וְאִי וַדַּאי נָזִיר הוּא עוֹלָה הָרִאשׁוֹנָה חוֹבָה וְזוֹ נְדָבָה וְאִם טָמֵא וּמוּחְלָט הוּא עוֹלָה הָרִאשׁוֹנָה נְדָבָה וְזוֹ חוֹבָה וְזֶה שְׁאָר קׇרְבָּנוֹ And if he was a definite nazirite from the start and was neither impure from a corpse nor a leper, the first burnt-offering he brought after his initial shaving was for his obligation of pure naziriteship, and this one he is bringing now is a gift offering. And if he was impure from a corpse and a confirmed leper, the first burnt-offering he brought was a gift offering and this one he is bringing now is for his obligation. And these, the guilt-offering and peace-offering he is currently bringing, are for the rest of his obligatory offerings. This concludes the Gemara’s analysis of the case of the baraita.
טָמֵא סָפֵק וּמוּחְלָט וַדַּאי אוֹכֵל בְּקָדָשִׁים לְאַחַר שְׁמוֹנָה יָמִים וְשׁוֹתֶה יַיִן וּמִיטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים לְאַחַר שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה יָמִים § The Gemara addresses similar situations: A nazirite about whom it was uncertain if he was impure from a corpse, and he was a confirmed leper whose status was definite, partakes of sacrificial food after eight days. He counts seven days, after which he is purified from his leprosy. On the following day he brings his offerings and may partake of sacrificial food. And he may drink wine and become impure from the dead after sixty-seven days. He is required to count another thirty days for his naziriteship and shave, at which point he must observe another thirty days, in case his first shaving was for his impurity, and his second shaving is for his purity.
מוּחְלָט סָפֵק וְטָמֵא וַדַּאי אוֹכֵל בְּקָדָשִׁים לְאַחַר שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשִׁבְעָה יָמִים וְשׁוֹתֶה יַיִן וּמִיטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים לְאַחַר שִׁבְעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה יָמִים The Gemara discusses another case: A nazirite whose status as a confirmed leper was uncertain and who was definitely impure from a corpse partakes of sacrificial food after thirty-seven days. He shaves after seven days for his definite impurity and starts counting thirty days of naziriteship afresh. At the conclusion of this period he shaves again, which renders him pure from any uncertain leprosy, and may partake of sacrificial food. However, he may drink wine and become impure from the dead only after seventy-four days. Since he might have been a confirmed leper, his first two shavings, after seven and thirty-seven days, count only toward the two stages of his purification from leprosy, for his first shaving and after the days of his counting. He must therefore observe a further thirty days for his naziriteship of purity.
טָמֵא וַדַּאי וּמוּחְלָט וַדַּאי אוֹכֵל בְּקָדָשִׁים לְאַחַר שְׁמוֹנָה יָמִים וְשׁוֹתֶה יַיִן וּמִיטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים לְאַחַר אַרְבָּעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה יָמִים The Gemara mentions yet another case: A nazirite who was definitely impure from a corpse and he was a confirmed leper whose status was definite partakes of sacrificial food after eight days. He immediately shaves his first shaving for his leprosy, then counts seven days and shaves again for his leprosy and partakes of sacrificial food on the following day. And he may drink wine and become impure from the dead after forty-four days. He counts a further seven days of hair growth for his shaving of impurity, shaves, and finally observes thirty more days for his naziriteship of purity.
שָׁאֲלוּ תַּלְמִידָיו אֶת רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחַי נָזִיר טָהוֹר וּמְצוֹרָע מַהוּ שֶׁיְּגַלֵּחַ תִּגְלַחַת אַחַת וְעוֹלָה לוֹ לְכָאן וּלְכָאן אָמַר לָהֶן אֵינוֹ מְגַלֵּחַ § The students of Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai asked Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai: With regard to one who was a pure nazirite and a leper, what is the halakha concerning the possibility that he may shave one shaving and it will count for him both for this and for that? In other words, can it serve for his shaving of leprosy as well as for his naziriteship? He said to them: He may not shave once for both requirements.
אָמְרוּ לוֹ לָמָּה אָמַר לָהֶן אִילּוּ זֶה לְגַדֵּל וְזֶה לְגַדֵּל וְזֶה לְהַעֲבִיר וְזֶה לְהַעֲבִיר יָפֶה אַתֶּם אוֹמְרִים עַכְשָׁיו נָזִיר לְהַעֲבִיר וּמְצוֹרָע לְגַדֵּל They said to him: Why not? He said to them: If the aim of both shavings were the same, this one to grow hair and that one to grow hair, or this one to remove hair and that one to remove hair, you would have spoken well. Now in actual fact the two shavings have different functions: A nazirite shaves to remove his hair, and a leper shaves to grow hair, so that he can shave again after the days of his counting.
וְלֹא תַּעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי חִלּוּטוֹ וְתַעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי סְפָרוֹ וְאָמַר לָהֶן אִילּוּ זֶה לִפְנֵי זְרִיקַת דָּמִים וְזֶה לִפְנֵי זְרִיקַת דָּמִים יָפֶה אַתֶּם אוֹמְרִים אֶלָּא מְצוֹרָע לִפְנֵי זְרִיקַת דָּמִים וְנָזִיר לְאַחַר זְרִיקַת דָּמִים His students posed another question: But even if his shaving of naziriteship does not count for him as the shaving of the completion of his days of confirmed leprosy, let it at least count for him as the shaving at the end of the days of his counting, which is not followed by another act of shaving, and therefore is performed only for the purpose of removing his hair. And Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai said to them: If this one were performed before the sprinkling of blood and that one before the sprinkling of blood, you would have spoken well. However, a leper shaves before the sprinkling of his offering’s blood, and a nazirite does so after the sprinkling of the blood. Therefore, the two shavings are not equivalent.
וְלֹא תַּעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי צָרַעְתּוֹ וּנְזִירוּתוֹ וְתַעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי צָרַעְתּוֹ וְטוּמְאָתוֹ אָמַר לָהֶן אִילּוּ זֶה לִפְנֵי בִּיאַת מַיִם וְזֶה לִפְנֵי בִּיאַת מַיִם יָפֶה אַתֶּם אוֹמְרִים אֶלָּא טָמֵא לְאַחַר בִּיאַת מַיִם מְצוֹרָע לִפְנֵי בִּיאַת מַיִם Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai’s students asked him yet another question: And granted that his shaving does not count for his days of leprosy and his naziriteship, let it at least count for his days of leprosy and his shaving of naziriteship of impurity, both of which are performed before the sprinkling of the blood. He said to them: If this one shaved before his immersion in water, and that one before immersion in water, you would have spoken well. However, an impure nazirite shaves after immersion in water, whereas a leper shaves before immersion in water.
אָמְרוּ לוֹ יָפֶה אָמַרְתָּ שֶׁלֹּא תַּעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי סְפָרוֹ וְלִנְזִירוּתוֹ וְתַעֲלֶה לוֹ לִימֵי חִלּוּטוֹ וְטוּמְאָתוֹ דְּזֶה לְגַדֵּל וְזֶה לְגַדֵּל הוּא They said to Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai: You have spoken well, and convinced us that one shaving should not count for the days of his counting and for his naziriteship. But why not say that it should at least count for his days of confirmed leprosy and his naziriteship of impurity, as the purpose of this shaving is to grow hair and the purpose of that one is to grow hair.
אָמַר לָהֶן נָזִיר טָהוֹר וְהוּא מְצוֹרָע זֶה לְגַדֵּל וְזֶה לְהַעֲבִיר וְאִם נָזִיר טָמֵא וְהוּא מְצוֹרָע זֶה לִפְנֵי בִּיאַת מַיִם וְזֶה לְאַחַר בִּיאַת מַיִם He said to them: Here too the acts of shaving for naziriteship and leprosy are not exactly the same: If he is a pure nazirite and he is also a leper, the difference is that the aim of this one, the shaving of a leper, is to grow hair, and the aim of that one, the shaving of the pure nazirite, is to remove his hair. And if he is an impure nazirite and he is also a leper, the difference is that this shaving, of a leper, occurs before immersion in water, and that one, the shaving of an impure nazirite, is performed after immersion in water.