« Mishnah Shabbat
Mishnah Shabbat 24:5 משנה שבת
He who [on the Sabbath-eve] is overtaken by the dusk on the road must give his purse to a heathen. If there be no heathen with him he must put it on the ass. As soon as he arrives at the outmost court [dwelling of the first town or village he reaches] he takes off all such things as may be moved on the Sabbath; as to those things which must not be moved he loosens the cords, that they may fall off by themselves. מי שהחשיך בדרך, נותן כיסו לנכרי, ואם אין עמו נכרי, מניחו על החמור.הגיע לחצר החיצונה, נוטל את הכלים הנטלין בשבת, ושאינן נטלין בשבת, מתיר את החבלים, והשקין נופלין מאליהם. They may untie bundles of straw for cattle; also to strew green boughs [stalks for them], but they must not undo bundles trebly tied. Herbs used as fodder, and carob pods, must not be cut up for cattle, be it large or small [kine or sheep]. R. Jehudah permits the cutting up of carob pods for small cattle. מתירין פקיעי עמיר לפני בהמה, ומפספסים את הכפין, אבל לא את הזירין.אין מרסקין לא את השחת ולא את החרובין לפני בהמה, בין דקה בין גסה.רבי יהודה מתיר בחרובין לדקה. A camel must not be crammed [to fatten it]; nor yet forced to eat; but the food may be put into its mouth. Calves must not be crammed, but the food may be put into their mouths. Poultry may be fed: water may be poured on bran, but it must not be kneaded. They must not put water before bees, or before pigeons in a dovecot; but they may put [it] before geese, and before poultry, and before house pigeons [tame ones]. אין אובסין את הגמל, ולא דורסין, אבל מלעיטין .ואין ממרים את העגלים, אבל מלעיטין.ומהלקטין לתרנגולין, ונותנין מים למרסן, אבל לא גובלים.ואין נותנין מים לפני דבורים ולפני יונים שבשובך, אבל נותנין לפני אוזים ותרנגולים ולפני יוני הרדסיות. Pumpkins may be cut up for cattle, and carrion for dogs. R. Jehudah saith, "If the carrion was not such [if the beast had not died] on the Sabbath-eve [or before], it must not be cut up; because [in that case] it is not [part] of what has been provided [for the necessary consumption of the Sabbath]. מחתכין את הדלועין לפני הבהמה, ואת הנבלה לפני הכלבים.רבי יהודה אומר, אם לא היתה נבלה מערב שבת, אסורה, לפי שאינה מן המוכן. A man may annul [disallow] vows [of his wife or daughter], on the Sabbath, and consult [a sage] as to vows [relating to objects required] for the Sabbath. Window light may be shut out by blinds; a piece of stuff may be measured, and also a ‏mikveh‎. It happened in the days of R. Zadock's father, and of Abbah Saul, that they closed a window with an earthen vessel, and then tied another vessel to a pole with withies, in order to ascertain whether, in a covered vessel [that stood on a kennel between two houses] there was an opening one hand high or not. Thence we learn that [in certain cases] it may become permitted to stop up [close], to measure, and to tie, on the Sabbath. מפירין נדרים בשבת, ונשאלין לדברים שהן לצרך השבת.פוקקין את המאור, ומודדין את המטלית
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