🔊61 ליקוטי אמרים: פרק יט-1

(א) וּלְתוֹסֶפֶת בֵּיאוּר, צָרִיךְ לְבָאֵר הֵיטֵב מַה שֶּׁכָּתוּב: ״נֵר ה׳ נִשְׁמַת אָדָם״.

(ב) פֵּירוּשׁ, שֶׁיִּשְׂרָאֵל הַקְּרוּיִם ״אָדָם״, נִשְׁמָתָם הִיא, לְמָשָׁל, כְּאוֹר הַנֵּר שֶׁמִּתְנַעְנֵעַ תָּמִיד לְמַעְלָה בְּטִבְעוֹ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאוֹר הָאֵשׁ חָפֵץ בְּטֶבַע, לִיפָּרֵד מֵהַפְּתִילָה וְלִידָּבֵק בְּשָׁרְשׁוֹ לְמַעְלָה בִּיסוֹד הָאֵשׁ הַכְּלָלִי שֶׁתַּחַת גַּלְגַּל הַיָּרֵחַ, כְּמוֹ שֶׁכָּתוּב בְּעֵץ חַיִּים.

(ג) וְאַף שֶׁעַל יְדֵי זֶה יִכְבֶּה וְלֹא יָאִיר כְּלוּם לְמַטָּה, וְגַם לְמַעְלָה – בְּשָׁרְשׁוֹ, יִתְבַּטֵּל אוֹרוֹ בִּמְצִיאוּת בְּשָׁרְשׁוֹ, אַף־עַל־פִּי־כֵן, בְּכָךְ הוּא חָפֵץ בְּטִבְעוֹ.

(ד) כָּךְ נִשְׁמַת הָ״אָדָם״, וְכֵן בְּחִינַת רוּחַ וָנֶפֶשׁ, חֶפְצָהּ וְחֶשְׁקָהּ בְּטִבְעָהּ לִיפָּרֵד וְלָצֵאת מִן הַגּוּף וְלִידָּבֵק בְּשָׁרְשָׁהּ וּמְקוֹרָהּ – בַּה׳ חַיֵּי הַחַיִּים בָּרוּךְ־הוּא; הֲגַם שֶׁתִּהְיֶה אַיִן וָאֶפֶס וְתִתְבַּטֵּל שָׁם בִּמְצִיאוּת לְגַמְרֵי, וְלֹא יִשָּׁאֵר מִמֶּנָּה מְאוּמָה מִמַּהוּתָהּ וְעַצְמוּתָהּ הָרִאשׁוֹן, אַף־עַל־פִּי־כֵן, זֶה רְצוֹנָהּ וְחֶפְצָהּ בְּטִבְעָהּ.

(ה) וְטֶבַע זֶה הוּא שֵׁם הַמּוּשְׁאָל לְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ בִּבְחִינַת טַעַם וָדַעַת.

(ו) וְגַם כָּאן, הַכַּוָּונָה, שֶׁרָצוֹן וְחֵפֶץ זֶה בַּנֶּפֶשׁ אֵינוֹ בִּבְחִינַת טַעַם וָדַעַת וְשֵׂכֶל מוּשָּׂג וּמוּבָן, אֶלָּא לְמַעְלָה מֵהַדַּעַת וְשֵׂכֶל הַמּוּשָּׂג וְהַמּוּבָן, וְהִיא בְּחִינַת חָכְמָה שֶׁבַּנֶּפֶשׁ שֶׁבָּהּ אוֹר־אֵין־סוֹף בָּרוּךְ־הוּא.

(1) To elucidate still further, it is necessary to clarify the meaning of the verse, “The candle of G–d is the soul (neshamah) of man.”1 Proverbs 20:27.

(2) What it means is that the souls of Jews, who are called “man,”2 Yevamot 61a. are, by way of illustration, like the flame of the candle, whose nature it is always to flicker upward, for the flame of the fire intrinsically seeks to be parted from the wick in order to unite with its source above in the universal element of fire which is in the sublunar sphere, as is explained in Etz Chaim.

(3) And although it would thereby be extinguished and emit no light at all below, and even above, in its source, its light would be nullified, nevertheless this is what it seeks in accordance with its nature.

(4) In like manner does the neshamah of man, including the quality of ruach and nefesh, naturally desire and yearn to separate itself and depart from the body in order to unite with its origin and source in G–d, the Fountainhead of life, blessed is He, though thereby it would become null and void, completely losing its entity therein, with nothing remaining of its former essence and being.3 This passage does not mean extinction of the soul, only its cessation as a distinct entity. Nevertheless, this is its will and desire by its nature.

(5) “Nature” is an applied term for anything that is not in the realm of reason and comprehension.

(6) In our case, too, the inference is that this will and desire of the soul are not within the realm of reason, knowledge, and intelligence that can be grasped and understood but beyond graspable and comprehensible knowledge and intelligence, for this nature stems from the faculty of chochmah found in the soul, wherein abides the light of the En Sof, blessed is He.