וְאֵינוֹ חַיָּיב אֶלָּא עַד שֶׁיֹּאכַל מִן הָעֲנָבִים כְּזַיִת וְכוּ׳ תַּנָּא קַמָּא לָא מְדַמֵּי לְהוֹן לְכׇל אִיסּוּרֵי נָזִיר לִשְׁתִיָּה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא כֵּיוָן דִּכְתִיב וַעֲנָבִים לַחִים וִיבֵשִׁים לֹא יֹאכֵל מָה אֲכִילָה כְּזַיִת אַף כֹּל אִיסּוּרִין כְּזַיִת: § The mishna taught: And he is liable to receive lashes only if he eats an olive-bulk of the grapes. The mishna continues by noting that with regard to drinking, the first tanna holds that a nazirite is liable for a quarter-log, whereas Rabbi Akiva maintains that the amount of an olive-bulk applies to liquids as well. The Gemara explains this dispute: The first tanna does not liken all the other prohibitions of a nazirite to the prohibition of drinking wine, and therefore the measurements for eating and drinking are the same as for prohibitions in other contexts: An olive-bulk of food and a quarter-log of drink. And Rabbi Akiva maintains that since it is written: “Nor eat fresh grapes or dried” (Numbers 6:3),this verse teaches that just as eating is measured by the amount of an olive-bulk, so too, all the prohibitions of a nazirite are measured by an olive-bulk.
[וְחַיָּיב עַל הַיַּיִן בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ כּוּ׳] תָּנוּ רַבָּנַן וַעֲנָבִים לַחִים וִיבֵשִׁים לֹא יֹאכֵל לְחַיֵּיב עַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ וְעַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ מִכָּאן אַתָּה דָּן לְכׇל אִיסּוּרִין שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה מָה כָּאן שֶׁהוּא מִין אֶחָד וְהֵן שְׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת וְחַיָּיב עַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ וְעַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ אַף כֹּל שֶׁהוּא מִין אֶחָד וְהֵן שְׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת חַיָּיב עַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ וְעַל זֶה בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ § The mishna further taught: And he is liable for consuming wine by itself, and for grapes by themselves, and for grape seeds by themselves, and for grape skins by themselves. The Sages taught: The verse: “Nor eat fresh grapes or dried” (Numbers 6:3), serves to render him liable for this by itself and for that by itself, i.e., that he need not consume all of the grape products listed in the verses. From here you derive the halakha with regard to all prohibitions of the Torah: Just as here there is one type of food, grapes, which are called by two names, fresh or dried, and he is liable for this by itself and for that by itself, so too, in all cases where there is one type and they are called by two names, one is liable for this by itself and for that by itself.
לְאֵיתוֹיֵי חַמְרָא חַדְתָּא וְעִינְבֵי The Gemara adds that in the case of a nazirite this principle serves to include new wine, i.e., grape juice, and grapes. Although these are apparently a single type, as the juice, before fermenting, is merely grapes in liquid form, nevertheless one is liable for grape juice and grapes separately, as they have different names.
אָמַר אַבָּיֵי אָכַל חַרְצָן לוֹקֶה שְׁתַּיִם אָכַל זָג לוֹקֶה שְׁתַּיִם אָכַל חַרְצָן וְזָג לוֹקֶה שָׁלֹשׁ רָבָא אָמַר אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה אֶלָּא אַחַת שֶׁאֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה אַלָּאו שֶׁבִּכְלָלוֹת § Abaye says: A nazirite who ate a grape seed is flogged twice, i.e., two sets of thirty-nine lashes, one set for the specific prohibition stated with regard to grape seeds, and the other for the general prohibition “anything that is made of the grapevine” (Numbers 6:4). Likewise, if he ate a grape skin he is flogged twice. If he ate a grape seed and a grape skin he is flogged three times, for the seed, for the skin, and for the prohibition “anything that is made of the grapevine.” Rava says: He is flogged only once if he ate a seed or a skin. He is not flogged for “anything that is made of the grapevine,” because one is not flogged for violating a general prohibition. One is not liable to receive lashes for violation of a single prohibition that includes many items or cases.
מֵתִיב רַב פָּפָּא רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר נָזִיר שֶׁהָיָה שׁוֹתֶה יַיִן כׇּל הַיּוֹם אֵינוֹ חַיָּיב אֶלָּא אַחַת אָמְרוּ לוֹ אַל תִּשְׁתֶּה אַל תִּשְׁתֶּה וְהוּא שׁוֹתֶה חַיָּיב עַל כׇּל אַחַת וְאַחַת אָכַל עֲנָבִים לַחִים וִיבֵשִׁים חַרְצַנִּים וְזַגִּים וְסָחַט אֶשְׁכּוֹל שֶׁל עֲנָבִים וְשָׁתָה לוֹקֶה חָמֵשׁ אִי הָכִי לִילְקֵי שֵׁשׁ אַחַת עַל מִכׇּל אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה Rav Pappa raised an objection to Abaye’s statement. Rabbi Eliezer says: A nazirite who was drinking wine all day is liable to receive only one set of lashes. If two witnesses said to him in warning: Do not drink, do not drink, and he continued drinking, he is liable for each and every one of the warnings that was followed by an act of drinking. If he ate grapes and raisins, grape seeds and grape skins, and squeezed a cluster of grapes and drank the juice, he is flogged five times. The difficulty for Abaye is as follows: If so, that Abaye’s opinion is accepted, let him be flogged six times, to include one more for transgressing the verse “anything that is made of the grapevine” (Numbers 6:4).
תְּנָא וְשַׁיַּיר מַאי שַׁיֵּיר דְּהַאי שַׁיַּיר שַׁיַּיר לֹא יַחֵל דְּבָרוֹ Abaye responded: Rabbi Eliezer taught certain prohibitions and omitted others. He did not include all the prohibitions for which one is liable to be flogged. The Gemara asks: What else did he omit that he omitted this? He would not have listed all relevant prohibitions less one. The Gemara answers: He also omitted the additional prohibition of “He shall not profane his word” (Numbers 30:3),as the nazirite profaned his word by violating his vow of naziriteship.
אִי מִשּׁוּם הַאי לָאו שִׁיּוּרָא הוּא כִּי קָתָנֵי מִידֵּי דְּלָא אִיתֵיהּ בְּדוּכְתָּא אַחֲרִיתִי לֹא יַחֵל דְּבָרוֹ אִיתֵיהּ בִּנְדָרִים The Gemara retorts: If it is due to that verse, this is not an omission, as when Rabbi Eliezer teaches and lists the lashes which a nazirite is liable to receive, he includes only matters that are not found elsewhere, i.e., he mentions only prohibitions that apply exclusively to a nazirite. The prohibition “He shall not profane his word” is relevant to vows in general, and therefore he omitted it. Consequently, Rabbi Eliezer should have mentioned the prohibition “anything that is made of the grapevine,” and the fact that he did not do so presents a difficulty for the opinion of Abaye.
אֲמַר לֵיהּ רָבִינָא מִפַּרְזִקְיָא לְרַב אָשֵׁי וְהָא שַׁיַּיר דְּבֵין הַבֵּינַיִים אֶלָּא אָמַר רַב פָּפָּא לָא תַּנְיָא מִידֵּי חָמֵשׁ וְהָא Ravina from Parzakya said to Rav Ashi: But he omitted the case of in between. Rabbi Eliezer could have added that a nazirite is liable not only for the seed and skin of a grape but also for the substances in between them, as the verse: “From pits to grape skin” (Numbers 6:4), comes to include all that is in between the two (see 34b). Rather, Rav Pappa said: Actually, Rabbi Eliezer did not teach anything about five sets of lashes, but merely stated that he is flogged for all those actions, without enumerating the precise number. Therefore, this source does not present a difficulty for Abaye. The Gemara asks: But