Mishnah Niddah.5.6 משנה נדה
For a Caesarean section the mother doesnt sit days of impurity and purity and she is not liable to bring a sacrifice. Rabbi Shimon says it is like a regular birth. All women become impure from the outer chamber as it says (Leviticus 15) "blood will be her Zavah from within her flesh". But a Zav and a Baal Keri do not become impure until their impurity leaves them. יוצא דפן, אין יושבין עליו ימי טמאה וימי טהרה, ואין חיבין עליו קרבן.רבי שמעון אומר, הרי זה כילוד.כל הנשים מטמאות בבית החיצון, שנאמר (ויקרא טו), דם יהיה זבה בבשרה.אבל הזב ובעל קרי, אינן מטמאים, עד שתצא טמאתן לחוץ. If he was eating Terumah and he felt his limbs start to shake he should hold his member and swallow the Terumah. One becomes impure from any minute amount even as small as a mustard seed or smaller. היה אוכל בתרומה והרגיש שנזדעזעו אבריו, אוחז באמה ובולע את התרומה.ומטמאים בכל שהוא, אפלו כעין החרדל ובפחות מכן. A one day old baby girl can become impure like a Niddah. Once she is ten days old she can become a zivah. A baby boy one day old can become impure as a zav or with tzara'at or by touching a dead body, and can make a woman eligible for Yibbum or exempt her from Yibbum. He can allow a woman to eat Terumah or prevent a woman from eating Terumah. He can accept a portion of his fathers estate and pass on a portion, one who kills him is liable, and he is like a full person to his parents and his relatives. תינוקת בת יום אחד, מטמאה בנדה.בת עשרה ימים, מטמאה בזיבה.תינוק בן יום אחד, מטמא בזיבה, ומטמא בנגעים, ומטמא בטמא מת, וזוקק ליבום, ופוטר מן היבום, ומאכיל בתרומה, ופוסל מן התרומה, ונוחל, ומנחיל, וההורגו חיב , והרי הוא לאביו ולאמו ולכל קרוביו כחתן שלם . A girl three years and one day old can be married through relations and if a Yavam slept with her he has acquired her. One is liable for sleeping with a married woman because of her and she can make one who sleeps with her impure to make lower layers impure like upper layers he sits on. If she married a priest she can eat Terumah. If someone invalid slept with her she becomes invalid for priests. If any of the illicit relatives stated in the Torah slept with her they are put to death but she is exempt. If she is younger than that it is like putting a finger in an eye. בת שלש שנים ויום אחד, מתקדשת בביאה.ואם בא עליה יבם, קנאה.וחיבין עליה משום אשת איש, ומטמאה את בועלה לטמא משכב תחתון כעליון.נשאת לכהן, תאכל בתרומה.בא עליה אחד מן הפסולים, פסלה מן הכהנה.בא עליה אחד מכל העריות האמורות בתורה, מומתין על ידה, והיא פטורה.פחות מכן, כנותן אצבע בעין. A boy aged nine years and one day who comes upon [his brother's widow], he acquires her. And he need not give her a divorce document, until he grows up. בן תשע שנים ויום אחד שבא על יבמתו , קנאה.ואינו נותן גט, עד שיגדיל.ומטמא בנדה, לטמא משכב תחתון כעליון, ופוסל, ואינו מאכיל בתרומה, ופוסל את הבהמה מעל גבי המזבח, ונסקלת על ידו.ואם בא על אחת מכל העריות האמורות בתורה, מומתים על ידו, והוא פטור. A girl aged eleven years and one day, her vows are checked. A girl aged twelve years and one day, her vows stand, and we check for the whole age of twelve. A boy aged twelve years and one day, his vows are checked. A boy aged thirteen years and one day, his vows stand, and we check for the whole age of thirteen. Preceding this time, even if they said, we know in whose name we vowed, and whose name we sanctified, their vows are not vows and their sanctifications are not sacred. After this time, even if they say, we don't know in whose name we vowed, and in whose name we sanctified, their vows are vows and their sanctifications are sacred. בת אחת עשרה שנה ויום אחד, נדריה נבדקין.בת שתים עשרה שנה ויום אחד, נדריה קימין.ובודקין כל שתים עשרה .בן שתים עשרה שנה ויום אחד , נדריו נבדקים.בן שלש עשרה שנה ויום אחד, נדריו קימין.ובודקין כל שלש עשרה.קדם לזמן הזה, אף על פי שאמרו יודעין אנו לשם מי נדרנו, לשם מי הקדשנו, אין נדריהם נדר ואין הקדשן הקדש.לאחר הזמן הזה, אף על פי שאמרו אין אנו יודעין לשם מי נדרנו, לשם מי הקדשנו, נדרן נדר והקדשן הקדש. The sages spoke of a woman in a parable: an unripe fig, a fig in its early ripening stage and a ripe fig. "An unripe fig": while she is yet a child; "A fig in its early ripening stage": when she is in her youth. For both of them her father is entitled to anything she finds and to her handiwork and to the right to annul her vows. "A ripe fig"— as soon as she becomes of majority age, her father has no longer any right over her. משל משלו חכמים באשה, פגה, בחל, וצמל.פגה, עודה תינוקת.בחל, אלו ימי נעוריה.בזו ובזו, אביה זכאי במציאתה ובמעשה ידיה ובהפרת נדריה.צמל, כיון שבגרה, שוב אין לאביה רשות בה. What are her signs? Rabbi Yose the Galilean says: the appearance of the wrinkle beneath the breast. Rabbi Akiva says: from when the breasts hang down. Ben Azzai says: the darkening of the ring around the nipple. Rabbi Yose says: [the development of the breast to a stage] when one's hand is put on the nipple it sinks and only slowly rises again. איזהו סימניה, רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר, משיעלה הקמט תחת הדד.רבי עקיבא אומר, משיטו הדדים.בן עזאי אומר, משישחיר הפטומת.רבי יוסי אומר.כדי שיהא נותן ידו על העקץ והוא שוקע ושוהא לחזור. A woman of twenty who did not bring forth two hairs, she must bring evidence that she is twenty years of age and she is an aylonit, she doesn't perform halitzah or levirate marriage. A man of twenty years who did not bring forth two hairs, he must bring evidence that he is twenty years old and he is a eunuch and he doesn't perform halitzah or levirate marriage, the words of Bet Hillel. Bet Shammai says: both this one and that one at the age of eighteen. Rabbi Eliezer says: In the case of the male, according to the words of Bet Hillel, while in that of the female, in accordance with the words of Bet Shammai, since a woman matures earlier than a man. בת עשרים שנה שלא הביאה שתי שערות, תביא ראיה שהיא בת עשרים שנה, והיא אילונית, לא חולצת ולא מתיבמת.בן עשרים שנה שלא הביא שתי שערות, יביא ראיה שהוא בן עשרים שנה, והוא סריס, לא חולץ ולא מיבם, אלו דברי בית הלל.בית שמאי אומרים, זה וזה בני שמונה עשרה.רבי אליעזר אומר, הזכר כדברי בית הלל , והנקבה כדברי בית שמאי, שהאשה ממהרת לבוא לפני האיש.
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