Yoma 31bיומא ל״א ב
The William Davidson Talmudתלמוד מהדורת ויליאם דוידסון
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31bל״א ב

והא איכא אמה תקרה ואמה מעזיבה שערים דבית המקדש כיון דשישא נינהו במשהו עבדי להו והא איכא האיך משהו כיון דלא הואי אמתא לא חשיב לה

As the gate is twenty cubits high, and the immersion chamber above it is at least three additional cubits high, the water was twenty-three cubits above the ground of the courtyard. The Gemara asks: How could it be only twenty-three cubits higher? Isn’t there the cubit of the thickness of the ceiling over the gate and the cubit of the thickness of the plaster sealing of the ritual bath floor for a total of at least twenty-five cubits? The Gemara answers: With regard to the Temple gates, since they were constructed of marble, they constructed them with minimal thickness. Neither the thickness of the ceiling nor the thickness of the plaster was a cubit. The Gemara asks: But isn’t there that minimal thickness of the ceiling and the plaster that would nevertheless total more than twenty-three cubits? The Gemara answers: Indeed; however, since the ceiling was not a whole cubit he does not consider it in his calculation.

פרסו סדין של בוץ וכו' מאי שנא של בוץ כדאמר רב כהנא כדי שיכיר שעבודת היום בבגדי בוץ הכא נמי שיכיר שעבודת היום בבגדי בוץ

§ We learned in the mishna: They spread a sheet of fine linen between the High Priest and the people in the interest of modesty. The Gemara asks: What is different that they specifically used a sheet of fine linen? The Gemara answers: It is as Rav Kahana said with regard to a related issue: So that he will be aware that the service of the day of Yom Kippur is performed in fine linen garments. Here, too, a linen sheet was used so that he will be aware that the service of the day of Yom Kippur is performed in fine linen garments.

מתני׳ פשט ירד וטבל עלה ונסתפג הביאו לו בגדי זהב ולבש וקידש ידיו ורגליו הביאו לו את התמיד קרצו ומירק אחר שחיטה על ידו קבל את הדם וזרקו

MISHNA: The High Priest removed the white garments that he was wearing, descended to the ritual bath, and immersed. He ascended and dried himself with a towel. Then they brought him the golden garments of the High Priest, and he dressed in the garments, and he sanctified his hands and his feet. They brought him the sheep for the daily morning offering, which he slaughtered by cutting most of the way through the gullet and the windpipe. And a different priest completed the slaughter on his behalf so that the High Priest could receive the blood in a vessel and proceed with the order of the Yom Kippur service. As soon as the slaughter was completed, the High Priest received the blood in a vessel and sprinkled it on the altar.

נכנס להקטיר קטורת של שחר ולהיטיב את הנרות ולהקריב את הראש ואת האברים והחביתין ואת היין קטורת של שחר היתה קריבה בין דם לאברים של בין הערבים בין איברים לנסכים

He entered the Sanctuary to burn the morning incense and to remove the ashes from the lamps of the candelabrum; and he left the Sanctuary and returned to the courtyard to sacrifice the head and the limbs of the sheep sacrificed for the daily offering and the High Priest’s daily griddle-cake offering, and the wine libation of the daily offering. The Mishna comments: The morning incense was burned between the receiving and sprinkling of the blood and the burning of the limbs; and the afternoon incense was burned between the taking of the limbs up to the altar and the pouring of the libations that accompanied the offering.

אם היה כ"ג זקן או איסטניס מחמין לו חמין ומטילין לתוך הצונן כדי שתפיג צינתן

With regard to the immersion, if the High Priest was old and found it difficult to immerse in cold water, or if he was delicate [istenis], they would heat hot water for him on Yom Kippur eve and place it into the cold water of the ritual bath in order to temper its chill so the High Priest could immerse without discomfort.

גמ׳ אמרוה רבנן קמיה דרב פפא הא דלא כר"מ דאי ר"מ כיון דאמר תרי קידושי אלבישה עביד להו הכא נמי ליעביד תרי קידושי אלבישה

GEMARA: The Sages said this matter before Rav Pappa: This mishna is not in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Meir, as, if it were in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Meir, since he said: The High Priest performs two sanctifications of his hands and his feet upon each change of garments, once before donning the garments and once after donning them, here too, in the mishna, let him perform two sanctifications upon the change of garments. However, the description in the mishna indicates that he removes his garments and does not sanctify his hands and feet.

אמר להו רב פפא בין לרבנן בין לר"מ חד אפשיטה דבגדי קודש וחד אלבישה והכא בהא קא מיפלגי (ויקרא טז, כג) ופשט ורחץ (ורחץ) ולבש ר"מ סבר מקיש פשיטה ללבישה מה לבישה לובש ואח"כ מקדש אף פשיטה פושט ואח"כ מקדש

Rav Pappa said to them: Both according to the opinion of the Rabbis and according to the opinion of Rabbi Meir, there is one sanctification upon removal of sacred garments, and one sanctification upon donning other sacred garments. And here, it is with regard to this issue that they disagree. It is written: “And he shall remove the linen garments that he put on when he entered the Sanctuary and leave them there. And he shall wash his flesh in water in a sacred place and he shall put on his garments” (Leviticus 16:23–24). Rabbi Meir holds: The Torah juxtaposes removal of garments to donning of garments for the following reason: Just as when donning the garments, he dons the garments and afterward sanctifies his hands and feet, so too, with regard to removal of the garments, he removes the garments and afterward sanctifies his hands and feet.

ורבנן סברי מקיש פשיטה ללבישה מה לבישה כשהוא לבוש מקדש אף פשיטה כשהוא לבוש מקדש

And the Rabbis hold that the Torah juxtaposes removal of garments to donning of garments for the following reason: Just as when donning the garments, when he is dressed, he sanctifies his hands and feet; so too, for removal of the garments, he sanctifies his hands and feet when he is dressed. Therefore, when he completes the service he sanctifies his hands and feet and only then removes the garments. However, the first time that the High Priest dons the priestly vestments on Yom Kippur he certainly does not require two sanctifications, since at that point he does not remove any other garments.

אמרו ליה רבנן לרב פפא ומי מצית אמרת הכי והתניא פרסו סדין של בוץ בינו לבין העם פשט וירד וטבל עלה ונסתפג הביאו לו בגדי זהב ולבש וקידש ידיו ורגליו רבי מאיר אומר פשט וקידש ידיו ורגליו וירד וטבל עלה ונסתפג הביאו לו בגדי זהב ולבש וקידש ידיו ורגליו אמר להו אי תניא תניא

The Sages said to Rav Pappa: And how can you say that according to Rabbi Meir the first time that the High Priest dons the garments he does not require two sanctifications? Wasn’t it taught in a baraita as follows? They spread a sheet of fine linen between him and the people, and he removed his garments and descended and immersed, and he ascended and dried himself. They brought him golden garments, and he donned them, and he sanctified his hands and his feet. Rabbi Meir says: He removed his garments and sanctified his hands and his feet and descended and immersed. He ascended and dried himself. They brought him golden garments and he donned them and sanctified his hands and his feet. Apparently, Rabbi Meir maintains that there is a special sanctification prior to donning the garments. He said to them: If it was taught, it was taught. I will retract my opinion, which was based on logical analysis, in favor of an explicit baraita that contradicts that opinion.

בשלמא לרבי מאיר היינו דמשכחת לה

The Gemara asks: Granted, according to the approach of Rabbi Meir, that is how you find that possibility of