב) ומתעטף כאנשים. שלא ילבש שמלת אשה:

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

Dresses like men. He should not wear a dress of a woman. (“Dress” here is probably referring to the specific clothing item we think of as a dress.)

(ג) אבל לא נישא. משום דהבא עליו כבא על הזכר (יבמות פ״ח מ״ו):

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

Is not married off. Because a man who approaches an androginos (i.e. has sex with them) is like one who approaches a man. (I.e. if an adroginos were married off to a man that man would violate the prohibition of a man having sex with another man.)

(ו) וחייב בכל המצות כאנשים. אפילו מצות עשה שהזמן גרמא שהנשים פטורות, הוא חייב:

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

And is obligated in all the mitzvot like men. An androginos is even obligated in positive time-bound mitzvot, which women are exempt from.

(ב) ואינו מטמא למתים. אם הוא כהן:

(ג) בל תקיף. הקפת הראש:

(ד) בל תשחית. פאת זקן וכולהו ילפינן בפ"ק דקדושין דאנשים חייבין ונשים פטורות:

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

2) And they do not violate a mitzvah if they become ritually impure by coming into contact with dead bodies. If they are a priest. (I.e. male priests would violate a mitzvah by coming into contact with dead bodies, but women and androginos people from the priestly tribe do not violate a mitzvah.)

3) Do not round off. Referring to rounding off the the side-growth on your head. (See Leviticus 19:27. I.e. men violate a mitzvah if they round off the side-growth on their heads, but women and androginos people do not violate a mitzvah if they do this.)

4) Do not destroy. Referring to destroying the side-growth of one’s beard. (See Leviticus 19:27.) Here too, is a case where men are obligated (not to shave off the side-growth of their beards), but women are exempt (i.e. if they do so they have not violate a mitzvah). Similar to women, androginos people are exempt.

(ג) ואינו נמכר בעבד עברי וכו׳ משום דהוי ספק נקבה וכתיב (שמות כב) ונמכר בגניבתו, ולא בגניבתה (סוטה פ״ג מ״ח):

(ד) ולא כנשים. שאב מוכר את בתו הקטנה לאמה, והאנדרוגינוס ספק זכר, ואין אב מוכר את בנו לעבד:

(ה) ואינו נערך. דזכר ונקבה אמורים בפרשת ערכים, שיהא זכר ודאי או נקבה ודאית:

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

3) He must not be sold as a Hebrew slave. Since there is a doubt as to whether an androginos is a woman. As it says in Exodus 22, “And he shall be sold for his theft” (i.e. he is sold into slavery if he lacks the means to make restitution after committing theft). It does not say for her theft. (I.e. only men, not women, can be sold into slavery to pay off the restitution they owe for stealing. Since there is doubt as to whether an androginos is a woman, on the possibility that they are, they cannot be sold into slavery as restitution for theft.)

4) And not like women. The way a woman gets sold into slavery is by a father selling a minor daughter to be female slave. Since there is doubt as to whether an androginos is male, and a father does not sell his minor son into slavery, an androginos may not be sold into slavery this way (i.e. the way a woman would be sold into slavery).

5) He cannot be evaluated. Since males and females are mentioned in the section on values (i.e. monetary values of human beings), a person has to be definitely male or definitely female in order to evaluate them. (I.e. The way one monetarily evaluates people is dependent on whether they are male or female, so they must without question be one or the other in order to be evaluated.)

Additional Sources Related to Androginos

בראשית רבה ח'

וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ (בראשית א, כו)... אָמַר רַבִּי יִרְמְיָה בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁבָּרָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אֶת אָדָם הָרִאשׁוֹן, אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס בְּרָאוֹ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (בראשית ה, ב): זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בְּרָאָם. אָמַר רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָן, בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁבָּרָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אֶת אָדָם הָרִאשׁוֹן, דְּיוּ פַּרְצוּפִים בְּרָאוֹ, וְנִסְּרוֹ וַעֲשָׂאוֹ גַּבִּים, גַּב לְכָאן וְגַב לְכָאן...רַבִּי תַּנְחוּמָא בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי בְּנָיָה וְרַבִּי בֶּרֶכְיָה בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אָמַר, בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁבָּרָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אֶת אָדָם הָרִאשׁוֹן גֹּלֶם בְּרָאוֹ, וְהָיָה מוּטָל מִסּוֹף הָעוֹלָם וְעַד סוֹפוֹ, הֲדָא הוא דִכְתִיב (תהלים קלט, טז): גָּלְמִי רָאוּ עֵינֶיךָ וגו'.

Bereshit Rabbah 8

And God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (Genesis 1:26)...Said R’ Yirmiyah ben Elazar: In the hour when the Holy One created the first human, He created him as an androgyne/androginos, as it is said, “male and female He created them” (Genesis 5:2). Said R’ Shmuel bar Nachmani: In the hour when the Holy One created the first human, He created him with a double-face, and sawed him and made him backs, a back here and a back there...R’ Tanchuma in the name of R’ Banayah and R’ B’rakhyah in the name of R’ Elazar said: In the time that the Holy One created the first human, He created him as a golem and he was set up from one end of the world and unto its other end – that’s what is written: “Your eyes saw my golem etc.” (Psalms 139:16).


(ט) וּמֻתָּר לְהִכָּנֵס בְּצִיצִית לְבֵית הַכִּסֵּא וּלְבֵית הַמֶּרְחָץ. נִפְסְקוּ לוֹ חוּטֵי לָבָן אוֹ תְּכֵלֶת זוֹרְקוֹ בָּאַשְׁפָּה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא מִצְוָה שֶׁאֵין בְּגוּפָהּ קְדֻשָּׁה. וְאָסוּר לִמְכֹּר טַלִּית מְצֻיֶּצֶת לְכוּתִי עַד שֶׁיַּתִּיר צִיצִיּוֹתֶיהָ. לֹא מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּגוּפָהּ קְדֻשָּׁה אֶלָּא שֶׁמָּא יִתְעַטֵּף בָּהּ וְיִתְלַוֶּה עִמּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל וִידַמֶּה שֶׁהוּא יִשְׂרָאֵל וְיַהַרְגֶּנּוּ. נָשִׁים וַעֲבָדִים וּקְטַנִּים פְּטוּרִין מִן הַצִּיצִית מִן הַתּוֹרָה. וּמִדִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים שֶׁכָּל קָטָן שֶׁיּוֹדֵעַ לְהִתְעַטֵּף חַיָּב בְּצִיצִית כְּדֵי לְחַנְּכוֹ בְּמִצְוֹת. וְנָשִׁים וַעֲבָדִים שֶׁרָצוּ לְהִתְעַטֵּף בְּצִיצִית מִתְעַטְּפִים בְּלֹא בְּרָכָה. וְכֵן שְׁאָר מִצְוֹת עֲשֵׂה שֶׁהַנָּשִׁים פְּטוּרוֹת מֵהֶן אִם רָצוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת אוֹתָן בְּלֹא בְּרָכָה אֵין מְמַחִין בְּיָדָן. טֻמְטוּם וְאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס חַיָּבִין בְּכֻלָּן מִסָּפֵק לְפִיכָךְ אֵין מְבָרְכִין אֶלָּא עוֹשִׂין בְּלֹא בְּרָכָה:

(9) It is permissible, while clad in a garment with fringes, to enter a lavatory (privy) or bath house. If threads either of the white fringes, or the blue cord, have been severed, the fringes may be thrown on the waste-heap, because the fringes though used in the fulfillment of a precept, have no intrinsic sanctity. It is forbidden to sell a garment with fringes to a non-Israelite, unless the fringes are unwound; not because any sanctity attaches to them, but for fear that the non-Israelite, wearing the garment with fringes, may be joined on the road by an Israelite who will deem him a co-religionist, and the Gentile may murder the Israelite. Women, bondsmen and minors are exempted by the Scriptural law from the obligation of having fringes in their garments. The Sages however have prescribed that a male child, as soon as he can put on a garment, is under the obligation of having a garment with fringes, so as to be trained in religious observances. If women or bondsmen desire to wear garments with fringes, no objection is raised, but they do not recite the blessing. The same is the rule with respect to other affirmative precepts from the obligation of which women are exempt. If they wish to fulfill them without reciting the blessing, no objection is raised. Persons of doubtful sex and a hermaphrodite, because of the doubt, are under the obligation to fulfill all the precepts. Hence, they do not recite the blessing, but fulfill the duty without pronouncing the benediction.

(ב) נשים ועבדים פטורים מפני שהיא מצות עשה שהזמן גרמא: הגה ומ"מ אם רוצים לעטפו ולברך עליו הרשות בידם כמו בשאר מצות עשה שהזמן גרמא [תוס' והרא"ש והר"ן פ"ב דר"ה ופ"ק דקידושין] אך מחזי כיוהרא לכן אין להן ללבוש ציצית הואיל ואינו חובת גברא [אגור סי' כ"ז] פי' אינו חייב לקנות לו טלית כדי שיתחייב בציצית. ולקמן בסימן י"ט אמר כשיש לו טלית מארבע כנפות ולובשו] טומטום ואנדרוגינוס חייבין מספק ויתעטפו בלא ברכה: [פי' טומטום לא נודע אם הוא זכר או נקיבה ואנדרוגינוס יש לו זכרות ונקבות] [הגה ולפי מה שנהגו נשים לברך במצות עשה שהזמן גרמא גם הם יברכו] [דברי עצמו]:

(2) Women and slaves are exempt [from wearing tzitzit] because it is a time-dependent commandment. Rem"a: And if they wish to wrap [in tzitzit] and say the blessing on them it is up to them to do so as with all time-dependent commandments (Tosafot and the Rosh and the Ran, Chapter 2, Rosh Hashanah, First Chapter of Kiddushin). However, it looks as if they are doing it to appear more observant than others, therefore, they should not wear tzitzit, as it is not a commandment of the person [rather of the object] (Agur Section 27). [And for slaves] This means we do not have to buy him a tallit in order that he be required to wear tzitzit as we see in Chapter 19 it says when he has a shawl with four corners he should wear it.The requirement for a tumtum and an androgynous is doubtful and so they should wrap without a blessing (Explanation: a tumtum does not know whether he/she is male/female, and an androgynous has both male and female genitals).Rem"a: And since it is our custom that women should say the blessing when they fulfill time-dependent commandments so should they (Divrei Atzmo)

Benching / Grace After Meals

(ז) נָשִׁים וַעֲבָדִים וּקְטַנִּים אֵין מְזַמְּנִין עֲלֵיהֶן אֲבָל מְזַמְּנִין לְעַצְמָן. וְלֹא תְּהֵא חֲבוּרָה שֶׁל נָשִׁים וַעֲבָדִים וּקְטַנִּים מִפְּנֵי הַפְּרִיצוּת. אֲבָל נָשִׁים מְזַמְּנוֹת לְעַצְמָן אוֹ עֲבָדִים לְעַצְמָן וּבִלְבַד שֶׁלֹּא יְזַמְּנוּ בְּשֵׁם. אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס מְזַמֵּן לְמִינוֹ וְאֵינוֹ מְזַמֵּן לֹא לְנָשִׁים וְלֹא לַאֲנָשִׁים מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא סָפֵק. וְהַטֻּמְטוּם אֵינוֹ מְזַמֵּן כְּלָל. קָטָן הַיּוֹדֵעַ לְמִי מְבָרְכִין מְזַמְּנִין עָלָיו וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא כְּבֶן שֶׁבַע אוֹ כְּבֶן שְׁמוֹנֶה. וּמִצְטָרֵף בֵּין לְמִנְיַן שְׁלֹשָׁה בֵּין לְמִנְיַן עֲשָׂרָה לְזַמֵּן עָלָיו. וְהָעַכּוּ״ם אֵין מְזַמְּנִין עָלָיו:

(7) Women, slaves and minors are not eligible for the quorum required for the introductory formula. But they recite it when they are by themselves. However, to prevent licentiousness, women, slaves and minors should not be formed into a joint company for Grace. But women may form a quorum for themselves, and so may slaves. In either case they do not use the name of God in the introductory formula. An androgyne recites the introductory formula if the entire company is of his class, but not if the other members are normal men and women. One whose sex cannot be determined never says the introductory formula. A minor if he is only seven or eight years of age, provided he understands Who it is that is addressed in benediction, may be counted in the quorum, whether it consists of three or ten persons. A non-Israelite is not to be counted.


(ב) עוֹשִׂין כָּל צָרְכֵי מִילָה בְשַׁבָּת, מוֹהֲלִין, וּפוֹרְעִין, וּמוֹצְצִין, וְנוֹתְנִין עָלֶיהָ אִסְפְּלָנִית וְכַמּוֹן. אִם לֹא שָׁחַק מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, לוֹעֵס בְּשִׁנָּיו וְנוֹתֵן. אִם לֹא טָרַף יַיִן וְשֶׁמֶן מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, יִנָּתֵן זֶה בְעַצְמוֹ וְזֶה בְעַצְמוֹ. וְאֵין עוֹשִׂין לָהּ חָלוּק לְכַתְּחִלָּה, אֲבָל כּוֹרֵךְ עָלֶיהָ סְמַרְטוּט. אִם לֹא הִתְקִין מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת, כּוֹרֵךְ עַל אֶצְבָּעוֹ וּמֵבִיא, וַאֲפִלּוּ מֵחָצֵר אַחֶרֶת:

(ג) מַרְחִיצִין אֶת הַקָּטָן, בֵּין לִפְנֵי הַמִּילָה וּבֵין לְאַחַר הַמִּילָה, וּמְזַלְּפִין עָלָיו בַּיָּד, אֲבָל לֹא בִכְלִי. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, מַרְחִיצִין אֶת הַקָּטָן בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי שֶׁחָל לִהְיוֹת בְּשַׁבָּת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית לד) וַיְהִי בַיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי בִּהְיוֹתָם כֹּאֲבִים. סָפֵק וְאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס אֵין מְחַלְּלִין עָלָיו אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת, וְרַבִּי יְהוּדָה מַתִּיר בְּאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס:

(2) They may perform all the necessities of circumcision on Shabbat: circumcising, uncovering [the corona], sucking [the wound], and placing a compress and cumin upon [the wound]. If one did not grind [the cumin] on the eve of Shabbat, he may chew [it] with his teeth and apply [it to the wound]. If he did not beat up wine and oil on the eve of Shabbat, he should apply each separately. They may not make a cloak for it in the first place, but he may wrap a rag about it. If this was not prepared from the eve of Shabbat, he may wind it about his finger and bring it, and even from another courtyard.

(3) They bathe the infant both before and after the circumcision, and sprinkle [warm water] over him by hand but not with a vessel. R. Elazar ben Azaryah says: they may bathe an infant on the third day [of circumcision] which falls on the Shabbat, as it is said, “And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore” (Genesis 34:25). For one who about whom it is doubtful, and a hermaphrodite, they may not desecrate Shabbat But Rabbi Judah permits [it] in the case of a hermaphrodite.

(ז) גֵּר שֶׁנִּכְנַס לִקְהַל יִשְׂרָאֵל חַיָּב מִילָה תְּחִלָּה. וְאִם מָל כְּשֶׁהָיָה עַכּוּ״ם צָרִיךְ לְהַטִּיף מִמֶּנּוּ דַּם בְּרִית בַּיּוֹם שֶׁנִּתְגַּיֵּר. וְכֵן קָטָן שֶׁנּוֹלַד כְּשֶׁהוּא מָהוּל צָרִיךְ לְהַטִּיף מִמֶּנּוּ דַּם בְּרִית בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁמִינִי. אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס וְהוּא הַיָּלוּד שֶׁיֵּשׁ לוֹ זַכְרוּת כְּזָכָר וְנַקְבוּת כִּנְקֵבָה צָרִיךְ לָמוּל אוֹתוֹ בַּשְּׁמִינִי. וְכֵן יוֹצֵא דֹּפֶן וּמִי שֶׁיֵּשׁ לוֹ שְׁתֵּי עָרְלוֹת מָלִין אֶת שְׁתֵּיהֶן בַּשְּׁמִינִי:

(7) A proselyte must, before he can enter the communion of Israel be circumcised. If, while still a gentile, he had already been circumcised, it is requisite to draw a drop of blood from the membrum, on the day when he is received, as a sign of the covenant. Similarly, if a male infant is born with the prepuce absent, it is requisite to draw a drop of blood from the membrum when the infant is eight days old. An androgyne that has both male and female organs is to be circumcised on the eighth day. So too a male infant delivered by the Caesarean operation, or one born with two foreskins is to be circumcised on the eighth day.


(ו) סְרִיס חַמָּה כֹּהֵן שֶׁנָּשָׂא בַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, מַאֲכִילָהּ בַּתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמְרִים, אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס כֹּהֵן שֶׁנָּשָׂא בַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, מַאֲכִילָהּ בַּתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, טֻמְטוּם שֶׁנִּקְרַע וְנִמְצָא זָכָר, לֹא יַחֲלֹץ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא כְסָרִיס. אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס נוֹשֵׂא, אֲבָל לֹא נִשָּׂא. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס חַיָּבִים עָלָיו סְקִילָה, כְּזָכָר:

(6) If a priest who was eunuch by nature married the daughter of an Israelite, he confers upon her the right to eat terumah. Rabbi Yose and Rabbi Shimon stated: if a priest who was an hermaphrodite married the daughter of an Israelite, he confers upon her the right to eat terumah. Rabbi Judah stated: if a tumtum was opened up and found to be a male, he may not perform halitzah, because he has the same status as a eunuch. The hermaphrodite may marry [a wife] but may not be married [by a man]. Rabbi Eliezer stated: concerning the hermaphrodite, [the one who has relations with him] is liable to be stoned like one [who has relations with] a male.

(טו) [אֶחָד הַבָּא עַל הַזָּכָר אוֹ] הַבָּא עַל אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס דֶּרֶךְ זִכְרוּתוֹ חַיָּב. [וְאִם בָּא עָלָיו דֶּרֶךְ נְקֵבוּתוֹ פָּטוּר] וְהַטֻּמְטוּם סָפֵק הוּא לְפִיכָךְ הַבָּא עַל הַטֻּמְטוּם אוֹ עַל אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס [דֶּרֶךְ נְקֵבוּתוֹ] מַכִּין אוֹתוֹ מַכַּת מַרְדּוּת וְהָאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוּס מֻתָּר לִשָּׂא אִשָּׁה:

(translation by Ayelet Pinnolis)

A man who has sex with a man or has sex with an androginos via their maleness is liable (for the prohibition against homosexual sex). And if he has sex with an androginos via their femaleness, he is not liable. And one who is a tumtum (lacks sexual organs), is of doubtful gender, therefore one who has sex with a tumtum or an androginos via their femaleness receives lashes. And an androginos is permitted to marry a woman.