18:9י״ח:ט׳
1 א

ויאמרו אליו. נָקוּד עַל אי"ו שֶׁבְּאֵלָיו, וְתַנְיָא רַ"שִׁ בֶּן אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁכְּתָב רַבֶּה עַל הַנְּקֻדָּה, אַתָּה דוֹרֵשׁ הַכְּתָב; וְכָאן הַנְּקֻדָּה רַבָּה עַל הַכְּתָב אַתָּה דּוֹרֵשׁ הַנְּקֻדָּה, שֶׁאַף לְשָׂרָה שָׁאֲלוּ אַיּוֹ אַבְרָהָם, לָמַדְנוּ שֶׁיִּשְׁאַל אָדָם בְּאַכְסַנְיָא שֶׁלּוֹ לָאִישׁ עַל הָאִשָּׁה וְלָאִשָּׁה עַל הָאִישׁ. בְּבָבָא מְצִיעָא אוֹמְרִים יוֹדְעִים הָיוּ מַלְאֲכֵי הַשָּׁרֵת שָׂרָה אִמֵּנוּ הֵיכָן הָיְתָה, אֶלָּא לְהוֹדִיעַ שֶׁצְּנוּעָה הָיְתָה, כְּדֵי לְחַבְּבָהּ עַל בַּעֲלָה. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי בַּר חֲנִינָא, כְּדֵי לְשַׁגֵּר לָהּ כּוֹס שֶׁל בְּרָכָה:

ויאמרו אליו AND THEY SAID UNTO HIM — The letters 'א' י' ו of the word אליו have dots over them (thus distinguishing these letters which form the word meaning “where is he”?). R. Simeon the son of Eleazar said: wherever you find in a particular word or phrase that the letters in ordinary writing are more numerous than those dotted, you should give a special interpretation to those in ordinary writing. Here the dotted letters are more than those in ordinary writing and you, therefore, give an explanation of the dotted letters — that of Sarah also, they asked, איו “where is he (Abraham)”? So we may learn that in his inn a man should enquire of the man (the host) as to his wife’s welfare and of the woman (the hostess) about her husband’s. In Treatise Bava Metzia (87a) it is stated: The ministering angels knew, indeed, where our mother Sarah was but they asked this question in order to call attention to her modesty (retiring disposition) and so to endear her all the more to her husband.) R. José the son of Haninah stated that they enquired where she was in order to send her the wine-cup of blessing (the glass of wine held by him who recites the Grace after meals)

2 ב

הנה באהל. צְנוּעָה הִיא:

הנה באהל BEHOLD, IN THE TENT — She is a modest woman.