Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Bava Batra, p. 8a
תלמוד בבלי מסכת בבא בתרא דף ח עמוד א
הכל לכריא פתיא, אפי' מרבנן
All must contribute to the digging of a well [for a public fountain], including the Rabbis... [Translated by Judaic Classics Library]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. Why do you think everyone has to participate in the digging of a communal well?

2. Who has the responsibility of ensuring the community has water to drink? What other public works might these people be responsible for?

3. America’s environmental impact is not limited to this country, but includes impacts across the world. Based on this text, what is our responsibility towards other citizens of the world?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)