Malachi 3:5
2 ב
וְקָרַבְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶם לַמִּשְׁפָּט וְהָיִיתִי עֵד מְמַהֵר בַּמְכַשְּׁפִים וּבַמְנָאֲפִים וּבַנִּשְׁבָּעִים לַשָּׁקֶר וּבְעֹשְׁקֵי שְׂכַר שָׂכִיר אַלְמָנָה וְיָתוֹם וּמַטֵּי גֵר וְלֹא יְרֵאוּנִי אָמַר ה' צְבָאוֹת:
But [first] I will step forward to contend against you, and I will act as a relentless accuser against those who have no fear of Me: Who practice sorcery, who commit adultery, who swear falsely, who cheat laborers of their hire, and who subvert the cause of the widow, orphan, and stranger, said the LORD of Hosts. [JPS translation]
3 ג

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What do these five categories of people all have in common? How do their actions indicate a lack of fear of God?

2. What does it mean to have a fear of God? How does this influence our actions?

4 ד
Time Period: Biblical (early ancestors to 165 BCE)