Chapter 19י״ט
1 א

כָּל כְּלֵי הַמִּלְחָמָה אין יוֹצְאִין בָּהֶן בְּשַׁבָּת. וְאִם יָצָא אִם הָיוּ כֵּלִים שֶׁהֵן דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ כְּגוֹן שִׁרְיוֹן וְכוֹבַע וּמַגָּפַיִם שֶׁעַל הָרַגְלַיִם הֲרֵי זֶה פָּטוּר. וְאִם יָצָא בְּכֵלִים שֶׁאֵינָן דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ כְּגוֹן רֹמַח וְסַיִף וְקֶשֶׁת וְאַלָּה וּתְרִיס הֲרֵי זֶה חַיָּב:

1 We may not go out (to a public domain) with any vessels of war on Shabbat. But if one did go out with them: If the vessels were in the way of clothing - such as armor or a helmet or boots upon his feet - he is certainly exempt. But if he went out with vessels that were not in the way of clothing - such as a spear, a sword, a targe or a (triangular) shield - he is certainly liable.

2 ב

אֵין יוֹצְאִין בְּסַנְדָּל מְסֻמָּר שֶׁסְּמָרוֹ לְחַזְּקוֹ. וַאֲפִלּוּ בְּיוֹם טוֹב גָּזְרוּ עָלָיו שֶׁלֹּא יֵצֵא בּוֹ. וּמֻתָּר לָצֵאת בְּאַבְנֵט שֶׁיֵּשׁ עָלָיו חֲתִיכוֹת קְבוּעוֹת שֶׁל כֶּסֶף וְשֶׁל זָהָב כְּמוֹ שֶׁהַמְּלָכִים עוֹשִׂין. מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא תַּכְשִׁיט וְכָל שֶׁהוּא תַּכְשִׁיט מֻתָּר. וְהוּא שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא רָפוּי שֶׁמָּא יִפּל בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים וְיָבוֹא לַהֲבִיאוֹ:

2 We may not go out with a spiked shoe, which was spiked to strengthen it. And even on holidays did they decree that we should not go out with it. But it is permissible to go out with a belt that has pieces of gold and silver affixed to it - as do kings. For it is an ornament; and anything that is an ornament is permissible. And that is when it is not loose, lest it fall in the public domain and he come to carry it [back].

3 ג

טַבַּעַת שֶׁיֵּשׁ עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם מִתַּכְשִׁיטֵי הָאִישׁ הִיא וְאֵינָהּ מִתַּכְשִׁיטֵי הָאִשָּׁה. וְשֶׁאֵין עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם מִתַּכְשִׁיטֵי אִשָּׁה וְאֵינָהּ מִתַּכְשִׁיטֵי הָאִישׁ. לְפִיכָךְ אִשָּׁה שֶׁיָּצָאת בְּטַבַּעַת שֶׁיֵּשׁ עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם. וְאִישׁ שֶׁיָּצָא בְּטַבַּעַת שֶׁאֵין עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם חַיָּבִין. וּמִפְּנֵי מָה הֵן חַיָּבִין וַהֲרֵי הוֹצִיאוּ אוֹתָן שֶׁלֹּא כְּדֶרֶךְ הַמּוֹצִיאִין שֶׁאֵין דֶּרֶךְ הָאִישׁ לְהוֹצִיא בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ אֶלָּא טַבַּעַת הָרְאוּיָה לוֹ וְכֵן הָאִשָּׁה אֵין דַּרְכָּהּ לְהוֹצִיא בְּאֶצְבָּעָהּ אֶלָּא טַבַּעַת הָרְאוּיָה לָהּ. מִפְּנֵי שֶׁפְּעָמִים נוֹתֵן הָאִישׁ טַבַּעְתּוֹ לְאִשְׁתּוֹ לְהַצְנִיעָהּ בַּבַּיִת וּמַנַּחַת אוֹתָהּ בְּאֶצְבָּעָהּ בְּעֵת הוֹלָכָה. וְכֵן הָאִשָּׁה נוֹתֶנֶת טַבַּעְתָּהּ לְבַעְלָהּ לְתַקְּנָהּ אֵצֶל הָאֻמָּן וּמַנִּיחַ אוֹתָהּ בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ בְּעֵת הוֹלָכָה עַד חֲנוּת הָאֻמָּן וְנִמְצְאוּ שֶׁהוֹצִיאוּ אוֹתָן כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁדַּרְכָּן לְהוֹצִיאָן וּלְפִיכָךְ חַיָּבִין:

3 A ring with a seal upon it is a man's ornament, and not a woman's ornament. But one without a seal upon it is a woman's ornament, and not a man's ornament. Hence a woman that went out with a ring that has a seal upon it and a man who went out with a ring that does not have a seal upon it are liable. But why are they liable? They surely transported them not in the ways of the ones that transport them - as it is the way of a man to only transport a ring on his finger which is fit for him, and likewise of a woman to only transport upon her finger a ring that is fit for her! Because sometimes the man gives his ring to his wife to store it at home and she places it on her finger at the time that she carries it. Likewise, a woman gives her ring to her husband to fix it with a craftsman and he places it on his finger at the time that he carries it to the store. And it [thus] comes out that they transported them according to the way that they [themselves] transport them. And hence they are liable.

4 ד

לֹא תֵּצֵא אִשָּׁה בְּטַבַּעַת שֶׁאֵין עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא מִתַּכְשִׁיטֶיהָ גְּזֵרָה שֶׁמָּא תּוֹצִיאָהּ בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים לְהַרְאוֹת לְחַבְרוֹתֶיהָ כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁהַנָּשִׁים עוֹשׂוֹת תָּמִיד. וְאִם יָצָאת בָּהּ פְּטוּרָה. אֲבָל הָאִישׁ מֻתָּר לָצֵאת בְּטַבַּעַת שֶׁיֵּשׁ עָלֶיהָ חוֹתָם מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא תַּכְשִׁיט וְאֵין דַּרְכּוֹ לְהֵרָאוֹת. וְנָהֲגוּ כָּל הָעָם שֶׁלֹּא יֵצְאוּ בְּטַבַּעַת כְּלָל:

4 A woman may not go out with a ring that does not have a seal upon it - even thou it is her ornament - lest she take it off in a public domain to show it to her friends in the way that women always do. But if she went out, she is exempt. However a man is permitted to go out with a ring that has a seal upon it - as it is an ornament and it is not his way to show [it]. But all of the people have become accustomed to not go out with a ring at all (on Shabbat).

5 ה

אִשָּׁה שֶׁיָּצְאָה בְּמַחַט נְקוּבָה חַיֶּבֶת וְהָאִישׁ פָּטוּר. וְאִישׁ שֶׁיָּצָא בְּמַחַט שֶׁאֵינָהּ נְקוּבָה חַיָּב וְהָאִשָּׁה פְּטוּרָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא מִתַּכְשִׁיטֶיהָ וְאֵינָהּ אֲסוּרָה אֶלָּא גְּזֵרָה שֶׁמָּא תַּרְאֶה לְחַבְרוֹתֶיהָ. זֶה הַכְּלָל כָּל הַיּוֹצֵא בְּדָבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִתַּכְשִׁיטָיו וְאֵינוֹ דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ וְהוֹצִיאוֹ כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁמּוֹצִיאִין אוֹתוֹ דָּבָר חַיָּב. וְכָל הַיּוֹצֵא בְּדָבָר שֶׁהוּא מִתַּכְשִׁיטָיו וְהָיָה רָפוּי וְאֶפְשָׁר שֶׁיִּפּל בִּמְהֵרָה וְיָבֹא לַהֲבִיאוֹ בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. וְכֵן אִשָּׁה שֶׁיָּצָאת בְּתַכְשִׁיטִין שֶׁדַּרְכָּן לִשְׁלֹף אוֹתָן וּלְהַרְאוֹתָן הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ פְּטוּרִין. וְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁהוּא תַּכְשִׁיט וְאֵינוֹ נוֹפֵל וְאֵין דַּרְכָּהּ לְהַרְאוֹתוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר לָצֵאת בּוֹ. לְפִיכָךְ אֶצְעָדָה שֶׁמַּנִּיחִין אוֹתָהּ בַּזְּרוֹעַ אוֹ בַּשּׁוֹק יוֹצְאִין בָּהּ בְּשַׁבָּת וְהוּא שֶׁתִּהְיֶה דְּבוּקָה לַבָּשָׂר וְלֹא תִּשָּׁמֵט. וְכֵן כָּל כַּיּוֹצֵא בָּזֶה:

5 A woman that went out with a perforated needle on Shabbat is liable, but a man is exempt. And a man that went out with an unperforated needle on Shabbat is liable, but a woman is exempt - as it is an ornament for her, and it is only prohibited [as] a decree lest she show [it] to her friends. This is the general rule: Anyone that goes out with something that is not an ornament for him nor in the way of clothing, and transported it in the way that the thing is transported, is liable. And anyone who goes out with something that is an ornament for him but was loose and it is possible that it would quickly fall such that he would carry in a public domain; and likewise a woman that went out with jewelry the way of which is to remove them and show them - they are certainly exempt (though it is forbidden to do so). And everything that is an ornament and does not fall and it is not its way to be shown is permissible to be taken out. Hence we may go out on Shabbat with a bracelet that we place on the forearm or [an anklet] on the calf that is clinging to the flesh and does not slip off. And likewise anything that is similar to this.

6 ו

לֹא תֵּצֵא אִשָּׁה בְּחוּטֵי צֶמֶר אוֹ בְּחוּטֵי פִּשְׁתָּן אוֹ בִּרְצוּעוֹת הַקְּשׁוּרוֹת לָהּ עַל רֹאשָׁהּ שֶׁמָּא תַּחְלֹץ אוֹתָהּ בִּשְׁעַת טְבִילָה וְתַעֲבִירָהּ בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. וְלֹא בְּצִיץ שֶׁמַּנַּחַת בֵּין עֵינֶיהָ וְלֹא בִּלְחָיַיִם שֶׁל זָהָב שֶׁיּוֹרְדִין מִן הַצִּיץ עַל לְחָיֶיהָ בִּזְמַן שֶׁאֵינָן תְּפוּרִין זֶה בָּזֶה. וְלֹא בַּעֲטָרָה שֶׁל זָהָב שֶׁמֻּנַּחַת בְּרֹאשָׁהּ וְלֹא בִּכְבָלִים שֶׁיּוֹצְאִין בָּהֶן הַבָּנוֹת בְּרַגְלֵיהֶן כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִפְסְעוּ פְּסִיעָה גַּסָּה שֶׁלֹּא יַפְסִידוּ בְּתוּלֵיהֶן. כָּל אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִין לָצֵאת בָּהֶן בְּשַׁבָּת שֶׁמָּא יִפְּלוּ וּתְבִיאֵן בְּיָדָהּ:

6 A woman may neither go out with strings of wool, nor with strings of flax, nor with strips tied to her on her head, lest she removes it at the time of immersing and [so] carry it in a public domain. Nor with a headplate that rests between her eyes, nor with 'jaws of gold' that descend from the headplate to her jaws, when they are not sewn together. Nor with a crown of gold that is resting on her head nor with chains that girls go out with so that they will not take large steps, such that they will not spoil their hymen. All these are forbidden to go out with on Shabbat, lest they fall and she carry them in her hand.

7 ז

לֹא תֵּצֵא אִשָּׁה בְּקַטְלָא שֶׁבְּצַוָּארָה וְלֹא בְּנִזְמֵי הָאַף וְלֹא בִּצְלוֹחִית שֶׁל פְּלַיָּיטוֹן הַקְּבוּעָה עַל זְרוֹעָהּ. וְלֹא בַּכִּיס הַקָּטָן הֶעָגל שֶׁמַּנִּיחִין בּוֹ שֶׁמֶן הַטּוֹב וְהוּא הַנִּקְרָא כּוֹבֶלֶת. וְלֹא בְּפֵאָה שֶׁל שֵׂעָר שֶׁמַּנַּחַת עַל רֹאשָׁהּ כְּדֵי שֶׁתֵּרָאֶה בַּעֲלַת שֵׂעָר הַרְבֵּה. וְלֹא בְּכָבוּל שֶׁל צֶמֶר שֶׁמַּקֶּפֶת אוֹתוֹ סָבִיב לְפָנֶיהָ. וְלֹא בְּשֵׁן שֶׁמַּנַּחַת בְּפִיהָ בִּמְקוֹם שֵׁן שֶׁנָּפַל. וְלֹא בְּשֵׁן שֶׁל זָהָב שֶׁמַּנַּחַת עַל שֵׁן שָׁחֹר אוֹ אָדֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּשִּׁנֶּיהָ. אֲבָל שֵׁן שֶׁל כֶּסֶף מֻתָּר מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינוֹ נִכָּר. כָּל אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִין לָצֵאת בָּהֶן שֶׁמָּא יִפְּלוּ וּתְבִיאֵם בְּיָדָהּ אוֹ תַּחְלֹץ וְתַרְאֶה לְחַבְרוֹתֶיהָ:

7 A woman may neither go out with a katla on her neck, nor with noserings, nor with a flask of perfume that is fixed to her forearm. Nor with a small round purse into which we put fragrant oil - and that is called a kovelet. Nor with a wig of hair that lays upon her head in order that she appear to have much hair. And not with a wool cap that surrounds her [head] in front of her. Nor with a tooth that rests in her mouth in place of a tooth that fell. Nor with a gold tooth that rests over a black or red tooth among her teeth. But a silver tooth is permitted, as it is not recognizable. All these are forbidden to go out with on Shabbat, lest they fall and she carry them in her hand, or she remove and show [it] to her friends.

8 ח

כָּל שֶׁאָסְרוּ חֲכָמִים לָצֵאת בּוֹ לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים אָסוּר לוֹ לָצֵאת בּוֹ אֲפִלּוּ בְּחָצֵר שֶׁאֵינָהּ מְעֹרֶבֶת. חוּץ מִכָּבוּל וּפֵאָה שֶׁל שֵׂעָר שֶׁמֻּתָּר לָצֵאת בָּהֶן לְחָצֵר שֶׁאֵינָהּ מְעֹרֶבֶת כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא תִּתְגַּנֶּה עַל בַּעְלָהּ. וְהַיּוֹצֵאת בִּצְלוֹחִית שֶׁל פְּלַיָּיטוֹן שֶׁאֵין בָּהּ בּשֶֹׁם כְּלָל חַיֶּבֶת:

8 Anything that the Sages forbade to take out to a public domain is forbidden to take out in a courtyard without an eruv except for a cap and a wig of hair. [The latter] are permissible to go out with in a courtyard without an eruv in order that she not repulse her husband. And one who goes out with a flask of perfume that has no perfume at all is liable.

9 ט

יוֹצְאָה אִשָּׁה בְּחוּטֵי שֵׂעָר הַקְּשׁוּרִים לָהּ עַל רֹאשָׁהּ מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַמַּיִם בָּאִין בָּהֶן וְאֵינָן חוֹצְצִין וְאֵינָהּ חוֹלַצְתָּן אִם אֵרְעָה לָהּ טְבִילָה עַד שֶׁנִּגְזֹר שֶׁמָּא תְּבִיאֵם לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. בֵּין שֶׁהָיוּ הַחוּטִין שֶׁלָּהּ בֵּין שֶׁל חֲבֶרְתָּהּ בֵּין שֶׁל בְּהֵמָה. וְלֹא תֵּצֵא הַזְּקֵנָה בְּשֶׁל יַלְדָּה שֶׁשֶּׁבַח הֵן לָהּ וְשֶׁמָּא תַּחְלֹץ וְתַרְאֵם לְחַבְרוֹתֶיהָ. אֲבָל יַלְדָּה יוֹצֵאת בְּחוּטֵי זְקֵנָה. וְכָל שֶׁהוּא אָרוּג יוֹצֵאת בּוֹ עַל רֹאשָׁהּ:

9 A woman may go out with strings of hair tied to her on her head, since water goes through them and they do not divide (between her and the water) - so she does not remove them if she [requires] immersion, such that we should make a decree lest she carry them in a public domain - whether the strings were hers or her friend's or an animal's. And an older woman should not go out with that of a young woman, as it is an enhancement for her - lest she remove and show them to her friends. But a young woman may go out with the strings of an older woman. And [a woman] may go out with anything woven on her head.

10 י

יוֹצְאָה אִשָּׁה בְּחוּטִין שֶׁבְּצַוָּארָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָהּ חוֹנֶקֶת עַצְמָהּ בָּהֶן וְאֵינָן חוֹצְצִין. וְאִם הָיוּ צְבוּעִין אֲסוּרִים שֶׁמָּא תַּרְאֶה אוֹתָן לְחַבְרוֹתֶיהָ. וְיוֹצְאָה אִשָּׁה בְּכָלִיל שֶׁל זָהָב בְּרֹאשָׁהּ שֶׁאֵין יוֹצְאָה בּוֹ אֶלָּא אִשָּׁה חֲשׁוּבָה שֶׁאֵין דַּרְכָּהּ לַחֲלֹץ וּלְהַרְאוֹת. וְיוֹצְאָה בְּצִיץ וּבִלְחָיַיִם שֶׁל זָהָב בִּזְמַן שֶׁהֵן תְּפוּרִין בִּשְׂבָכָה שֶׁעַל רֹאשָׁהּ כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִפּלוּ. וְכֵן כָּל כַּיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶם:

10 A woman may go out with strings [around] her neck, as they neither choke her nor divide (between her and the water). But if they were colored, they are forbidden - lest she show them to her friends. And a woman may go out with a tiara; as only an important woman would go out with it, and it is not the way [of such a woman] to remove and show [it]. And she may go out with a headplate and with 'jaws of gold' when they are sewn into the hair net that is on her head so that they do not fall. Likewise anything that is similar to these.

11 יא

יוֹצְאָה אִשָּׁה בְּמוֹךְ שֶׁבְּאָזְנָהּ וְהוּא שֶׁיִּהְיֶה קָשׁוּר בְּאָזְנָהּ. וּבְמוֹךְ שֶׁבְּסַנְדָּלָהּ וְהוּא שֶׁיִּהְיֶה קָשׁוּר בְּסַנְדָּלָהּ. וּבְמוֹךְ שֶׁהִתְקִינָה לְנִדָּתָהּ וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ קָשׁוּר וַאֲפִלּוּ עָשְׂתָה לוֹ בֵּית יָד שֶׁאִם נָפַל אֵינָהּ מְבִיאָה אוֹתוֹ מִפְּנֵי מְאִיסוּתוֹ:

11 A woman may go out with padding in her ear, and that is so long as it is tied to her ear; and with padding in her shoe, and that is so long as it is tied to her shoe; and with padding that she affixed for her menses - even though it is not tied. And [the latter is permissible] even if she made a handle for it; as if it falls, she will not carry it due to its being disgusting.

12 יב

וְיוֹצְאָה בְּפִלְפֵּל וּבְגַרְגִּיר מֶלַח וּבְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁתִּתֵּן לְתוֹךְ פִּיהָ מִפְּנֵי רֵיחַ הַפֶּה. וְלֹא תִּתֵּן לְכַתְּחִלָּה בְּשַׁבָּת. יוֹצְאוֹת הַנָּשִׁים בְּקֵיסָמִין שֶׁבְּאָזְנֵיהֶן וּבִרְעָלוֹת שֶׁבְּצַוָּארָן אוֹ שֶׁבִּכְסוּתָן וּבָרְדִיד הַפָּרוּף וּפוֹרֶפֶת בַּתְּחִלָּה בְּשַׁבָּת עַל הָאֶבֶן וְעַל הָאֱגוֹז וְיוֹצְאָה. וְלֹא תַּעֲרִים וְתִפְרֹף עַל הָאֱגוֹז כְּדֵי לְהוֹצִיאוֹ לִבְנָהּ הַקָּטָן. וְכֵן לֹא תִּפְרֹף עַל הַמַּטְבֵּעַ לְכַתְּחִלָּה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאָסוּר לְטַלְטְלוֹ. וְאִם פָּרְפָה יוֹצְאָה בּוֹ:

12 And she may go out with pepper or a grain of salt or with anything that she puts into her mouth because of bad breath. But she should not put them [in her mouth] on Shabbat at the outset. Women may go out with twigs in their ears (that keep holes for earrings open) and with veils [around] their necks or on their clothes or with a shawl that is fastened. And she may fasten [it] at the outset on Shabbat with a stone or a nut and go out. But she may not make a ruse and fasten it with a nut to take it out for her young child. Likewise, she should not fasten with a coin at the outset, as it is forbidden to move it. But if she fastened [it with it before Shabbat], she may go out with it.

13 יג

יוֹצֵא אָדָם בְּקֵיסָם שֶׁבְּשִׁנָּיו וְשֶׁבְּסַנְדָּלוֹ לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. וְאִם נָפַל לֹא יַחֲזִיר. וּבְמוֹךְ וּבִסְפוֹג שֶׁעַל גַּבֵּי הַמַּכָּה וּבִלְבַד שֶׁלֹּא יִכְרֹךְ עֲלֵיהֶן חוּט אוֹ מְשִׁיחָה שֶׁהֲרֵי הַחוּט וְהַמְּשִׁיחָה חֲשׁוּבִין אֶצְלוֹ וְאֵינָם מוֹעִילִין לַמַּכָּה. וְיוֹצֵא בִּקְלִפַּת הַשּׁוּם וּבִקְלִפַּת הַבָּצָל שֶׁעַל הַמַּכָּה וּבְאֶגֶד שֶׁעַל גַּבֵּי מַכָּה וְקוֹשְׁרוֹ וּמַתִּירוֹ בְּשַׁבָּת. וּבְאִסְפְּלָנִית וּמְלוּגְמָא וּרְטִיָּה שֶׁעַל גַּבֵּי הַמַּכָּה וּבְסֶלַע שֶׁעַל הִצִּינִית וּבְבֵיצַת הַחַרְגּוֹל וּבְשֵׁן הַשּׁוּעָל וּבְמַסְמֵר הַצָּלוּב. וּבְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁתּוֹלִין אוֹתוֹ מִשּׁוּם רְפוּאָה וְהוּא שֶׁיֹּאמְרוּ הָרוֹפְאִים שֶׁהוּא מוֹעִיל:

13 One may go out with a twig in his teeth or in his shoe to the public domain. But if it falls out, he should not replace [it]. And with padding or a sponge over a wound, so long as he does not tie a string or a cord over it. For a string and a cord have [a distinct] importance to him and are not useful for the wound. And he may go out with a garlic peel or an onion peel upon a wound or a dressing on top of a wound, and he may tie it and untie it on Shabbat. And with a bandage or an emollient or a plaster on top of a wound; and with a coin on top of a callus, and with a locust's egg, a fox's tooth and the nail of one crucified (which were understood to have medicinal properties). And with anything that we drape for healing - and that is when the physicians say it is useful.

14 יד

יוֹצֵאת הָאִשָּׁה בְּאֶבֶן תְּקוּמָה וּבְמִשְׁקַל אֶבֶן תְּקוּמָה שֶׁנִּתְכַּוֵּן וּשְׁקָלוֹ לִרְפוּאָה. וְלֹא אִשָּׁה עֻבָּרָה בִּלְבַד אֶלָּא אֲפִלּוּ שְׁאָר הַנָּשִׁים שֶׁמָּא תִּתְעַבֵּר וְתַפִּיל. וְיוֹצְאִין בְּקָמֵעַ מֻמְחֶה. וְאֵי זֶה הוּא קָמֵעַ מֻמְחֶה זֶה שֶׁרִפֵּא לִשְׁלֹשָׁה בְּנֵי אָדָם אוֹ שֶׁעֲשָׂהוּ אָדָם שֶׁרִפֵּא שְׁלֹשָׁה בְּנֵי אָדָם בִּקְמֵעִין אֲחֵרִים. וְאִם יָצָא בְּקָמֵעַ שֶׁאֵינוֹ מֻמְחֶה פָּטוּר. מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוֹצִיאוֹ דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ. וְכֵן הַיּוֹצֵא בִּתְפִלִּין פָּטוּר:

14 A woman my go out with a preservation stone or the counterweight of a preservation stone - that has been examined and weighed - (both of which are meant to prevent a miscarriage). And not only a pregnant woman, but even other women – lest she become pregnant and have a miscarriage. And we may go out with an expert charm. And which is an expert charm? One that has healed three people or was made by someone who has healed three people with other charms. But if one went out with a charm that is not expert, he is exempt – since he took it out by way of clothing. And likewise one who went out [adorned] with tefillin is exempt.

15 טו

מִי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּרַגְלוֹ מַכָּה יוֹצֵא בְּסַנְדָּל יְחִידִי בְּרַגְלוֹ הַבְּרִיאָה. וְאִם אֵין בְּרַגְלוֹ מַכָּה לֹא יֵצֵא בְּסַנְדָּל יָחִיד. וְלֹא יֵצֵא קָטָן בְּמִנְעָל גָּדוֹל אֲבָל יוֹצֵא הוּא בְּחָלוּק גָּדוֹל. וְלֹא תֵּצֵא אִשָּׁה בְּמִנְעָל רָפוּי וְלֹא בְּמִנְעָל חָדָשׁ שֶׁלֹּא יָצְאָה בּוֹ שָׁעָה אַחַת מִבְּעוֹד יוֹם. וְאֵין הַקִּטֵּעַ יוֹצֵא בְּקַב שֶׁלּוֹ. אַנְקַּטְמִין שֶׁל עֵץ אֵין יוֹצְאִין בָּהֶן בְּשַׁבָּת מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָן מִדַּרְכֵי הַמַּלְבּוּשׁ. וְאִם יָצְאוּ פְּטוּרִין:

15 One who has a wound on his foot may go out with a shoe on his [other] healthy foot. But if he does not have a wound on his foot, he may not go out with a single shoe. And an infant may not go out with a large sandal, but he may go out with a large cloak. And a woman may not go out with a loose sandal, nor with a new shoe with which she did not go out for an hour while still day (before Shabbat). And one missing a leg may not go out with his stub. We do not go out with wooden shoes on Shabbat, because they are not the way of clothing. But if they go out [with any of these], they are exempt.

16 טז

יוֹצְאִין בִּפְקָרִיוֹן וּבְצִיפָה שֶׁבְּרָאשֵׁי בַּעֲלֵי חֲטָטִין. אֵימָתַי בִּזְמַן שֶׁצְּבָעָן בְּשֶׁמֶן וּכְרָכָן אוֹ שֶׁיָּצָא בָּהֶן שָׁעָה אַחַת מִבְּעוֹד יוֹם. אֲבָל אִם לֹא עָשָׂה בָּהֶן מַעֲשֶׂה וְלֹא יָצָא בָּהֶן קֹדֶם הַשַּׁבָּת אָסוּר לָצֵאת בָּהֶן:

16 One may go out with a toupee or combed wool that are on the heads of people with scabs. When? When he has dyed them (in oil) and tied them; or if one went out them for an hour while still day (before Shabbat). But if he has not done a [preparatory] act to them and has not gone out with them before Shabbat, it is forbidden to go out with them.

17 יז

יוֹצְאִין בְּשַׂק עָבֶה וּבִירִיעָה וּבְסָגוֹס עָבֶה וּבַחֲמִילָה מִפְּנֵי הַגְּשָׁמִים. אֲבָל לֹא בְּתֵבָה וְלֹא בְּקֻפָּה וְלֹא בְּמַחְצֶלֶת מִפְּנֵי הַגְּשָׁמִים. הַכַּר וְהַכֶּסֶת אִם הָיוּ רַכִּין וְדַקִּין כְּמוֹ הַבְּגָדִים מֻתָּר לְהוֹצִיאָן מֻנָּחִין עַל רֹאשׁוֹ בְּשַׁבָּת דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ. וְאִם הָיוּ קָשִׁין הֲרֵי הֵן כְּמַשּׂאוֹי וַאֲסוּרִין:

17 We may go out with thick sackcloth, with drapes, with a thick sagum and with a chamilah on account of the rain; but not with a box, a container or a mat on account of the rain. If they were soft and thin, it is permissible to take out a pillow or a bedspread resting upon one’s head in the way of clothing on Shabbat. But if they were hard, they are like a load and [so] forbidden.

18 יח

יוֹצְאִין בְּזוֹגִין הָאֲרוּגִין בַּבְּגָדִים. וְיוֹצֵא הָעֶבֶד בְּחוֹתָם שֶׁל טִיט שֶׁבְּצַוָּארוֹ אֲבָל לֹא בְּחוֹתָם שֶׁל מַתֶּכֶת שֶׁמָּא יִפּל וִיבִיאֶנּוּ. הַמִּתְעַטֵּף בְּטַלִּיתוֹ וְקִפְּלָהּ מִכָּאן וּמִכָּאן בְּיָדוֹ אוֹ עַל כְּתֵפוֹ אִם נִתְכַּוֵּן לְקַבֵּץ כְּנָפָיו כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִקָּרְעוּ אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא יִתְלַכְלְכוּ אָסוּר. וְאִם קִבְּצָן לְהִתְנָאוֹת בָּהֶן כְּמִנְהַג אַנְשֵׁי הַמָּקוֹם בְּמַלְבּוּשָׁן מֻתָּר:

18 We may go out with bells that are woven into clothing. And a slave may go out with a clay seal upon his neck but not with a metal seal, lest it fall and he carry it. One who wraps himself with a tallit and folds it on both sides into his hand or upon his shoulder: If he intended to gather its corners so that it not tear or get dirty, it is forbidden; but if he gathered them to enhance his appearance through [this] - as is the custom of people [so] dressed - it is permissible.

19 יט

הַיּוֹצֵא בְּטַלִּית מְקֻפֶּלֶת וּמֻנַּחַת עַל כְּתֵפוֹ חַיָּב. אֲבָל יוֹצֵא הוּא בְּסוּדָר שֶׁעַל כְּתֵפוֹ אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין נִימָה קְשׁוּרָה לוֹ בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ. וְכָל סוּדָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ חוֹפֶה רֹאשׁוֹ וְרֻבּוֹ אָסוּר לָצֵאת בּוֹ. הָיְתָה סַכְנִית קְצָרָה שֶׁאֵינָהּ רְחָבָה קוֹשֵׁר שְׁנֵי רָאשֶׁיהָ לְמַטָּה מִכְּתֵפַיִם וְנִמְצֵאת כְּמוֹ אַבְנֵט וּמֻתָּר לָצֵאת בָּהּ:

19 One who goes out with a tallit (completely) folded on his shoulder is liable. But he may go out with a kerchief on his shoulder, even though there is no string tied to his finger (so that it not fall). However it is forbidden to go out with any kerchief that does not cover one's head and most of him. If [one had] a short scarf that is not wide, he must tie its two ends below the shoulders; and it comes out to be like a belt, so it is permissible to go out with it.

20 כ

מֻתָּר לְהִתְעַטֵּף בְּטַלִּית שֶׁיֵּשׁ בְּשִׂפְתוֹתֶיהָ מֶלֶל אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהֵן חוּטִין אֲרֻכִּין וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינָן נוֹי הַטַּלִּית מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן בְּטֵלִים לְגַבֵּי הַטַּלִּית וְאֵינוֹ מַקְפִּיד עֲלֵיהֶן בֵּין הָיוּ בֵּין לֹא הָיוּ. לְפִיכָךְ הַיּוֹצֵא בְּטַלִּית שֶׁאֵינָהּ מְצֻיֶּצֶת כְּהִלְכָתָהּ חַיָּב מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאוֹתָן הַחוּטִין חֲשׁוּבִין הֵן אֶצְלוֹ וְדַעְתּוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן עַד שֶׁיַּשְׁלִים חֶסְרוֹנָן וְיֵעָשׂוּ צִיצִית. אֲבָל טַלִּית הַמְצֻיֶּצֶת כְּהִלְכָתָהּ מֻתָּר לָצֵאת בָּהּ בֵּין בַּיּוֹם בֵּין בַּלַּיְלָה. שֶׁאֵין הַצִּיצִית הַגְּמוּרָה מַשּׂאוֹי אֶלָּא הֲרֵי הִיא מִנּוֹי הַבֶּגֶד וּמִתַּכְסִיסָיו כְּמוֹ הָאִמְרָא וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהּ. וְאִלּוּ הָיוּ חוּטֵי הַצִּיצִית שֶׁהִיא מְצֻיֶּצֶת כְּהִלְכָתָהּ מַשּׂאוֹי הָיָה חַיָּב הַיּוֹצֵא בָּהּ אֲפִלּוּ בְּיוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת שֶׁאֵין מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה שֶׁאֵין בָּהּ כָּרֵת דּוֹחָה שַׁבָּת:

20 It is permissible to wrap oneself in a tallit that has loose ends on its edges – even though they are long strings and even though they [do not add to] the beauty of the tallit - because they are nullified with relation to the tallit and he is not concerned whether they be there or not be there. Hence one who goes out with a tallit that is not properly adorned with tsitsit (ritual fringes) is liable, on account of their having [a distinct] importance to him – and his mind is upon them until he completes their lack and they are turned into tsitsit. But it is permissible to go out with a tallit that is properly adorned with tsitsit - whether by day or by night (even though the commandment of tsitsit only applies to the day and not to the night). For finished tsitsit are not a load, but are surely the beauty of the garment and its ornamentation - like the wool stripe and that which is similar to it. As if the strings of the tsitsit of a tallit that is properly adorned with tsitsit were a load, even one who would go out with them during Shabbat day would be liable – as no positive commandment that does not have [a penalty of] excision] overrides Shabbat.

21 כא

לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּשַׁבָּת בְּמַחַט הַתְּחוּבָה לוֹ בְּבִגְדוֹ. וְלֹא נַגָּר בְּקֵיסָם שֶׁבְּאָזְנוֹ. וְלֹא גַּרְדִּי בָּאִירָא שֶׁבְּאָזְנוֹ. וְלֹא סוֹרֵק בִּמְשִׁיחָה שֶׁבְּאָזְנוֹ. וְלֹא שֻׁלְחָנִי בְּדִינָר שֶׁבְּצַוָּארוֹ. וְלֹא צַבָּע בְּדֻגְמָא שֶׁבְּאָזְנוֹ. וְאִם יָצָא פָּטוּר אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁיָּצָא דֶּרֶךְ אֻמָּנוּתוֹ מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלֹּא הוֹצִיא כְּדֶרֶךְ הַמּוֹצִיאִין:

21 A tailor should not go out with a needle pinned to his clothing on Shabbat; nor a carpenter with a twig (used in his trade) in his ear, nor a weaver with a sample in his ear, nor a comber with a cord [around] his ear, nor a moneychanger with a dinar-coin on his neck, nor a dyer with a sample in his ear. But if he went out, he is exempt – even though it is the way of his craft – on account of his not transporting it in the way of those that transport [it].

22 כב

הַזָּב שֶׁיָּצָא בְּכִיס שֶׁלּוֹ חַיָּב מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין דֶּרֶךְ כִּיס זֶה לְהוֹצִיאוֹ אֶלָּא כַּדֶּרֶךְ הַזֹּאת וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְגוּף הַהוֹצָאָה אֶלָּא כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִתְלַכְלְכוּ בְּגָדָיו שֶׁהַמְּלָאכָה שֶׁאֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה לְגוּפָהּ חַיָּב עָלֶיהָ:

22 A zav (someone suffering from an unusual genital emission) who went out with his receptacle is liable; as the way of this receptacle is to only be transported in this way. And [this is the case] even though he does not need it for the carrying (which is the forbidden type of work here) itself, but rather so that his clothes not get soiled; as one is liable for a type of work in which he does not need the work itself.

23 כג

הַמּוֹצֵא תְּפִלִּין בְּשַׁבָּת בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים כֵּיצַד הוּא עוֹשֶׂה. לוֹבְשָׁן כְּדַרְכָּן, מֵנִיחַ שֶׁל יָד בְּיָדוֹ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וְנִכְנָס וְחוֹלְצָן בְּבַיִת וְחוֹזֵר וְיוֹצֵא וְלוֹבֵשׁ זוּג שֵׁנִי וְחוֹלְצָן עַד שֶׁיַּכְנִיס אֶת כֻּלָּן. וְאִם הָיוּ הַרְבֵּה וְלֹא נִשְׁאַר מִן הַיּוֹם כְּדֵי לְהַכְנִיסָן דֶּרֶךְ מַלְבּוּשׁ הֲרֵי זֶה מַחְשִׁיךְ עֲלֵיהֶם וּמַכְנִיסָן בְּמוֹצָאֵי שַׁבָּת. וְאִם הָיָה בִּימֵי הַגְּזֵרָה שֶׁמִּתְיָרֵא לֵישֵׁב וּלְשָׁמְרָן עַד הָעֶרֶב מִפְּנֵי הַכּוּתִים מְכַסָּן בִּמְקוֹמָן וּמַנִּיחָן וְהוֹלֵךְ:

23 [In the case of] one who finds tefillin on Shabbat in the public domain, [what should] he do? He should wear them in their way - he places the arm tefillin on his arm and the head tefillin on his head, enters the house and removes them. And he should repeat [this] and wear a second pair and remove them [and so forth], until he brings them all into [his house]. But if there were many, such that there was not enough [time] left in the day to bring them all in, in the way way of clothing; he should surely [wait] over them [until] dark and bring them in at the conclusion of Shabbat. However if it was during the time of [an anti-Jewish] decree such that he is afraid to sit and watch them until the evening because of the Kuthites (gentiles), he covers them in their place, leaves them and goes on.

24 כד

הָיָה מִתְיָרֵא לְהַחְשִׁיךְ עֲלֵיהֶן מִפְּנֵי הַלִּסְטִים נוֹטֵל אֶת כֻּלָּן כְּאַחַת וּמוֹלִיכָן פָּחוֹת פָּחוֹת מֵאַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת אוֹ נוֹתְנָן לַחֲבֵרוֹ בְּתוֹךְ אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת וַחֲבֵרוֹ לַחֲבֵרוֹ עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לֶחָצֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה. בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים בְּשֶׁהָיוּ בָּהֶן רְצוּעוֹתֵיהֶן וְהֵן מְקֻשָּׁרִין קֶשֶׁר שֶׁל תְּפִלִּין שֶׁוַּדַּאי תְּפִלִּין הֵן אֲבָל אִם לֹא הָיוּ רְצוּעוֹתֵיהֶן מְקֻשָּׁרוֹת אֵינוֹ נִזְקָק לָהֶן:

24 [If] he was afraid to [wait] over them [until] dark because of robbers, he should take them all together and move them repeatedly less than four ells; or give them to his fellow within four ells, and his fellow to his fellow - until it reaches the outer courtyard [of the habitation]. To what are these words applicable? When they had their straps in them and they were tied with tefillin knots; as [in that case] they were certainly tefillin. But if they do not have their straps tied to them, we are not responsible for them.

25 כה

הַמּוֹצֵא סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה יוֹשֵׁב וּמְשַׁמְּרוֹ וּמַחְשִׁיךְ עָלָיו. וּבַסַּכָּנָה מַנִּיחוֹ וְהוֹלֵךְ לוֹ. וְאִם הָיוּ גְּשָׁמִים יוֹרְדִין מִתְעַטֵּף בְּעוֹר וְחוֹזֵר וּמְכַסֶּה אוֹתוֹ וְנִכְנָס בּוֹ:

25 One who finds a Torah scroll should sit and guard it and [wait] over them [until] dark. But in [a situation] of danger, he leaves it and goes on. However if there was rain falling (when there is no danger), he wraps himself with the parchment and then covers it [with another garment] and enters [his home] with it.

26 כו

לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּמַחֲטוֹ בְּיָדוֹ וְלֹא הַלַּבְלָר בְּקֻלְמוֹסוֹ עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת סָמוּךְ לַחֲשֵׁכָה שֶׁמָּא יִשְׁכַּח וְיוֹצִיא. וְחַיָּב אָדָם לְמַשְׁמֵשׁ בְּבִגְדוֹ עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת עִם חֲשֵׁכָה שֶׁמָּא יִהְיֶה שָׁם דָּבָר שָׁכוּחַ וְיֵצֵא בּוֹ בְּשַׁבָּת. מֻתָּר לָצֵאת בִּתְפִלִּין עֶרֶב שַׁבָּת עִם חֲשֵׁכָה הוֹאִיל וְחַיָּב אָדָם לְמַשְׁמֵשׁ בִּתְפִלָּיו בְּכָל עֵת אֵינוֹ שׁוֹכְחָן. שָׁכַח וְיָצָא בָּהֶן לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים וְנִזְכַּר שֶׁיֵּשׁ לוֹ תְּפִלִּין בְּרֹאשׁוֹ מְכַסֶּה אֶת רֹאשׁוֹ עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לְבֵיתוֹ אוֹ לְבֵית הַמִּדְרָשׁ:

26 A tailor should not go out with his needle in his hand - nor a scribe with his quill - on the eve of Shabbat close to dark, lest he forget and transport it [on Shabbat]. And one is obligated to feel his clothes on the eve of Shabbat with [the onset of night] lest there be something forgotten there and he go out with it on Shabbat. It is permissible to go out with tefillin on the eve of Shabbat with [the onset of night] - since one is obligated to feel the tefillin all the time, he will not forget. If he did forget and went out to the public domain with them and [then] he remembered that he has tefillin on his head, he should cover his head until he reaches his home or the study hall.