BabylonianTalmud, Shabbat 31a - 1
תלמוד בבלי, שבת לא.
שוב מעשה בנכרי אחד שבא לפני שמאי, אמר לו: גיירני על מנת שתלמדני כל התורה כולה כשאני עומד על רגל אחת. דחפו באמת הבנין שבידו. בא לפני הלל, גייריה. אמר לו: דעלך סני לחברך לא תעביד - זו היא כל התורה כולה, ואידך - פירושה הוא, זיל גמור.
On another occasion it happened that a certain non-Jew came before Shammai and said to him, “I will convert to Judaism, on condition that you teach me the whole Torah while I stand on one foot.” Shammai chased him away with the builder's tool that was in his hand. He came before Hillel and said to him, "Convert me." Hillel said to him, “What is hateful to you, do not to your neighbor: that is the whole Torah; the rest is commentary; go and learn it.” [AJWS translation]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. How is Hillel's phrase here different than the verse in Leviticus, "Love your neighbor as yourself?"

2. If we truly followed this dictum, how would our daily behavior change? How would our government policies change - foreign and domestic?

3. What other social justice themes emerge from this text?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)