2:14ב׳:י״ד
1 א

יוֹנָתִי בְּחַגְוֵי הַסֶּלַע. זֶה נֶאֱמַר עַל אוֹתָהּ שָׁעָה שֶׁרָדַף פַּרְעֹה אַחֲרֵיהֶם וְהִשִׂיגָם חוֹנִים עַל הַיָּם, וְאֵין מָקוֹם לָנוּס לִפְנֵיהֶם מִפְּנֵי הַיָּם, וְלֹא לְהִפָּנוֹת מִפְּנֵי חַיּוֹת רָעוֹת. לְמָה הָיוּ דוֹמִין בְּאוֹתָהּ שָׁעָה? לְיוֹנָה שֶׁבּוֹרַחַת מִפְּנֵי הַנֵּץ וְנִכְנְסָה בִנְקִיקֵי הַסְּלָעִים, וְהָיָה הַנָּחָשׁ נוֹשֵׁף בָּהּ. תִּכָּנֵס לִפְנִים, הֲרֵי הַנָּחָשׁ, תֵּצֵא לַחוּץ, הֲרֵי הַנֵּץ. אָמַר לָהּ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא: "הַרְאִינִי אֶת מַרְאַיִךְ", אֶת כִּשְׁרוֹן פְּעֻלָּתֵךְ, לְמִי אַתְּ פּוֹנָה בְּעֵת צָרָה:

My dove, in the clefts of the rock. This is said regarding the time when Pharaoh pursued them and overtook them camping by the sea. With no place to escape in front of them because of the sea, and they could not turn to the side because of wild beasts. What did they resemble at that time? A dove that was fleeing from a hawk and entered the clefts of the rocks, where a snake was hissing at her. Should she enter inside, there was the snake; should she go outside, there was the hawk. The Holy One, Blessed Is He, said to her [Yisroel], “Show Me your countenance,” [i.e.,] the quality of your deeds, to whom you turn in time of distress.

2 ב

הַשְׁמִיעִנִי אֶת קוֹלֵךְ. "וַיִּצְעֲקוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל ה'":

Let me hear your voice. “And the Bnei Yisroel cried out to Adonoy.”31Tehillim 107:27.

3 ג

בְּחַגְוֵי. בִּנְקִיקֵי, וְהוּא לְשׁוֹן שֶׁבֶר, וְדוֹמֶה לוֹ "יָחוֹגּוּ וְיָנוּעוּ". "וְהָיְתָה אַדְמַת יְהוּדָה לְמִצְרַיִם לְחָגָּא". וּכְשֶׁהֵן רַבִּים, קוֹרֵא לָהֶן חַגְוֵי, וְכֵן: קָצָה קַצְוֵי, וְכֵן "וַיִּכְרֹת אֶת מַדְוֵיהֶם":

In the clefts of. In the crannies; this is a term referring to a breach, and similar to this is, “They were frightened יָחוֹגּוּ and they staggered,”32Yeshayahu 19:17. [and,] “And the land of Yehudah will be for Egypt a dread לְחָגָּא,”33II Shmuel 10:4. and in the plural form [Scripture] calls them חַגְוֵי [=cracks]. Similarly, [the plural form of] קָצָה [=end] is קַצְוֵי[=ends], and similarly, “and he cut their garments מַדְוֵיהֶם.”34These are the terraces that are dug into hills around fortifications.

4 ד

הַמַּדְרֵגָה. אישקלוי"ש בְּלַעַ"ז. כְּשֶׁעוֹשִׂין חָרִיץ סְבִיבוֹת הַמִּגְדָלִים וְשׁוֹפְכִים הֶעָפָר לְמַעְלָה לְהַגְבִּיהַּ הַתֵּל סָבִיב, עוֹשִׂין אוֹתוֹ מַדְרֵגוֹת מַדְרֵגוֹת זוּ לְמַעְלָה מִזּוּ:

Cliff. Eschelons, in O.F. When they make a ditch around the towers and pour the earth above it to raise the mound around it, they make it in many levels, one above the other.

5 ה

בְּסֵתֶר הַמַּדְרֵגָה. פְּעָמִים שֶׁיֵשׁ בָּהֶן חוֹרִים וְנִכְנָסִים שָׁם שְׁרָצִים וְעוֹפוֹת:

In the concealment of the cliff. There are sometimes holes in them, and reptiles and birds enter therein.