Yoma 20aיומא כ׳ א
The William Davidson Talmudתלמוד מהדורת ויליאם דוידסון
Save "Yoma 20a"
Toggle Reader Menu Display Settings
20aכ׳ א

(בראשית ד, ז) לפתח חטאת רובץ ושטן מאי אמר א"ל שטן ביומא דכיפורי לית ליה רשותא לאסטוני ממאי אמר רמי בר חמא השטן בגמטריא תלת מאה ושיתין וארבעה הוי תלת מאה ושיתין וארבעה יומי אית ליה רשותא לאסטוני ביומא דכיפורי לית ליה רשותא לאסטוני

“Sin lies in waiting at the door” (Genesis 4:7), and it is no wonder that men sin. He asked him: And what did Satan the prosecutor say about their sinning? Elijah said to him: Satan, on Yom Kippur, has no license to prosecute. From where is that idea derived? Rami bar Ḥama said: The numerological value of the letters that constitute the word HaSatan is three hundred and sixty four: Heh has a value of five, sin has a value of three hundred, tet has a value of nine, and nun has a value of fifty. Three hundred and sixty-four days of the solar year, which is three hundred and sixty-five days long, Satan has license to prosecute. On the remaining day, Yom Kippur, he has no license to prosecute. Since that day is exalted above all others, there is no room for the accusations of Satan.

מתני׳ בכל יום תורמין את המזבח בקריאת הגבר או סמוך לו בין לפניו בין לאחריו וביוה"כ מחצות וברגלים מאשמורה הראשונה ולא היתה קריאת הגבר מגעת עד שהיתה עזרה מלאה מישראל

MISHNA: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar and place them on the east side of the ramp at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, as there was no insistence on a precise time. And on Yom Kippur they would remove the ashes earlier, from midnight onward. And on the Festivals, the ashes were removed even earlier, at the end of the first watch. And the call of the rooster would not arrive on Festivals until the Temple courtyard was full with the Jewish people who vowed to bring offerings and would fulfill their obligations on the Festivals. Those offerings were sacrificed immediately following the daily offering.

גמ׳ תנן התם אברים שפקעו מעל גבי המזבח קודם חצות יחזיר ומועלין בהן לאחר חצות לא יחזיר ואין מועלין בהן

GEMARA: We learned in a mishna there, in tractate Zevaḥim: With regard to limbs from offerings that were forced off the altar by the heat of the fire, if they fell before midnight, these limbs remain sacred; the priest should return them to the fire, and one is liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them. If they fell after midnight, the priest should not return them to the fire, and one is not liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them; they are considered like ashes.

מנה"מ אמר רב כתוב אחד אומר (ויקרא ו, ב) כל הלילה והקטיר וכתוב אחד אומר (ויקרא ו, ב) כל הלילה והרים הא כיצד חלקהו חציו להקטרה וחציו להרמה

The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived that midnight determines the end of the burning period for limbs, after which they assume the legal status of ashes? Rav said: One verse says: “It is the burnt-offering that goes up on its firewood upon the altar all night until morning” (Leviticus 6:2) and he shall burn it, indicating that the sacrificial limbs may be burned throughout the night. And one verse says: “All night…and he shall remove the ashes” (Leviticus 6:2–3), meaning that the ashes may be removed throughout the night. How can these texts be reconciled? Rather, divide the night into two sections: Half of it for burning the limbs, and half of it for removal of the ashes.

מתיב רב כהנא בכל יום תורמין את המזבח בקריאת הגבר או סמוך לו בין מלפניו בין מלאחריו וביום הכפורים מחצות וברגלים מאשמורה הראשונה

Rav Kahana raised an objection. It was taught in the mishna: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, and on Yom Kippur from midnight, and on the Festivals from the end of the first watch.