31:38ל״א:ל״ח
1 א

לא שכלו. לֹא הִפִּילוּ עִבּוּרָם, כְּמוֹ רֶחֶם מַשְׁכִּיל (הושע ט'), תְּפַלֵּט פָּרָתוֹ וְלֹא תְשַׁכֵּל (איוב כ"א):

לא שכלו means HAVE NOT MISCARRIED — Similar are: (Hosea 9:14) ‘‘a miscarrying (משכיל) womb”; (Job 21:10) “his cow calveth and casteth (תשכל) not her calf”.

2 ב

ואילי צאנך. מִכָּאן אָמְרוּ אַיִל בֶּן יוֹמוֹ קָרוּי אַיִל, שֶׁאִם לֹא כֵן, מַה שִּׁבְחוֹ? אֵלִים לֹא אָכַל, אֲבָל כְּבָשִׂים אָכַל, אִם כֵּן גַּזְלָן הוּא (בבא קמא ס"ה):

ואילי צאנך AND THE RAMS OF THY FLOCK — From this phrase they (the Rabbis) inferred (Bava Kamma 65b) that a male sheep even when one day old is called a ram; for if this be not so, how was this creditable to him? Did he mean that he had not eaten rams (i. e. the larger animals), but that he had eaten the smaller sheep? If so, he was a thief! (39).