49:15מ״ט:ט״ו
1 א

וירא מנחה כי טוב. רָאָה לְחֶלְקוֹ אֶרֶץ מְבֹרֶכֶת וְטוֹבָה לְהוֹצִיא פֵרוֹת:

וירא מנחה כי טוב AND HE SAW THAT REPOSE WAS GOOD — He chose (ראה) as his portion a land that was blessed and well-fitted to produce fruits (cf. Onkelos; so that he need not engage overmuch in business.

2 ב

ויט שכמו לסבול עֹל תּוֹרָה:

ויט שכמו לסבול AND HE INCLINED THE SHOULDER TO RECEIVE THE BURDEN namely the burden of tracking the Torah.

3 ג

ויהי. לְכָל אֶחָיו יִשְׂרָאֵל:

ויהי AND BECAME unto all Israel his brethren.

4 ד

למס עובד. לִפְסֹק לָהֶם הוֹרָאוֹת שֶׁל תּוֹרָה וְסִדְרֵי עִבּוּרִין, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וּמִבְּנֵי יִשָּׂשכָר יוֹדְעֵי בִינָה לַעִתִּים לָדַעַת מַה יַּעֲשֶׂה יִשְׂרָאֵל רָאשֵׁיהֶם מָאתַיִם (דברי הימים א י"ב), מָאתַיִם רָאשֵׁי סַנְהֶדְרָאוֹת הֶעֱמִיד וְכָל אֲחֵיהֶם עַל פִּיהֶם:

למס עובד A SERVANT UNTO TRIBUTE — deciding for them points of Law and the rules with regard to the fixing of leap-years, as it is said (1 Chronicles 12:32) “And of the children of Issachar, men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred” — two hundred heads of the Sanhedrin he provided — “and all their brethren were at their commandment” (Genesis Rabbah 99:10).

5 ה

ויט שכמו. הִשְׁפִּיל שִׁכְמוֹ, כְּמוֹ וַיֵּט שָׁמַיִם (שמואל ב כ"ב), הַטּוּ אָזְנְכֶם (תהילים ע"ח). וְאֻנְקְלוֹס תִּרְגְּמוֹ בְּפָנִים אֲחֵרִים, ויט שכמו לסבול מִלְחָמוֹת וְלִכְבֹּשׁ מְחוֹזוֹת, שֶׁהֵם יוֹשְׁבִים עַל הַסְּפָר, ויהי הָאוֹיֵב כָּבוּשׁ תַּחְתָּיו למס עובד:

ויט שכמו AND HE INCLINED HIS SHOULDER — he lowered his shoulder; similar are, (2 Samuel 22:10) “He bowed (ויט) the heavens” and (Psalms 78:1) “Incline (הטו) your ear”. Onkelos, however, explains it differently: HE BOWED HIS SHOULDER to wage wars and to conquer new districts — for he (Issachar) dwelt on the marches — AND the enemy BECAME subject to him AS A SERVANT TO PAY TRIBUTE.