Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 119b (Rav Hamnunah)
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תלמוד בבלי שבת קיט
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אָמַר רַב הַמְנוּנָא: לֹא חָרְבָה יְרוּשָׁלַיִם אֶלָא בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁבִּיטְלוּ בָּהּ תִּינוֹקוֹת שֶׁל בֵּית רַבָּן
Rav Hamnunah said: Jerusalem was only destroyed because school children were neglected in her [translation by Jonah Steinberg]
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Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What does this text say about the relationship between social responsibility and exile?

2. Why do you think the Talmud makes such a strong statement about education? Why do they see education as so important for the fabric of society?

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Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)