Babylonian Talmud, Eruvin 65b
תלמוד בבלי עירובין סה:
אמר רבי אילעאי בשלשה דברים אדם ניכר: בכוסו ובכיסו ובכעסו
Rabbi Ilai say, "A person['s character] is recognized in three things: how they drink (koso), how they spend (kiso), and how they express anger (ka'aso)." [translation by Mechon Hadar]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. Beyond their similar sounds, what do these three traits have in common?

2. What judgment would you render about yourself, or your community, using these three measuring-sticks?

3. How is Rabbi Ilai's standard of 'recognizing' a person's character different from the ways we're used to judging people? What are the benefits of each?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)