Mishna, Pirkei Avot 2:5
משנה, פרקי אבות ב:ה
הלל אומר אל תפרוש מן הצבור ואל תאמן בעצמך עד יום מותך ואל תדין את חברך עד שתגיע למקומו ואל תאמר דבר שאי אפשר לשמוע שסופו להשמע ואל תאמר לכשאפנה אשנה שמא לא תפנה:
Hillel said: Do not withdraw from the community. And do not trust in yourself until the day of your death. And do not judge your fellow until you have put yourself in their place. Do not say something which cannot be heard (on the assumption) that eventually it will be heard. And do not say, 'When I have time I shall study,' perchance you will never have time. [AJWS translation]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. How do each of these pieces of advice enhance an individual? Why does Hillel group them together?

2. Which of these concerns one's internal development, and which concern one's interactions with others? Why are both important?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)