8:11ח׳:י״א
1 א

כֶּרֶם הָיָה לִשְׁלֹמֹה. זוּ כְנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר, "כִּי כֶרֶם ה' צְבָאוֹת בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל":

Shlomo had a vineyard. This is the congregation of Yisroel, as it is stated, “For the vineyard of Adonoy, Master of Legions, is the house of Yisroel.”16Yeshayahu 5:7.

2 ב

בְּבַעַל הָמוֹן. בִּיְרוּשָׁלַיִם, שֶׁהִיא רַבַּת עַם וְהָמוֹן רָב:

In the Plain of Hamon. In Yerusholayim, which is populous and has a multitude of people [=הָמוֹן.

3 ג

בַּעַל. לְשׁוֹן מִישׁוֹר, כְּמוֹ "מִבַּעַל גָּד בְּבִקְעַת הַלְּבָנוֹן":

Ba’al. An expression denoting a plain, as in, “from the Plain מִבַּעַל of Gad in the Levanon valley.”17Yehoshua 12:7.

4 ד

נָתַן אֶת הַכֶּרֶם לַנֹּטְרִים. מְסָרָהּ לְיַד אֲדוֹנִים קָשִׁים: בָּבֶל, מָדַי, יָוָן וֶאֱדוֹם. בְּמִדְרַשׁ שִׁיר הַשִּׁירִים מָצָאתִי מִקְצָת סְמָךְ עַל נוֹטְרִים הַלָּלוּ, שֶׁהֵם הַמַּלְכֻיּוֹת:

He gave over the vineyard to caretakers. He delivered her into the hands of harsh masters, Bavel, Madai, Greece, and Edom. In Midrash Shir Hashirim, I found some support concerning these “caretakers,” that they are these kingdoms.

5 ה

אִישׁ יָבִא בְּפִרְיוֹ. כָּל מַה שֶׁיָּכְלוּ לִגְבּוֹת מֵהֶן: גֻּלְגָּלִיּוֹת וְאַרְנוּנְיוֹת וְאַנְפָּרוּת, הַכֹּל גָּבוּ מֵהֶם לְהָבִיא לְתוֹךְ בֵּיתָם:

Each of them brought for its fruit. Whatever they could collect from them, [e.g.,] head taxes, tithes, and illegal foreclosures; they collected everything from them to bring into their homes.18I.e., they kept for themselves whatever monies they collected.