דְּקָתָנֵי וְאֵינִי יוֹדֵעַ אֵיזֶה מִכֶּם שְׁמַע מִינַּהּ: as it teaches: But I do not know which one of you. This indicates that the third individual was too far away to detect which of them became impure. The Gemara says: Conclude from the inference from the mishna that it is so.
מְגַלְּחִין וּמְבִיאִין וְאַמַּאי דִּילְמָא לָאו טְמֵאִין אִינּוּן וְקָעָבֵיד הַקָּפָה אָמַר שְׁמוּאֵל בְּאִשָּׁה וְקָטָן § The mishna taught that the two nazirites shave and cut their hair and bring an offering of impurity and an offering of purity. The Gemara asks: But why are they permitted to shave? Perhaps both of them are not impure, and therefore one of them violates the prohibition against rounding the head, i.e., shaving the hair on the sides of the head (see Leviticus 19:27), when he shaves his hair unnecessarily. Since one of them does not need to shave, he thereby transgresses a mitzva by Torah law. Shmuel said: The mishna is referring to a case where each nazirite was a woman, who is not prohibited from rounding the hair of her head, or a minor boy, who is not obligated in the observance of mitzvot.
וְלוֹקְמָא בְּגָדוֹל וְהַקָּפַת כׇּל הָרֹאשׁ לֹא שְׁמָהּ הַקָּפָה מִדְּלָא מוֹקֵים לַהּ הָכִי שְׁמַע מִינַּהּ קָסָבַר שְׁמוּאֵל הַקָּפַת כׇּל הָרֹאשׁ שְׁמָהּ הַקָּפָה The Gemara analyzes Shmuel’s answer: And let Shmuel establish the mishna as referring to a male who reached majority, and the reason it is permitted is because rounding the entire head, not merely its corners, is not called rounding as prohibited by the Torah. From the fact that he does not establish the mishna in this manner, conclude from it that Shmuel maintains that rounding the entire head is called rounding.
מָר זוּטְרָא מַתְנֵי לַהּ לְהָא שְׁמַעְתָּא דִּשְׁמוּאֵל אַסֵּיפָא נָזִיר שֶׁהָיָה טָמֵא בְּסָפֵק וּמוּחְלָט בְּסָפֵק אוֹכֵל בְּקָדָשִׁים לְאַחַר שִׁשִּׁים יוֹם וּמְגַלֵּחַ אַרְבַּע תִּגְלָחוֹת וְהָא קָעָבֵיד הַקָּפָה אָמַר שְׁמוּאֵל בְּאִשָּׁה וְקָטָן Mar Zutra taught this halakha of Shmuel with regard to the latter clause of the following mishna (59b): A nazirite who has uncertain impurity and whose status as a confirmed leper is uncertain may eat sacrificial food after sixty days and shaves four times. One shaving is for his uncertain status as an impure nazirite, one is at the end of his term of naziriteship, and two are due to his status as a leper. A similar problem arose: But as he is not definitely obligated to shave, he violates the prohibition against rounding the head. Shmuel said: The mishna is referring to a woman or a minor boy, who are not prohibited from rounding their heads.
אָמַר רַב הוּנָא הַמַּקִּיף אֶת הַקָּטָן הֲרֵי הוּא חַיָּיב אֲמַר לֵיהּ רַב אַדָּא בַּר אַהֲבָה לְרַב הוּנָא וְדִידָךְ מַאן מְגַלַּח לְהוֹן אֲמַר לֵיהּ חוֹבָה תִּקְבְּרִינּוּן חוֹבָה לִבְנַיהּ כּוּלְּהוּ שְׁנֵי דְּרַב אַדָּא בַּר אַהֲבָה לָא אִקַּיַּים לֵיהּ זַרְעָא לְרַב הוּנָא With regard to the same issue, Rav Huna said: An adult who rounds the head of a minor boy is liable to receive lashes, despite the fact that the child himself is not obligated to observe mitzvot. Rav Adda bar Ahava, who disputed this ruling, said to Rav Huna: And with regard to your sons, who shaves them and rounds the corners of their heads? After all, you maintain that an adult may not round the head of a minor. Rav Huna said to him: Ḥova my wife does it, as she is not prohibited from rounding their heads. Rav Adda bar Ahava exclaimed in anger: Ḥova should bury her sons if she acts in this manner. The Gemara reports: During the years that Rav Adda bar Ahava was alive, Rav Huna’s children did not survive. His children died due to the curse pronounced by Rav Adda.
מִכְּדִי תַּרְוַיְיהוּ סְבִירָא הַקָּפַת כׇּל הָרֹאשׁ שְׁמָהּ הַקָּפָה בְּמַאי קָמִיפַּלְגִי רַב הוּנָא סָבַר לֹא תַקִּפוּ פְּאַת רֹאשְׁכֶם וְלֹא תַשְׁחִית [אֵת] פְּאַת זְקָנֶךָ כֹּל שֶׁיֵּשׁ לוֹ הַשְׁחָתָה יֵשׁ לוֹ הַקָּפָה וְהָנֵי נְשֵׁי הוֹאִיל וְלֵיתַנְהוּ בְּהַשְׁחָתָה לֵיתַנְהוּ נָמֵי בְּהַקָּפָה The Gemara asks: Since both Rav Huna and Rav Adda maintain that rounding the entire head is called rounding, with regard to what do they disagree? What is the reason for their respective rulings? The Gemara explains: Rav Huna, who prohibits an adult male from rounding the head of a minor but permits a woman to do so, maintains that the association between the two prohibitions in the verse: “You shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shall you destroy the corners of your beard” (Leviticus 19:27), teaches: Whoever has the prohibition of the destruction of the beard also has the prohibition of rounding. And these women, since they are not included in the prohibition of destruction, as they do not have beards, they are not included in the prohibition of rounding either.
וְרַב אַדָּא בַּר אַהֲבָה סָבַר אֶחָד הַמַּקִּיף וְאֶחָד הַנִּיקָּף בַּמַּשְׁמָע וְאִיתַּקַּשׁ מַקִּיף לְנִיקָּף כׇּל הֵיכָא דְּנִיקַּף מִיחַיַּיב מַקִּיף נָמֵי מִיחַיַּיב וְהַאי קָטָן הוֹאִיל וְהוּא גּוּפֵיהּ לָאו בַּר עוּנְשִׁין הוּא דְּמִיחַיַּיב מַקִּיף נָמֵי לָא מִיחַיַּיב And Rav Adda bar Ahava, who permits anyone to shave a minor boy’s head, maintains: Both one who rounds and one who is rounded are included in the phrase “you shall not round,” which is stated in the plural. And in this manner the verse juxtaposes one who rounds to one who is rounded: Wherever one who is rounded is liable, the one who rounds is also liable; and with regard to this minor boy, since he himself is not liable to be punished for this transgression, an adult who rounds his head is also not liable due to this action.
לֵימָא הַקָּפַת כׇּל הָרֹאשׁ תַּנָּאֵי הִיא דְּתָנוּ רַבָּנַן רֹאשׁוֹ מָה תַּלְמוּד לוֹמַר לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר לֹא תַקִּפוּ פְּאַת רֹאשְׁכֶם The Gemara asks: Shall we say that the issue of whether one who rounds the entire head is considered to have rounded its corners is a dispute between tanna’im? As the Sages taught in a baraita, with regard to a verse that deals with the shaving of a leper: “He shall shave all his hair; his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall shave off” (Leviticus 14:9). Why must the verse state: “His head,” after it has already stated: “All his hair”? The baraita explains that since it is stated: “You shall not round the corners of your heads” (Leviticus 19:27),