(1) Four things have been enjoined regarding the Sabbath: two on biblical authority, and two on the authority of the sages and clearly expressed by the Prophets. The Torah says: Remember (Exodus 20:8) and Observe (Deuteronomy 5:12); the Prophets clearly speak of Honor and Delight, as it is written: "Call the Sabbath a delight, and the Lord's sacred day an honor" (Isaiah 58:13).
(2) What is meant by honor? The sages explained this by declaring that each person should wash his face, hands and feet with hot water on Friday in honor of the Sabbath, and then enwrap himself in a fringed garment and be seated with dignity in expectation of the Sabbath, receiving it as if he were coming out to meet the king. The ancient sages used to assemble their disciples on Friday, put on their best clothes, and say: "Come, let us go out to meet King Sabbath."
(3) We honor the Sabbath by wearing clean clothes. One must not wear weekday apparel on the Sabbath.— —
(4) In deference to the Sabbath, it is forbidden to arrange for a festive meal to take place on Friday; it is, however, permissible to eat and drink until nightfall. Nevertheless, in deference to the Sabbath, one should refrain from having a regular meal the entire afternoon, that he may enter the Sabbath with a desire to eat.
(5) One should spread his Sabbath table on Friday, even if he requires no more than an olive's bulk of food; so too, he should set his table at the end of the Sabbath, even if he requires only a minute amount of food, in order to honor the Sabbath both at its entrance and departure. One should also set the house in order on Friday before sunset in honor of the Sabbath. A lamp should be lit, a table spread, and a bed properly arranged. All these are marks of respect for the Sabbath.
(6) Even a person of high rank, who does not as a rule buy things at the market or engage in household chores, should himself perform what is necessary for the Sabbath, for this is his way of showing respect. Some of the ancient sages used to chop wood for the cooking; others used to cook or salt meat or twine wicks or light lamps; others used to go out and buy food and drinks for the Sabbath, although none of them would usually do such things on weekdays. The more anyone honors the Sabbath in this manner, the more praise he deserves.