Teshuvah: Step 1

(א) כָּל מִצְוֹת שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה בֵּין עֲשֵׂה בֵּין לֹא תַּעֲשֶׂה אִם עָבַר אָדָם עַל אַחַת מֵהֶן בֵּין בְּזָדוֹן בֵּין בִּשְׁגָגָה כְּשֶׁיַּעֲשֶׂה תְּשׁוּבָה וְיָשׁוּב מֵחֶטְאוֹ חַיָּב לְהִתְוַדּוֹת לִפְנֵי הָאֵל בָּרוּךְ הוּא שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר ה ו) "אִישׁ אוֹ אִשָּׁה כִּי יַעֲשׂוּ" וְגוֹ' (במדבר ה ז) "וְהִתְוַדּוּ אֶת חַטָּאתָם אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ" זֶה וִדּוּי דְּבָרִים. וִדּוּי זֶה מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה.

כֵּיצַד מִתְוַדִּין. אוֹמֵר אָנָּא הַשֵּׁם חָטָאתִי עָוִיתִי פָּשַׁעְתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ וְעָשִׂיתִי כָּךְ וְכָךְ וַהֲרֵי נִחַמְתִּי וּבֹשְׁתִּי בְּמַעֲשַׂי וּלְעוֹלָם אֵינִי חוֹזֵר לְדָבָר זֶה. וְזֶהוּ עִקָּרוֹ שֶׁל וִדּוּי. וְכָל הַמַּרְבֶּה לְהִתְוַדּוֹת וּמַאֲרִיךְ בְּעִנְיָן זֶה הֲרֵי זֶה מְשֻׁבָּח.

וְכֵן בַּעֲלֵי חַטָּאוֹת וַאֲשָׁמוֹת בְּעֵת שֶׁמְּבִיאִין קָרְבְּנוֹתֵיהֶן עַל שִׁגְגָתָן אוֹ עַל זְדוֹנָן אֵין מִתְכַּפֵּר לָהֶן בְּקָרְבָּנָם עַד שֶׁיַּעֲשׂוּ תְּשׁוּבָה וְיִתְוַדּוּ וִדּוּי דְּבָרִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ה ה) "וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עָלֶיהָ". וְכֵן כָּל מְחֻיְּבֵי מִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וּמְחֻיְּבֵי מַלְקוֹת אֵין מִתְכַּפֵּר לָהֶן בְּמִיתָתָן אוֹ בִּלְקִיָּתָן עַד שֶׁיַּעֲשׂוּ תְּשׁוּבָה וְיִתְוַדּוּ. וְכֵן הַחוֹבֵל בַּחֲבֵרוֹ וְהַמַּזִּיק מָמוֹנוֹ אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁשִּׁלֵּם לוֹ מַה שֶּׁהוּא חַיָּב לוֹ אֵינוֹ מִתְכַּפֵּר עַד שֶׁיִּתְוַדֶּה וְיָשׁוּב מִלַּעֲשׂוֹת כָּזֶה לְעוֹלָם שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר ה ו) "מִכָּל חַטֹּאת הָאָדָם":

(1) All the commandments of the Torah - both the things you are to do and the things you are not to do - if a person violates any one of them, either intentionally or by mistake, whenever they do teshuvah turn away from their sinful ways, they are obligated to confess before God, the Blessed One! As it is says: "When a man or woman shall commit any sin..… Then they shall confess the sin which they have done.." (Num. 5.6–7), This means a verbal confession. So confession is a mandatory commandment.

How do we confess? One says: "Please, God: I have sinned! I have transgressed! I have committed crimes against You!

And I have done ____ and ____.

Now, behold! I regret it and am ashamed of my actions, and I will never do this again. This is the essence of the confession. Although the more one elaborates on the confession, the better.

Likewise, anyone who brings a sin-offering or guilt-offerings, when they bring their sacrifices, whether for a mistaken or intentional transgression, they cannot achieve atonement until they have done teshuvah and confessed, as it is said: "When someone realizes their guilt, they shall confess that he have sinned in that thing. And they will bring their guilt offering." (Lev. 5:5)

So, too, anyone who has been sentenced to death or lashes, they cannot achieve atonement either in their death or in being lashed unless they do teshuvah and confess.

So, too, someone who injures their friend or causes them financial loss, even tough they makes restitution for what they owe, finds no atonement, unless they confess and repent, pledging to never to repeat this again, as is said: "Any sin that person commits" (Num. 5.6).1Sifra, Lev. 5; Yoma, 36b; Shebu’ot, 13a; Sanhedrin, 43a; Baba Kama, 92b.C.

(ב) שָׂעִיר הַמִּשְׁתַּלֵּחַ לְפִי שֶׁהוּא כַּפָּרָה עַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל מִתְוַדֶּה עָלָיו עַל לְשׁוֹן כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא טז כא) "וְהִתְוַדָּה עָלָיו אֶת כָּל עֲוֹנֹת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל".

(2) The Azazel-goat, because it is atoning for all Israel, the High-Priest confesses over it in the speech of all Israel, even as it is said: "And confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel" (Lev. 16.21).

אֱלֹקֵֽינוּ וֵאלֹקֵי אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ תָּבֹא לְפָנֶֽיךָ תְּפִלָּתֵֽנוּ, וְאַל תִּתְעַלַּם מִתְּחִנָּתֵֽנוּ שֶׁאֵין אֲנַֽחְנוּ עַזֵּי פָנִים וּקְשֵׁי עֹֽרֶף לוֹמַר לְפָנֶֽיךָ ה' אֱלֹקֵֽינוּ וֵאלֹקֵי אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ צַדִּיקִים אֲנַֽחְנוּ וְלֹא חָטָֽאנוּ אֲבָל אֲנַֽחְנוּ וַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ חָטָֽאנוּ:

אָשַֽׁמְנוּ. בָּגַֽדְנוּ. גָּזַֽלְנוּ. דִּבַּֽרְנוּ דֹּֽפִי. הֶעֱוִֽינוּ. וְהִרְשַֽׁעְנוּ. זַֽדְנוּ. חָמַֽסְנוּ. טָפַֽלְנוּ שֶֽׁקֶר. יָעַֽצְנוּ רָע. כִּזַּֽבְנוּ. לַֽצְנוּ. מָרַֽדְנוּ. נִאַֽצְנוּ. סָרַֽרְנוּ. עָוִֽינוּ. פָּשַֽׁעְנוּ. צָרַֽרְנוּ. קִשִּֽׁינוּ עֹֽרֶף. רָשַֽׁעְנוּ. שִׁחַֽתְנוּ. תִּעַֽבְנוּ. תָּעִֽינוּ. תִּעְתָּֽעְנוּ:

סַֽרְנוּ מִמִּצְוֹתֶֽיךָ וּמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ הַטּוֹבִים וְלֹא שָֽׁוָה לָֽנוּ. וְאַתָּה צַדִּיק עַל כָּל הַבָּא עָלֵֽינוּ. כִּי אֱמֶת עָשִֽׂיתָ וַאֲנַֽחְנוּ הִרְשָֽׁעְנוּ:

מַה נֹּאמַר לְפָנֶֽיךָ יוֹשֵׁב מָרוֹם. וּמַה נְּסַפֵּר לְפָנֶֽיךָ שׁוֹכֵן שְׁחָקִים. הֲלֹא כָּל הַנִּסְתָּרוֹת וְהַנִּגְלוֹת אַתָּה יוֹדֵֽעַ:

אַתָּה יוֹדֵֽעַ רָזֵי עוֹלָם. וְתַעֲלוּמוֹת סִתְרֵי כָל חָי: אַתָּה חוֹפֵשׂ כָּל חַדְרֵי בָֽטֶן וּבוֹחֵן כְּלָיוֹת וָלֵב: אֵין דָּבָר נֶעְלָם מִמֶּֽךָּ. וְאֵין נִסְתָּר מִנֶּֽגֶד עֵינֶֽיךָ:

וּבְכֵן יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶֽיךָ ה' אֱלֹקֵֽינוּ וֵאלֹקֵי אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ. שֶׁתְּכַפֵּר לָֽנוּ עַל כָּל חַטֹּאתֵֽינוּ. וְתִסְלַח לָֽנוּ עַל כָּל עֲו‍ֹנוֹתֵֽינוּ. וּתִמְחָל לָֽנוּ עַל כָּל פְּשָׁעֵֽינוּ:

(סט) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּאֹֽנֶס וּבְרָצוֹן:

(ע) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּאִמּוּץ הַלֵּב:

(עא) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּבְלִי דָֽעַת:

(עב) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּבִטּוּי שְׂפָתָֽיִם:

(עג) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּגָלוּי וּבַסָּֽתֶר:

(עד) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּגִלּוּי עֲרָיוֹת:

(עה) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּדִבּוּר פֶּה:

(עו) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּדַעַת וּבְמִרְמָה:

(עז) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּהַרְהוֹר הַלֵּב:

(עח) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּהוֹנָֽאַת רֵֽעַ:

(עט) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּוִדּוּי פֶּה:

(פ) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּוְעִידַת זְנוּת:

(פא) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּזָדוֹן וּבִשְׁגָגָה:

(פב) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּזִלְזוּל הוֹרִים וּמוֹרִים:

(פג) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּחֹֽזֶק יָד:

(פד) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּחִלּוּל הַשֵּׁם:

(פה) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּטִפְשׁוּת פֶּה:

(פו) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּטֻמְאַת שְׂפָתָֽיִם:

(פז) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּיֵֽצֶר הָרָע:

(פח) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּיוֹדְעִים וּבְלֹא יוֹדְעִים:

(פט) וְעַל כֻּלָּם אֱלֽוֹקַּ סְלִיחוֹת. סְלַח לָֽנוּ. מְחַל לָֽנוּ. כַּפֶּר לָֽנוּ:

(צ) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּכַפַּת שֹֽׁחַד:

(צא) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּכַֽחַשׁ וּבְכָזָב:

(צב) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּלָשׁוֹן הָרָע:

(צג) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּלָצוֹן:

(צד) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּמַשָּׂא וּבְמַתָּן:

(צה) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּמַאֲכָל וּבְמִשְׁתֶּה:

(צו) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּנֶֽשֶׁךְ וּבְמַרְבִּית:

(צז) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּנְטִיַּת גָּרוֹן:

(צח) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּשִׂקּוּר עָֽיִן:

(צט) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּשִֽׂיחַ שִׂפְתוֹתֵֽינוּ:

(ק) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּעֵינַֽיִם רָמוֹת:

(קא) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּעַזּוּת מֶֽצַח:

(קב) וְעַל כֻּלָּם אֱלֽוֹקַּ סְלִיחוֹת. סְלַח לָֽנוּ. מְחַל לָֽנוּ. כַּפֶּר לָֽנוּ:

(קג) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּפְרִֽיקַת עֹל:

(קד) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּפְלִילוּת:

(קה) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּצְדִיַּת רֵֽעַ:

(קו) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּצָרוּת עָֽיִן:

(קז) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּקַלּוּת רֹאשׁ:

(קח) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּקַשְׁיוּת עֹֽרֶף:

(קט) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּרִיצַת רַגְלַֽיִם לְהָרַע:

(קי) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּרְכִילוּת:

(קיא) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּשְׁבֽוּעַת שָׁוְא:

(קיב) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּשִׂנְאַת חִנָּם:

(קיג) עַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בִּתְשֽׂוּמֶת יָד:

(קיד) וְעַל חֵטְא שֶׁחָטָֽאנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ בְּתִמְהוֹן לֵבָב:

(קיה) וְעַל כֻּלָּם אֱלֽוֹקַּ סְלִיחוֹת. סְלַח לָֽנוּ. מְחַל לָֽנוּ. כַּפֶּר לָֽנוּ:

(קיו) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם עוֹלָה:

(קיז) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם חַטָּאת:

(קיח) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם קָרְבַּן עוֹלֶה וְיוֹרֵד:

(קיט) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם אָשָׁם וַדַּאי וְתָלוּי:

(קכ) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם מַכַּת מַרְדּוּת:

(קכא) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם מַלְקוּת אַרְבָּעִים:

(קכב) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם מִיתָה בִּידֵי שָׁמָֽיִם:

(קכג) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם כָּרֵת וַעֲרִירִי:

(קכד) וְעַל חֲטָאִים שֶׁאָֽנוּ חַיָּבִים עֲלֵיהֶם אַרְבַּע מִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין. סְקִילָה. שְׂרֵפָה. הֶֽרֶג. וְחֶֽנֶק.

(קכה) עַל מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה וְעַל מִצְוַת לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה. בֵּין שֶׁיֶּשׁ בָּהּ קוּם עֲשֵׂה. וּבֵין שֶׁאֵין בָּהּ קוּם עֲשֵׂה.

(קכו) אֶת הַגְּלוּיִים לָֽנוּ וְאֶת שֶׁאֵינָם גְּלוּיִים לָֽנוּ. אֶת הַגְּלוּיִים לָֽנוּ כְּבָר אֲמַרְנוּם לְפָנֶֽיךָ. וְהוֹדִֽינוּ לְךָ עֲלֵיהֶם. וְאֶת שֶׁאֵינָם גְּלוּיִם לָֽנוּ לְפָנֶֽיךָ הֵם גְּלוּיִים וִידוּעִים. כַּדָּבָר שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר הַנִּסְתָּרֹת לַה' אֱלֹקֵֽינוּ. וְהַנִּגְלֹת לָֽנוּ וּלְבָנֵֽינוּ עַד עוֹלָם. לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת כָּל דִּבְרֵי הַתּוֹרָה הַזֹּאת:

כִּי אַתָּה סָלְחָן לְיִשְׂרָאֵל וּמָחֳלָן לְשִׁבְטֵי יְשֻׁרוּן בְּכָל דּוֹר וָדוֹר וּמִבַּלְעָדֶֽיךָ אֵין לָֽנוּ מֶֽלֶךְ מוֹחֵל וְסוֹלֵֽחַ אֶלָּא אָֽתָּה:

Our God and God of our ancestors, let our prayer come before you and do not ignore our supplication. For we are not so brazen-faced and stiff-necked to say to you, Adonoy, our God, and God of our ancestors, “We are righteous and have not sinned.” But, indeed, we and our ancestors have sinned.

We have trespassed; We have betrayed; We have stolen; We have slandered. We have caused others to sin; We have caused others to commit sins for which they are called רְשָׁעִים, wicked; We have sinned with malicious intent; We have forcibly taken others' possessions even though we paid for them; We have added falsehood upon falsehood; We have joined with evil individuals or groups; We have given harmful advice; We have deceived; we have mocked; We have rebelled against God and His Torah; We have caused God to be angry with us; We have turned away from God's Torah; We have sinned deliberately; We have been negligent in our performance of the commandments; We have caused our friends grief; We have been stiff-necked, refusing to admit that our suffering is caused by our own sins. We have committed sins for which we are called רָשָׁע, [raising a hand to hit someone]. We have committed sins which are the result of moral corruption; We have committed sins which the Torah refers to as abominations; We have gone astray; We have led others astray.

We have turned away from Your commandments and from Your good laws, and we have gained nothing from it. And You are the Righteous One in all [punishment] that has come upon us; for You have acted truthfully and we have acted wickedly.

What shall we say before You, Who dwells on high; and what shall we relate to You Who dwells in the heavens? For everything, both hidden and revealed, You know.

You know the mysteries of the universe, and the hidden secrets of every individual. You search all our innermost thoughts, and probe our mind and heart. There is nothing hidden from You, and there is nothing concealed from Your sight.

And so may it be Your will Adonoy our God and God of our fathers, that You pardon us for all our careless sins, and that You forgive us for all our deliberate sins, and that You grant us atonement for all our rebellious sins:

(69) For the sin we committed before You under compulsion and willingly.

(70) And for the sin we committed before You by callously hardening the heart.

(71) For the sin we committed before You inadvertently.

(72) And for the sin we committed before You with an utterance of the lips.

(73) For the sin we committed before You openly and secretly

(74) And for the sin we committed before You in sexual immorality.

(75) For the sin we committed before You through [misuse of our power of] speech.

(76) And for the sin we committed before You with knowledge and with deceit.

(77) For the sin we committed before You by improper thoughts.

(78) And for the sin we committed before You by cheating a fellow-man.

(79) For the sin we committed before You with [mere] verbal confession.

(80) And for the sin we committed before You by joining in a lewd gathering.

(81) For the sin we committed before You intentionally and unintentionally.

(82) And for the sin we committed before You by insufficient respect for parents and teachers.

(83) For the sin we committed before You by using coercion [to harm others].

(84) And for the sin we committed before You by desecrating the Divine Name.

(85) For the sin we committed before You with foolish talk.

(86) And for the sin we committed before You with impurity of the lips.

(87) For the sin we committed before You with the Evil Inclination.

(88) And for the sin we committed before You knowingly and unknowingly.

(89) And for all of these, God of pardon, pardon us, forgive us, grant us atonement.

(90) For the sin we committed before You by forcing someone to give or take bribes.

(91) And for the sin we committed before You by false denial and false promise.

(92) For the sin we committed before You by evil talk [slander].

(93) And for the sin we committed before You by scoffing.

(94) For the sin we committed before You in business dealings.

(95) And for the sin we committed before You in eating and drinking.

(96) For the sin we committed before You by [taking or giving] interest and by usury.

(97) And for the sin we committed before You by haughtily stretching forth the neck.

(98) For the sin we committed before You with gazing of the eyes.

(99) And for the sin we committed before You by the prattle of our lips.

(100) For the sin we committed before You with haughty eyes.

(101) And for the sin we committed before You with impudence.

(102) And for all of these, God of pardon, pardon us, forgive us, grant us atonement.

(103) For the sin we committed before You by throwing off the yoke [of heaven].

(104) And for the sin we committed before You in passing judgment.

(105) For the sin we committed before You by entrapping a fellowman.

(106) And for the sin we committed before You by a begrudging eye.

(107) For the sin we committed before You by lightmindedness.

(108) And for the sin we committed before You by being stiff-necked [stubborn].

(109) For the sin we committed before You by running to do evil.

(110) And for the sin we committed before You by talebearing.

(111) For the sin we committed before You by swearing in vain.

(112) And for the sin we committed before You by unwarranted hatred.

(113) For the sin we committed before You by breach of trust.

(114) And for the sin we committed before You by a confused heart.

(115) And for all of these, God of pardon, pardon us, forgive us, grant us atonement.

(116) And for sins for which we are obligated to bring a burnt-offering.

(117) And for sins for which we are obligated to bring a sin-offering.

(118) And for sins for which we are obligated to bring a “fluctuating” offering.

(119) And for sins for which we are obligated to bring a guilt-offering for certain or for doubtful trespasses.

(120) And for sins for which we incur the penalty of lashing for violations of Rabbinic law.

(121) And for sins for which we incur the penalty of forty lashes.

(122) And for sins for which we incur the penalty of death at the hand of Heaven.

(123) And for sins for which we incur the penalty of excision and childlessness.

(124) And for sins for which we are liable to any of the four death penalties inflicted by the [Rabbinic] Court [which are]: stoning, burning, beheading or strangulation.

(125) For [transgressing] positive commandments, and for [transgressing] prohibitive commandments, whether the prohibition can be corrected by a specifically prescribed act, or whether it cannot be corrected by a specifically prescribed act,

(126) for those of which we are aware and for those of which we are not aware. For those of which we are aware, we have already declared before You and confessed them unto You; and those of which we are not aware, before You they are revealed and known, as it is said, “The hidden things belong to the Eternal, our God, but the revealed things are for us and for our children forever, that we might fulfill all the words of this Torah.”(Devarim 29:28).

For You are the Pardoner of Yisrael, and the Forgiver of the tribes of Yeshurun in every generation, and beside You, we have no King Who forgives and pardons—only You!