Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De'ah 336:1
שולחן ערוך, יורה דעה שלו:א
נתנה התורה רשות לרופא לרפאות ומצוה היא. ובכלל פיקוח נפש הוא. ואם מונע עצמו, הרי זה שופך דמים.
The Torah gave permission to the doctor to heal, and it is even a commandment. Even more so, it is [the commandment] of saving a life. One who prevents oneself from doing so is considered to have shed blood. [AJWS translation]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What kind of healing does this text refer to?

2. Why is someone who abstains from healing another person considered to have shed blood?

3. How can this text be used within the greater conversation about universal healthcare today?

Time Period: Medieval (Geonim through the 16th Century)