On Sources 1 and 2, what differences do you notice between the two verses? How might these differences be relevant?
How might you apply this mitzvah to your life?
(1) כי תראה חמור שנאך וגו׳ When you see the ass of your enemy lying under its burden and would refrain from raising it, etc. —
כי here has the meaning of “possibly”, “perhaps”, which is one of the four meanings which the word כי serves to express.
The sense of the verse is accordingly the following: Can you possibly see his ass crouching beneath his burden and refrain from helping him?
Give a title to Ibn Ezra's understanding of the difference between our Torah verses. Then give a title to Rashi's understanding of the difference. Give an example to explain.
Whose understanding do you relate to more (Rashi or Ibn Ezra)? Why?
(1) "You shall not see without...." (Deut 22:4), in parshat Mishpatim the language if the verse describes a positive commandment and a negative commandment, as it teaches in the Mechilta: "In Exodus it describes the donkey of someone whom you hate and here the donkey of your kinsman, because it is forbidden to hate him. Rather it is only the yetzer hara that brings about hatred between them...
What does Malbim add to the discussion?
How might this teaching apply to your life?