1:3א׳:ג׳
1 א

לְרֵיחַ שְׁמָנֶיךָ טוֹבִים. שֵׁם טוֹב נִקְרָא עַל שֵׁם 'שֶׁמֶן טוֹב':

Like the fragrance of good oils. A good name is referred to as, “good oil.”12Alternatively, “good oils” symbolize Torah and mitzvos due to their pleasant fragrance. (Sefer Duda’im)

2 ב

לְרֵיחַ שְׁמָנֶיךָ טוֹבִים. שֶׁהֵרִיחוּ בָהֶם אַפְסֵי אֶרֶץ אֲשֶׁר שָׁמְעוּ שִׁמְעֲךָ הַטּוֹב בַּעֲשׂוֹתְךָ נוֹרָאוֹת בְּמִצְרָיִם:

Like the fragrance of good oils. That those dwelling at the ends of the earth smelled, [i.e.,] those who heard of Your good reputation when You performed awesome deeds in Egypt.

3 ג

שֶׁמֶן תּוּרַק. נִקְרָא שְׁמֶךָ, לִהְיוֹת נֶאֱמַר עָלֶיךָ, "אַתָּה שֶׁמֶן אֲשֶׁר תּוּרַק תָּמִיד לִהְיוֹת רֵיחַ עָרֵב שֶׁלְּךָ יוֹצֵא לְמֵרָחוֹק", שֶׁכֵּן דֶּרֶךְ שֶׁמֶן עָרֵב, בְּכָל עֵת שֶׁהוּא בִצְלוֹחִית חֲתוּמָה, אֵין רֵיחוֹ נוֹדֵף, פּוֹתְחָהּ וּמֵרִיק שַׁמְנָהּ לִכְלִי אַחֵר, רֵיחוֹ נוֹדֵף:

[Your name] is like flowing oil. Your name is thus called. It is said about you that “you are [like] oil that is constantly being poured forth so that your fragrance goes forth to a distance.” For such is the nature of fragrant oil, as long as it is in a sealed bottle, its fragrance does not diffuse. If one opens it and pours its oil into another vessel, its fragrance diffuses.13See Rashi in Maseches Avodah Zarah 35b.

4 ד

עַל כֵּן עֲלָמוֹת אֲהֵבוּךָ. בָּא יִתְרוֹ לְקוֹל הַשְּׁמוּעָה וְנִתְגַּיֵּר. אַף רָחָב הַזּוֹנָה אָמְרָה "כִּי שָׁמַעְנוּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר הוֹבִישׁ וגו'", וְעַל יְדֵי כֵן "כִּי ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם הוּא אֱלֹהִים בַּשָּׁמַיִם וגו'":

Therefore young maidens love you. Yisro came upon hearing the news and converted; also Rachav Hazonah said, “For we have heard how Adonoy dried up, etc.”14Yehoshua 2:10. And because of this [she proclaimed], “For Adonoy your God, He is God in heaven, etc.”15Ibid. 2.11. According to this Rashi, “maidens” represent proselytes, and because of the plural expression [עלמות], Rashi mentions two proselytes, Yisro and Rachav. (Sifsei Chachomim)

5 ה

עֲלָמוֹת. בְּתוּלוֹת, לְפִי שֶׁהַדִּבּוּר דִּמָּהוּ לְבָחוּר שֶׁאֲהוּבָתוֹ מְחַבַּבְתּוֹ. וּלְפִי הַדֻּגְמָא: הָ"עֲלָמוֹת" הֵן הָאֻמּוֹת:

Young maidens. Virgins, since the text compares Him to a young man whose beloved holds him dear. And according to the allegory: The “young maidens” are the other nations.