ואשר ימלא את ידו שיכול אין לי אלא המשוח בשמן המשחה מרובה בבגדים מנין תלמוד לומר ואשר ימלא את ידו (ללבוש את הבגדים) והן כל הכהנים הגדולים שעמדו מיאשיהו ואילך שבימיו נגנזה הצלוחית של שמן המשחה לשון רש"י (רש"י על ויקרא ט״ז:ל״ב) ואין הכונה לרב שלא יהא במקדש כהן גדול מרובה בבגדים אלא מיאשיהו ואילך שהרי בגמרא (הוריות יג) אמרו משוח בשמן המשחה ומרובה בבגדים איזה מהן קודם ואמרו (מכות יא) במיתת כולן הוא חוזר או במיתת אחד מהן הוא חוזר שכולן נמצאים בזמן אחד אבל בכל הזמנים אם נתרבה בבגדים כשר לעבודת יום הכפורים שהרי לעולם מתקנין כהן אחר ביום הכפורים (יומא ב) ואין מושחין אותו ואם אירע פסול בכהן גדול משמש זה תחתיו שהוא כשר ברבוי הבגדים בלא משיחה: AND THE PRIEST WHO SHALL BE ANOINTED AND WHO SHALL BE CONSECRATED TO BE PRIEST IN HIS FATHER’S STEAD. “I might think that only [the High Priest] who has been anointed with the oil of anointment [may perform the Service on the Day of Atonement]. Whence do I know that a High Priest who is [inducted into office only] by many garments [i.e., the eight garments which distinguish him from all ordinary priests who wear only four garments, that he too may perform the Service on that day]? Scripture therefore says, and who shall be consecrated, by attiring the [eight] garments. Such were all the High Priests who functioned after the days of King Josiah [until the destruction of the Second Temple], for in his days the flask of anointing oil was hidden.”136Josiah did this in order to prevent the desecration of the sacred oil by the hands of the enemy when Israel was to go into exile (Horayoth 12 a). The ark of the covenant was also hidden at that time (ibid.). This is Rashi’s language. Now the Rabbi did not intend to say that it was only from the days of King Josiah that there were High Priests who were [inducted into office only by means of] many garments, for in the Gemara we find that the Rabbis have said:137Horayoth 13 a. “Who has precedence over whom [in being redeemed from captivity, etc.], a High Priest anointed with the oil of anointment, or one who was [inducted into office only] by his attiring himself in the many garments?”138It is thus clear that both kinds of High Priest can exist simultaneously. Again the Rabbis have said:139Makkoth 11 b. “Does he [that killed a person unwittingly] return from the city of refuge [only] at the death of all of them [i.e., the High Priest anointed with the oil of anointment, and the one that was inducted into office only by his attiring himself in the many garments and one that had passed from his High-priesthood], or does he return at the death of one of them?”140Numbers 35:25. [Thus it is clear] that they can all be found at one time. Rather, [Rashi’s intent was that] if at any time [i.e., even when High Priests were still anointed with the oil of anointment], a priest was inducted [into the High-priesthood] by the many garments [worn by the High Priest], he was eligible to perform the Service of the Day of Atonement. For another priest was always prepared [in the High Priest’s stead] for the Day of Atonement,141“Lest aught befall the High Priest to render him ineligible” (Yoma 2 a). and he was not anointed.142See my Hebrew commentary p. 93 for various reasons. Thus if some disqualification occurred to the High Priest [such as by becoming impure etc.], this priest served in his stead, as he was eligible to do so through his induction [to his position] by his attiring himself in the many garments, even if he was not anointed.