8:12ח׳:י״ב
1 א

כַּרְמִי שֶׁלִּי לְפָנָי. לְיוֹם הַדִּין יְבִיאֵם הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא בְמִשְׁפָּט, וְיֹאמַר: "כַּרְמִי, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמְּסַרְתִּיו בְּיֶדְכֶם, שֶׁלִּי הוּא, וּלְפָנַי בָּא כָּל מַה שֶּׁחֲטַפְתֶּם לָכֶם אֶת פִּרְיוֹ, וְלֹא נִכְחַד מִמֶּנִּי מַה שֶׁגְּבִיתֶם מֵהֶם". וְהֵם אוֹמְרִים:

My vineyard is before me. On the Day of Judgement, the Holy One, Blessed Is He, will bring them to judgement, and He will say, “My vineyard, even though I delivered it into your hands, it is Mine, and before Me is all that you seized for yourselves, of its fruit, and it is not hidden from Me what you collected from them.” And they will reply—

2 ב

הָאֶלֶף לְךָ שְׁלֹמֹה. "אֶלֶף הַכֶּסֶף שֶׁגָּבִינוּ מֵהֶם הַכֹּל נַחֲזִיר לְךָ": וּמָאתַיִם

The thousand are yours Shlomo. “The thousand silver pieces that we collected from them, we will return everything to You.” And two hundred

3 ג

לְנֹטְרִים אֶת פִּרְיוֹ. "וְעוֹד נוֹסִיף הַרְבֵּה מִשֶּׁלָּנוּ וְנִתֵּן לָהֶם, לְרָאשֵׁיהֶם וְחַכְמֵיהֶם", כְּעִנְיָן שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר, "תַּחַת הַנְּחשֶׁת אָבִיא זָהָב":

for those who guard its fruit. “And we will add much more of our own, and we will give it to them, to their leaders and their sages,” as the matter is stated, “In place of the copper I will bring gold.”19Yeshayahu 60:17.

4 ד

לְנֹטְרִים אֶת פִּרְיוֹ. אֵלּוּ תַלְמִידֵי חֲכָמִים; וְאוֹתָם תַּשְׁלוּמִים לְתַלְמִידֵי חֲכָמִים, כְּמוֹ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר, "כִּי לַיּשְׁבִים לִפְנֵי ה' יִהְיֶה סַחְרָהּ" וְאֶתְנַנָּהּ שֶׁל צוֹר. וְיֵשׁ לְפָרֵשׁ: "וּמָאתַיִם לְנֹטְרִים אֶת פִּרְיוֹ" כְּדִין הַנֶּהֱנֶה מִן הַהֶקְדֵּשׁ, שֶׁמְּשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וְחֹמֶשׁ. אַף אָנוּ נְשַׁלֵּם עַל "קֹדֶשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל לה' רֵאשִׁית תְּבוּאָתוֹ" קֶרֶן וְחֹמֶשׁ, חֻמְשׁוֹ שֶׁל קֶרֶן, וּמָאתַיִם הֵם חֻמְשׁוֹ שֶׁל אֶלֶף:

For those who guard its fruit. These are the Torah scholars, and those payments are for the Torah scholars, as it is stated, “but to those who sit before Adonoy belong its merchandise,”20Ibid. 23:18. and the hire of Tzor. And it can also be explained, “and two hundred for those who guard its fruit,” according to the law of a person who derives benefit from consecrated property, that he must pay the principal and a fifth. We too will pay, for, “Yisroel is holy to Adonoy, the first of His produce,”21Yirmiyahu 2:3. the principal and a fifth, i.e., a fifth of the principal, and two hundred is a fifth of a thousand.