Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 119b (Rav Hamnunah)
תלמוד בבלי שבת קיט
אָמַר רַב הַמְנוּנָא: לֹא חָרְבָה יְרוּשָׁלַיִם אֶלָא בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁבִּיטְלוּ בָּהּ תִּינוֹקוֹת שֶׁל בֵּית רַבָּן
Rav Hamnunah said: Jerusalem was only destroyed because school children were neglected in her [translation by Jonah Steinberg]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What does this text say about the relationship between social responsibility and exile?

2. Why do you think the Talmud makes such a strong statement about education? Why do they see education as so important for the fabric of society?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)