5:2ה׳:ב׳
1 א

אֲנִי יְשֵׁנָה. כְּשֶׁהָיִיתִי שְׁלֵוָה וּשְׁקֵטָה בְּבַיִת רִאשׁוֹן, נוֹאַשְׁתִּי מֵעֲבֹד הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא כִּישֵׁנָה וְנִרְדָּמֶת:

I slept. When I was confident and calm in the first Beis Hamikdosh, I despaired of worshiping the Holy One, Blessed Is He, as one who slumbers and falls fast asleep.

2 ב

וְלִבִּי עֵר. זֶה הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא. כָּךְ נִדְרַשׁ בִּפְסִיקְתָּא:

But my heart was awake. This is the Holy One, Blessed Is He. This is expounded in the Pesikta.9Alternatively, ולבי ער, refers to the prophets and the sages who were constantly exhorting and rousing the Bnei Yisroel to rise from their spiritual sluggishness. (Sforno)

3 ג

וְלִבִּי עֵר. הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא שֶׁהוּא צוּר לְבָבִי וְחֶלְקִי עֵר לְשָׁמְרֵנִי וּלְהֵיטִיב לִי:

But my heart was awake. The Holy One, Blessed Is He, Who is, “the Rock of my heart and my portion,”10Tehillim 73:26. is awake to guard me and to benefit me.

4 ד

קוֹל דּוֹדִי דוֹפֵק. מַשְׁרֶה שְׁכִינָתוֹ עַל הַנְּבִיאִים וּמַזְהִיר עַל יְדֵיהֶם הַשְׁכֵּם וְשָׁלוֹחַ:

A sound! My beloved knocks. He rests His Divine Presence upon the prophets and He warns through them by, “rising early and sending forth.”11Yirmiyahum 7:25.

5 ה

פִּתְחִי לִי. אַל תִּגְרְמִי לִי שֶׁאֶסְתַּלֵּק מֵעָלַיִךְ:

Open for me. Do not cause Me to depart from you.

6 ו

שֶׁרֹאשִׁי נִמְלָא טָל. לְשׁוֹן אָדָם שֶׁבָּא בַלַּיְלָה דּוֹפֵק עַל פֶּתַח אֲהוּבָתוֹ. אוֹמֵר כֵּן: "בִּשְׁבִיל חִבָּתֵךְ בָּאתִי בַּלַּיְלָה בְּעֵת הַטַּל אוֹ הַגֶּשֶׁם". וְהַדֻּגְמָא: "שֶׁרֹאשִׁי נִמְלָא טָל" שֶׁאֲנִי מָלֵא רָצוֹן וְנַחַת רוּחַ אַבְרָהָם אָבִיךְ, שֶׁעָרְבוּ עָלַי מַעֲשָׂיו כַּטַּל, וְהִנְנִי בָא אֵלַיִךְ טָעוּן בְּרָכוֹת וְשִׁלּוּם שְׂכַר מַעֲשִׂים טוֹבִים אִם תָּשׁוּבִי אֵלָי:

For my head is drenched [as though] with dew. A term referring to a man who comes at night, knocking on the door of his beloved. He says thus, “Out of love for you, I have come at night at the time of dew or rain.” And the allegory is as follows: “For my head is drenched [as though] with dew,” because I am full of good will and satisfaction with Avrohom your forefather,12ראשי alludes to Avrohom who was first [=ראש] to believe in God. (Sifsei Chachomim) whose deeds were pleasing to Me as dew. And behold, I come to you, laden with blessings and the payment of reward for good deeds if you return to Me.

7 ז

קְוֻצּוֹתַי רְסִיסֵי לָיְלָה. אַף בְּיָדִי הַרְבֵּה קְבוּצוֹת מִינֵי פֻרְעָנִיּוֹת לִפָּרַע מֵעוֹזְבַי וּמִמְּנַאֲצַי. "טַל" הוּא לְשׁוֹן נַחַת:

My sidelocks drip with the rains of the night. In My hands there are also many categories13Rendering קוצותי as קבוצותי [=collections]. of types of retribution, to punish those who forsake Me and anger Me. “Dew” is a term indicating pleasure.

8 ח

רְסִיסֵי לָיְלָה. גִּשְׁמֵי לַיְלָה שֶׁהֵן טוֹרַח וַעֲיֵפוּת. "רְסִיסֵי" תַּרְגּוּם שֶׁל "רְבִיבִים", "וְכִרְבִיבִים עֲלֵי עֵשֶׂב," "וְכִרְסִיסֵי מַלְקוֹשָׁא" קְווּצּוֹת הֵן דִּבּוּקֵי שַׂעֲרוֹת הָרֹאשׁ הַמְדֻבָּקִים יַחַד שֶׁקּוֹרִין פלוצייל"ש. וּלְפִי שֶׁאָחַז הַמִּקְרָא בִלְשׁוֹן טַל וּמָטָר, אָחַז בִּלְשׁוֹן רֹאשׁ וּקְוֻצּוֹת, שֶׁדֶּרֶךְ טַל וּמָטָר לְהֵאָחֵז בַּשֵׂעָר וּבַקְּוֻצּוֹת. וְיֵשׁ לְפָרֵשׁ "טַל וּרְסִיסֵי לָיְלָה" שְׁנֵיהֶם לְטוֹבָה שְׂכַר מִצְוֹת קַלּוֹת הַנּוֹחוֹת לְהֵעָשׂוֹת כְּטַל, וּשְׂכַר מִצְוֹת חֲמוּרוֹת הַקָּשׁוֹת כְּטוֹרַח רְסִיסֵי לָיְלָה:

Rains of the night. The rains of the night, which cause hardship and weariness. רְסִיסֵי is the Targum of רביבים [=drops], “and like raindrops וְכִרְבִיבִים upon blades of grass,”14Devarim 32:2. [is rendered as,] “and the late rains וכרסיסי.” קְוֻצּוֹת [=locks] are clumps of hair of the head stuck together, called flocels in O.F. And because Scripture adopted an expression of dew and rain, it adopted an expression of head and sidelocks, for it is ususal for dew and rain to stick to the hair and sidelocks. It is also possible to interpret both “dew” and “rains of the night,” both denoting good, [i.e.,] the reward for minor precepts that are easy to perform as “dew,” and the reward for major precepts that are difficult [to perform], as the hardship of the “rains of the night.”