The Rabbis taught: When Rabbi Yossi ben Kisma fell ill, Rabbi Ḥanina ben Teradyon went to visit him.
Rabbi Yosei ben Kisma said to him: Ḥanina, my brother, do you not know that this nation has been given a Heavenly mandate to rule? For they have destroyed God’s Temple, and burned God's Sanctuary, and killed God's pious ones, and destroyed God's best people, and yet still they thrive. And yet I heard about you that you sit and engage in Torah study, [and gather assemblies in public,] and have a Torah scroll placed in your lap [in violation of Roman decree].
Rabbi Ḥanina ben Teradyon said to him: Heaven will have mercy and protect me. Rabbi Yosei ben Kisma said to him: I am speaking reason to you, and you say to me: "Heaven will have mercy"? I wonder if the Romans will not burn both you and your Torah scroll by fire...
They say that just a few days later, Rabbi Yosei ben Kisma died, and all of the Roman notables went to bury him, and they eulogized him with a great eulogy.
Upon their return, they found Rabbi Ḥanina ben Teradyon, who was sitting and engaging in Torah study and gathering assemblies in public, with a Torah scroll placed in his lap. They seized him, and wrapped him in the Torah scroll, and encircled him with bundles of branches, and they set fire to it. And they brought tufts of wool and soaked them in water, and placed them on his heart, so that he would not die quickly.