Mishnah Sukkah 4 משנה סוכה
The [shaking of the] lulav and the [ritual of the] willow [branches were each done, at times] on six [days of the festival], and [at times] on seven. The [recitation of the] Hallel, and the simchah [the bringing of the joy offerings, were each done] on eight [days]. The [dwelling in the] sukkah, and the water libations [were each done] on seven [days]. And the flute [was played, at times] on five, and [at times] on six. לולב וערבה, ששה ושבעה. ההלל והשמחה, שמונה. סכה ונסוך המים, שבעה. והחליל, חמשה וששה. How is the [shaking of the] lulav [done] on seven [days]? If the first holy day of the festival falls on Shabbat, the [shaking of the] lulav [is done] on seven [days]; and [if the first holy day of the festival falls on] any of the other days [of the week, the shaking of the lulav is done] on six. לולב שבעה כיצד, יום טוב הראשון של חג שחל להיות בשבת, לולב שבעה, ושאר כל הימים ששה. How is [the ritual of] the willow [branches done] on seven? If the seventh day of the willow [ritual] falls on Shabbat, [the ritual of] the willow [branches is done] on seven [days]; and [if it falls on] any of the other days [of the week, it is done] on six. ערבה שבעה כיצד, יום שביעי של ערבה שחל להיות בשבת, ערבה שבעה, ושאר כל הימים ששה. How is the mitzvah to take the lulav [done] when the first holy day of the festival falls on Shabbat? They would walk their lulavim to the Temple Mount, and the officers would receive [the lulavim] from them and arrange them on top of the colonnade, and the elders would place theirs in the chamber. And they would instruct them [the people] to say, "Anyone whom my lulav comes into his possession, it is thereby his as a gift." The following day they would arise and come, and the officers would throw them [the lulavim] before them, and they would grab them, and people would hurt their fellows [in the scramble]. And when the Beit Din saw that they would come to dangerous circumstances, they established that each person should perform [the mitzvah of] the taking [of the lulav] in his own house. מצות לולב כיצד, (יום טוב הראשון של חג שחל להיות בשבת), מוליכין את לולביהן להר הבית, והחזנין מקבלין מהן וסודרין אותן על גב האצטבא, והזקנים מניחין את שלהן בלשכה. ומלמדים אותם לומר: כל מי שמגיע לולבי בידו, הרי הוא לו במתנה. למחר משכימין ובאין, והחזנין זורקין אותם לפניהם, והן מחטפין ומכין איש את חברו. וכשראו בית דין שבאו לידי סכנה, התקינו שיהא כל אחד ואחד נוטל בביתו. How is the mitzvah of the willow [branches] done? There was a place below Jerusalem, and it is called Motzah. They would descend to there and gather from there large willow branches, and they would come and stand them upright on the sides of the altar, with their tips inclining over the alter. They would blow a tekiyah [a steady blast], and a teruah [a broken blast], and a tekiyah. Every day they would circle the altar one time and say, "We beseech you Hashem, redeem us, please; we beesech you Hashem, bring prosperity, please." Rabbi Yehudah says: [they would say,] "Ani vaho, bring redemption, please." [The literal meaning of this latter phrase, which perhaps contains hidden numerical meanings or names of Hashem, is unclear.] And on that particular day [i.e. the seventh days of willow ritual], they would circle the altar seven times. At the hour of their departure, what did they say? "Beauty for you, O altar! Beauty for you, O altar!" Rabbi Eliezer says: [they would say,] "For Hashem and for you, O altar! For Hashem and for you, O altar." מצות ערבה כיצד, מקום היה למטה מירושלים ונקרא מוצא. יורדין לשם ומלקטין משם מרביות של ערבה, ובאין וזוקפין אותן בצדי המזבח, וראשיהן כפופין על גבי המזבח. תקעו והריעו ותקעו. בכל יום מקיפין את המזבח פעם אחת, ואומרים: אנא ה' הושיעה נא, אנא ה' הצליחה נא. רבי יהודה אומר: אני והו הושיעה נא. ואותו היום מקיפין את המזבח שבע פעמים. בשעת פטירתן מה הן אומרים: יפי לך מזבח, יפי לך מזבח. רבי אליעזר אומר: ליה ולך, מזבח. ליה ולך, מזבח. As was done for it [for the willow ritual] on the weekdays, likewise was done for it on Shabbat, except that they would gathered them [the willow branches] on the eve of Shabbat, and would place them into golden casks [filled with water], so that they would not whither. Rabbi Yochanan ben Beroka says: They would bring branches of palms, and beat them on the ground at the sides of the altar. And that particular day was called The Day of the Beating of the Branches. כמעשהו בחל כך מעשהו בשבת, אלא שהיו מלקטין אותן מערב שבת ומניחים אותן בגיגיות של זהב, כדי שלא יכמושו. רבי יוחנן בן ברוקה אומר: חריות של דקל היו מביאין וחובטין אותן בקרקע בצדי המזבח, ואותו היום נקרא יום חבוט חריות. Immediately [following this], the children would steal their lulavim and they would eat their citrons. מיד התינוקות שומטין את לולביהן ואוכלין אתרוגיהן. How is [the recitation of] the Hallel and the simchah [done on] eight days? This teaches that one is obligated in [the recitation of] the Hallel and in simchah and in honoring the last day of the festival, just as on all the rest of the days of the festival. How is the [dwelling in the] sukkah [done on] seven [days]? If one finished eating [one's last meal of the festival], he should not take apart his sukkah; but from the [hour of] minchah [i.e. the afternoon] and onward, he may take his vessels down [and out of the sukkah], in honor of the last holy day of the festival. ההלל והשמחה שמונה כיצד, מלמד שחיב אדם בהלל ובשמחה ובכבוד יום טוב האחרון של חג, כשאר כל ימות החג. סכה שבעה כיצד, גמר מלאכול, לא יתיר סכתו, אבל מוריד את הכלים מן המנחה ולמעלה, מפני כבוד יום טוב האחרון של חג. How are the water libations done? A golden flask, that could hold three logim [a measure], was filled from the Shiloach [spring]. When they would arrive [with it] at the Gate of Water, they would blow a tekiyah, and a teruah, and a tekiyah. He [the priest] would then ascended the ramp [of the altar], and turned to his left; two silver basins were there. Rabbi Yehudah says: they were [made] of plaster, but their surfaces would darken from the wine. And they had perforations [at their bases] like two narrow nostrils, one [the basin for the wine, had a] wider [perforation], and one [the basin for the water, had a perforation that was] narrower, so that they would both run out at once. The western one was for water, and the eastern one was for wine. If one empties the one for water into the one for wine, or the one for wine into the one for water, one [nonetheless] fulfilled [the requirement]. Rabbi Yehudah says: The libations would be done with one log on each of the eight [days]. And they [the people] would say to the one doing the libations, "Raise your hands," because one time it happened that one [priest] poured the libations on his feet, and all the people pelted him with their citrons. נסוך המים כיצד, צלוחית של זהב מחזקת שלשת לגים היה ממלא מן השלוח. הגיעו לשער המים, תקעו והריעו ותקעו. עלה בכבש ופנה לשמאלו, שני ספלים של כסף היו שם. רבי יהודה אומר: של סיד היו, אלא שהיו משחרין פניהם מפני היין. ומנקבין כמין שני חטמין דקין, אחד מעבה ואחד דק, כדי שיהו שניהם כלין בבת אחת. מערבי של מים, מזרחי של יין. ערה של מים לתוך של יין, ושל יין לתוך של מים, יצא. רבי יהודה אומר: בלג היה מנסך כל שמונה. ולמנסך אומרים לו: הגבה ידך. שפעם אחת נסך אחד על גבי רגליו, ורגמוהו כל העם באתרוגיהן . As was done for it [for the water libations] on the weekdays, likewise was done for it on Shabbat, except that on the eve of Shabbat they would fill a golden cask that had not been sanctified [with water] from the Shiloach [spring], and they would place it in a chamber [in the Temple]. If it was poured out or uncovered, one would [re-]fill it from the laver, since water or wine that were [left] uncovered are invalid for use upon the altar. כמעשהו בחל כך מעשהו בשבת, אלא שהיה ממלא מערב שבת חבית של זהב שאינה מקדשת מן השילוח, ומניחה בלשכה. נשפכה או נתגלתה, היה ממלא מן הכיור, שהיין והמים המגלין, פסולים לגבי המזבח.
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