Parah Chapter Two

רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, פָּרַת חַטָּאת הַמְעֻבֶּרֶת, כְּשֵׁרָה. וַחֲכָמִים פּוֹסְלִין.
רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אֵינָהּ נִלְקַחַת מִן הַנָּכְרִים. וַחֲכָמִים מַכְשִׁירִים.

וְלֹא זוֹ בִלְבַד, אֶלָּא כָל קָרְבְּנוֹת הַצִּבּוּר וְהַיָּחִיד בָּאִין מֵהָאָרֶץ וּמִחוּץ לָאָרֶץ, מִן הֶחָדָשׁ וּמִן הַיָּשָׁן, חוּץ מִן הָעֹמֶר וּשְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם שֶׁאֵינָן בָּאִין אֶלָּא מִן הֶחָדָשׁ וּמִן הָאָרֶץ:

פָּרָה שֶׁקַּרְנֶיהָ וּטְלָפֶיהָ שְׁחוֹרִים, יָגֹד
גַּלְגַּל הָעַיִן וְהַשִּׁנַּיִם וְהַלָּשׁוֹן אֵינָם פּוֹסְלִים בַּפָּרָה. וְהַנַּנֶּסֶת, כְּשֵׁרָה.
הָיְתָה בָהּ יַבֶּלֶת וַחֲתָכָהּ, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה פוֹסֵל. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, כָּל מְקוֹם שֶׁנִּטַּל וְלֹא הֶעֱלָה מְקוֹמוֹ שֵׂעָר אָדֹם, פְּסוּלָה:

יוֹצֵא דֹפֶן וְאֶתְנָן וּמְחִיר, פְּסוּלָה. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מַכְשִׁיר, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים כג), לֹא תָבִיא אֶתְנַן זוֹנָה וּמְחִיר כֶּלֶב בֵּית ה' אֱלֹקֶיךָ, וְאֵין זוֹ בָאָה לַבָּיִת.
כָּל הַמּוּמִים הַפּוֹסְלִים בַּמֻּקְדָּשִׁים, פּוֹסְלִים בַּפָּרָה.
רָכַב עָלֶיהָ, נִשְׁעַן עָלֶיהָ, נִתְלָה בִזְנָבָהּ, עָבַר בָּהּ אֶת הַנָּהָר, קִפֵּל עָלֶיהָ אֶת הַמּוֹסֵרָה, נָתַן טַלִּיתוֹ עָלֶיהָ, פְּסוּלָה.
אֲבָל קְשָׁרָהּ בַּמּוֹסֵרָה, עָשָׂה לָהּ סַנְדָּל בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁלֹּא תַחֲלִיק, פָּרַס טַלִּיתוֹ עָלֶיהָ מִפְּנֵי הַזְּבוּבִים, כְּשֵׁרָה.
זֶה הַכְּלָל, כֹּל שֶׁהוּא לְצָרְכָּהּ, כְּשֵׁרָה. לְצֹרֶךְ אַחֵר, פְּסוּלָה:

שָׁכַן עָלֶיהָ עוֹף, כְּשֵׁרָה.
עָלָה עָלֶיהָ זָכָר, פְּסוּלָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם הֶעֱלָהוּ, פְּסוּלָה. וְאִם מֵעַצְמוֹ, כְּשֵׁרָה:

הָיוּ בָהּ שְׁתֵּי שְׂעָרוֹת שְׁחוֹרוֹת אוֹ לְבָנוֹת בְּתוֹךְ גֻּמָּא אַחַת, פְּסוּלָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ בְתוֹךְ כּוֹס אֶחָד.
הָיוּ בְתוֹךְ שְׁנֵי כוֹסוֹת וְהֵן מוֹכִיחוֹת זוֹ אֶת זוֹ, פְּסוּלָה.
רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ אַרְבַּע, אֲפִלּוּ חָמֵשׁ, וְהֵן מְפֻזָּרוֹת, יִתְלֹשׁ.
רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ חֲמִשִּׁים.
רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן בְּתֵירָא אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ אַחַת בְּרֹאשָׁהּ וְאַחַת בִּזְנָבָהּ, פְּסוּלָה.
הָיוּ בָהּ שְׁתֵּי שְׂעָרוֹת, עִקָּרָן מַשְׁחִיר וְרֹאשָׁן מַאְדִּים, עִקָּרָן מַאְדִּים וְרֹאשָׁן מַשְׁחִיר, הַכֹּל הוֹלֵךְ אַחַר הַנִּרְאֶה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אַחַר הָעִקָּר:

(1) Rabbi Eliezer says: A pregnant red heifer is valid [for the ritual]. And the Sages invalidate it. Rabbi Eliezer says: It cannot be purchased from gentiles. And the Sages validate [purchasing a red heifer from gentiles]. And furthermore all communal and individual sacrifices [may] come either from the Land [of Israel] or from outside of the Land, either from the new [grain, harvested in the new year but before the omer sacrifice is brought on Pesach, and forbidden until after the sacrifice] or from the old [grain], except for the omer and the two loaves [offered on Shavuot] which may only be brought from the new [grain] and from the Land.

(2) A [red] heifer whose horns and hoofs are black, they [the horns and hoofs] should be removed. The eyeball, the teeth and the tongue do not invalidate it [from being entirely red, if they are black]. The runt is valid. [If] it had a boil which was cut off, Rabbi Yehudah invalidates it; Rabbi Shimon says: Any time a removal occurred and red hair did not grow in its place is invalid.

(3) One [a red heifer] born through a Caesarean section [literally: came out through a wall], one given as payment [for a harlot], or as a price [for a dog] are invalid. Rabbi Eliezer validates [them], as the verse says: (Deuteronomy 23:19) "Do not bring a harlot's payment or the price of a dog to the house of Hashem your G-d," and this one, [the red heifer,] does not come to the house. All the blemishes which invalidate sacrifices invalidate the [red] heifer. [If] one rode on it, leaned on it, hung from its tail, used it to cross a river, doubled the reins over it, [or] placed his cloak on it, it is invalid. But if he tied it with a rein, made a shoe for it to prevent slipping, [or] spread his cloak over it because of the flies, it is valid. This is the rule: anything [done] for its own needs [that of the heifer], it is valid. For any other needs, it is invalid.

(4) If a bird rested on it, it is valid. If a male mounted it, it is invalid. Rabbi Yehudah says: If one caused [the male] to mount, it is invalid. If [it mounted] on its own accord, it is valid.

(5) [If] it had two black or white hairs from one pore, it is invalid. Rabbi Yehudah says: even from one cup [a bump of flesh from which several hairs grow]. If they [the two hairs] are from two cups, and they prove one another [giving indication that they grew in tandem], it is invalid. Rabbi Akiva says: Even four or even five scattered [hairs], they should be plucked [and the cow is valid]." Rabbi Eliezer says: Even fifty. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Beteira says: Even one at its head and one at its tail invalidate it. [If] it had two hairs whose roots are black and tips are red, [or] whose roots are red and tips are black, everything follows after the appearance [i.e. the tips], these are the words of Rabbi Meir; and the Sages say: after the root.