9:28ט׳:כ״ח
1 א

נִזְכָּרִים. בִּקְרִיאַת הַמְּגִלָּה:

Shall be recalled. With the reading of the Scroll [of Esther].11Talmud Yerushalmi Megillah 1:5.

2 ב

וְנַעֲשִׂים. מִשְׁתֶּה וְשִׂמְחָה וְיוֹם טוֹב לָתֵת מָנוֹת וּמַתָּנוֹת:

And observed. [As days of] feasting12Ibid. and rejoicing and a holiday, to give portions [of food to friends] and gifts [to the poor].

3 ג

מִשְׁפָּחָה וּמִשְׁפָּחָה. מִתְאַסְּפִין יַחַד וְאוֹכְלִים וְשׁוֹתִים יָחַד. וְכַךְ קִבְּלוּ עֲלֵיהֶם שֶׁיְּמֵי הַפּוּרִים לֹא יַעַבְרוּ:

By every family. Gathers together and feast and drink together; and so they took upon themselves that the days of Purim would not be revoked.13Midrash Mishlei 9.

4 ד

וְזִכְרָם. קְרִיאַת מְגִלָּה:

Their memory. The reading of the Scroll [of Esther].

5 ה

לֹא יָסוּף. תַּרְגּוּם שֶׁל יִתּם, דִמְתַרְגֵּם עַד תּם, עַד דְּסָף. וְאִי אֶפְשָׁר לוֹמַר לִהְיוֹת מִגִּזְרַת "פֶּן תִּסָּפֶה" וּמִגִּזְרַת "עַתָּה אֶסָּפֶה יוֹם אֶחָד", שֶׁאִם כֵּן, הָיָה לוֹ לִכְתּב: "לֹּא יִסָּפֶה מִזַּרְעָם":

Should not depart. The Aramaic translation of14There seems to be an error in Rashi’s text because Targum renders לא יסוף as לא ישתיצי. The suggested correct text omits the first two words “תרגום של” [=the Aramaic translation of] from Rashi’s text. (Sifsei Chachomim) יִתּם [= will end], for the Targum of עַד תּם15Bamidbar 32:13. 15 is עַד דְּסָף [until it ended]. But it is impossible to say that it [יָסוּף] is derived from the same root as “lest you perish [תִּסָּפֶה]”16Bereishis 19:17. or from the same root as “I may perish [אֶסָּפֶה] one day,”17I Shmuel 27:1. for if it were so, Scripture should have written לֹּא יִסָּפֶה מִזַּרְעָם.