Mishnah Chullin 7:1 משנה חולין
[The prohibition against eating] the sciatic nerve applies in the land [of Israel] and outside of the land, during the time of the Temple and not during the time of the Temple, for chulin [animals or food permitted for general consumption] and for mukdashim [animals or food which are holy and not available for general consumption]. And it applies to domesticated and wild animals, for the right thigh and the left thigh. But it does not apply to a bird since it does not have a spoon [shaped hip]. And it applies to a fetus. Rabbi Yehuda says, "It does not apply for a fetus. And its chelev [fats around the stomach, intestines, and kidneys of some animals which are forbidden for eating] is permissible." "And the butchers are not believed regarding [the removal] of the sciatic nerve," in the words of Rabbi Meir. But the Sages say, "They are believed about it and about chelev." גיד הנשה נוהג בארץ ובחוצה לארץ, בפני הבית ושלא בפני הבית, בחלין ובמקדשים. ונוהג בבהמה ובחיה, בירך של ימין ובירך של שמאל. ואינו נוהג בעוף, מפני שאין לו כף. ונוהג בשליל. רבי יהודה אומר: אינו נוהג בשליל. וחלבו מתר. ואין הטבחין נאמנין על גיד הנשה, דברי רבי מאיר. וחכמים אומרים: נאמנין עליו ועל החלב. A person [may] send a thigh to a non-Jew with the sciatic nerve inside of it, since its location is recognized. One who removes the sciatic nerve needs to remove all of it. Rabbi Yehuda says, "In order to fulfill the commandment of removal." שולח אדם ירך לנכרי שגיד הנשה בתוכה, מפני שמקומו נכר. הנוטל גיד הנשה צריך שיטול את כלו. רבי יהודה אומר: כדי לקים בו מצות נטילה. One who eats an olive-sized [volume] from the sciatic nerve receives forty [lashes]. [If] he ate from it but it did not have an olive-sized [volume], he is liable. [If] he ate from this one an olive size and from this an olive size, he receives eighty [lashes]. Rabbi Yehuda says, "He only receives forty." האוכל מגיד הנשה כזית, סופג ארבעים. אכלו ואין בו כזית, חיב. אכל מזה כזית ומזה כזית, סופג שמונים. רבי יהודה אומר: אינו סופג אלא ארבעים. A thigh in which the sciatic nerve was cooked, if it has [enough] to give flavor [to the thigh], this [thigh] is forbidden. How do we measure it? Like meat [cooked] with a turnip. ירך שנתבשל בה גיד הנשה, אם יש בה בנותן טעם, הרי זו אסורה. כיצד משערין אותה, כבשר בלפת. A sciatic nerve that was cooked with other nerves, at a time when one [still] recognizes it, [the standard for forbidding] is when it gives flavor. If [it is] not [recognized], all of it is forbidden. And [in] broth, when it gives flavor. And so too with a piece of a nevelah [an improperly slaughtered animal of a permitted species], and so too with a piece of prohibited fish which was cooked with [other] pieces: at a time when one recognized them, [the standard] is when it gives flavor; and if [it is] not [recognized], they are all forbidden. And for the broth [the standard] is when it gives flavor. גיד הנשה שנתבשל עם הגידים, בזמן שמכירו בנותן טעם, ואם לאו כלן אסורים. והרטב בנותן טעם. וכן חתיכה של נבלה וכן חתיכה של דג טמא שנתבשלו עם החתיכות, בזמן שמכירן בנותן טעם, ואם לאו כלן אסורות. והרטב בנותן טעם. [The prohibition against eating the sciatic nerve] applies for permitted [animals] but does not apply for prohibited ones. Rabbi Yehuda says, "Even for prohibited ones." Said Rabbi Yehuda,"For from the [time of] the sons of Ya'akov the sciatic nerve was forbidden, and prohibited animals were still permitted to them." They said to him, "[The prohibition] was stated at Sinai, but it was written [about] in its place." נוהג בטהורה, ואינו נוהג בטמאה. רבי יהודה אומר: אף בטמאה. אמר רבי יהודה: והלא מבני יעקב נאסר גיד הנשה, ועדין בהמה טמאה מתרת להן. אמרו לו: בסיני נאמר, אלא שנכתב במקומו.
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