(42) Let us describe the great holiness of this day, for it is awesome and frightening. On this day, Your Kingship is uplifted,7His Kingship is uplifted through our saying of “מַלְכֻיּוֹת—זִכְרוֹנוֹת—שׁוֹפָרוֹת” and the sounding of the shofar. and Your throne is established with kindness,8Hashem rules with kindness. and You sit upon it in truth.9See Yeshaya 16:5. Truth in this sense might refer to Hashem’s permanence (Metsudas Dovid) or to Hashem’s love of truth (Malbim). True that You are judge, admonisher, knower and witness; and You inscribe, seal, record and count, and recall all forgotten things.10Forgotten things refer only to things we may have forgotten, for there is no forgetfulness before Hashem. You open the book of records and it reads of itself; and the signature of every man is in it. A great shofar is sounded, and a silent, gentle voice is heard; and the angels are alarmed, pangs of fear and trembling seize them,11See Job 4:18, “הֵן בַּעֲבָדָיו לֹא יַאֲמִין וּבְמַלְאָכָיו יָשִׂים תָּהָלָה” Behold! He puts no trust in His servants, and His angels, He charges with foolishness.” and they declare, “behold the Day of Judgment.” The heavenly host is arraigned in judgment, for they are not guiltless in Your eyes in judgment.12See Job 15:16, “הֵן בִּקְדוֹשָׁיו לֹא יַאֲמִין וְשָׁמַיִם לֹא זַכּוּ בְעֵינָיו” Behold! “He puts no trust in His holy ones, and even those in the heavens [angels] are not guiltless in His eyes.” All mankind pass before You like young sheep.13See Mishnah, Maseches Rosh Hashana 1:2. “All mankind passes before Hashem to be judged individually, like young sheep who pass through a small opening in the corral as they are counted for tithing. Bartenura As a shepherd inspects his flock, making his sheep pass under his rod, so do You cause to pass, count, number, and review the soul of every living being, determining the life-span of every creature; and You record the decree of their judgment.