8ח׳
1 א

כָּל הַזְּבָחִים שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ בְחַטָּאוֹת הַמֵּתוֹת, אוֹ בְשׁוֹר הַנִּסְקָל, אֲפִלּוּ אֶחָד בְּרִבּוֹא, יָמוּתוּ כֻלָּם. נִתְעָרְבוּ בְשׁוֹר שֶׁנֶּעֶבְדָה בוֹ עֲבֵרָה, אוֹ שֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הָאָדָם עַל פִּי עֵד אֶחָד, אוֹ עַל פִּי הַבְּעָלִים, בְּרוֹבֵעַ, וּבְנִרְבָּע, וּבְמֻקְצֶה, וּבְנֶעֱבָד, וּבְאֶתְנָן, וּבִמְחִיר, וּבְכִלְאַיִם, וּבִטְרֵפָה, וּבְיוֹצֵא דֹפֶן, יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ, וְיִמָּכְרוּ וְיָבִיא בִדְמֵי הַיָּפֶה שֶׁבָּהֶן מֵאוֹתוֹ הַמִּין. נִתְעָרֵב בְּחֻלִּין תְּמִימִים, יִמָּכְרוּ הַחֻלִּין לִצְרִיכֵי אוֹתוֹ הַמִּין:

Any offerings which became mixed up with chata'ot [offerings brought to expiate sin][designated to] die, or with an ox [designated to be] stoned, even if it be one among ten thousand - they all must die. If they became mixed up with an ox that was used to commit a sin, or [with an ox] which killed a person based on [the testimony of] a single witness, or based on [the testimony of] the owners, or with an ox that had relations with a woman, or with whom a man had relations, or with an ox designated for idolatry, or which was worshiped, or with an ox that was used to pay a prostitute, or which was exchanged for a dog, or with a mixed breed, or with a Terefah [an animal with a mortal condition such that it would die within one year], or with an animal born through Caesarean section - these are [all] set to graze until they become blemished, and then they are sold. And one brings [a new animal] equal in value to the most valuable among them, for the same type of sacrifice. If [a sacrifice] became mixed up with unblemished non-consecrated animals, the non-consecrated animals are sold to those requiring that type of sacrifice.

2 ב

קָדָשִׁים בְּקָדָשִׁים מִין בְּמִינוֹ, זֶה יִקְרַב לְשֵׁם מִי שֶׁהוּא וְזֶה יִקְרַב לְשֵׁם מִי שֶׁהוּא. קָדָשִׁים בְּקָדָשִׁים, מִין בְּשֶׁאֵינוֹ מִינוֹ, יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ, וְיִמָּכְרוּ, וְיָבִיא בִדְמֵי הַיָּפֶה שֶׁבָּהֶן מִמִּין זֶה, וּבִדְמֵי הַיָּפֶה שֶׁבָּהֶן מִמִּין זֶה, וְיַפְסִיד הַמּוֹתָר מִבֵּיתוֹ. נִתְעָרְבוּ בִבְכוֹר וּבְמַעֲשֵׂר, יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ, וְיֵאָכְלוּ כִּבְכוֹר וּכְמַעֲשֵׂר. הַכֹּל יְכוֹלִין לְהִתְעָרֵב, חוּץ מִן הַחַטָּאת וּמִן הָאָשָׁם:

[If] consecrated animals [became mixed up] with [other] consecrated animals of the same type, this one is offered for one of the individuals and that one is offered for one of the individuals. [If] consecrated animals [became mixed up] with [other] consecrated animals of a different type - they graze until they become blemished, and then they are sold. And one brings [new animals] equal in value to the most valuable among them for each of the two types, and suffers the difference in value from his own holdings. If they [the animals] became mixed up with a Bechor [first-born offering] or a Ma'aser [animal tithe] - they must graze until they become blemished, and then they are eaten according to [the rules governing] a Bechor or a Ma'aser. All types [of animals designated for sacrifice] can become mixed up, except for the Chatat and the Asham [offerings brought to alleviate guilt].

3 ג

אָשָׁם שֶׁנִּתְעָרֵב בִּשְׁלָמִים, יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, שְׁנֵיהֶם יִשָּׁחֲטוּ בַצָּפוֹן, וְיֵאָכְלוּ כֶחָמוּר שֶׁבָּהֶן. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אֵין מְבִיאִין קָדָשִׁים לְבֵית הַפְּסוּל. נִתְעָרְבוּ חֲתִיכוֹת בַּחֲתִיכוֹת, קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים בְּקָדָשִׁים קַלִּים, הַנֶּאֱכָלִין לְיוֹם אֶחָד בַּנֶּאֱכָלִים לִשְׁנֵי יָמִים, יֵאָכְלוּ כֶחָמוּר שֶׁבָּהֶן:

[If] an Asham became mixed up with a Shelamim [offerings whose various parts are consumed by its owners, the Kohanim and the fire on the altar], they are left to graze until they become blemished. Rabbi Shimon says: Both of them are slaughtered on the north [side of the altar] and they are eaten according to [the rules governing] the more stringent of the two. They [the Sages] said to him: We do not cause consecrated animals to become invalid. If pieces of meat became mixed up with other pieces of meat, the meat of the sacrifices of Kodshai Kodashim [sacrifices of the highest degree of sanctity. They may be slaughtered only on the north-west corner of the altar, and consumed only within the Temple compound by male priests, or burnt entirely] with the meat of Kodashim Kalim [sacrifices of a lesser degree of sanctity. They may be slaughtered anywhere in the Temple courtyard and consumed by most anyone, anywhere in Jerusalem], [or those] which are eaten over one day with those which are eaten over two days - [all] are eaten according to [the rules governing] the more stringent of the two.

4 ד

אֵבְרֵי חַטָּאת שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ בְאֵבְרֵי עוֹלָה, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, יִתֵּן לְמַעְלָן, וְרוֹאֶה אֲנִי אֶת בְּשַׂר הַחַטָּאת מִלְמַעְלָן כְּאִלּוּ הוּא עֵצִים. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, תְּעֻבַּר צוּרָתָן וְיֵצֵא לְבֵית הַשְּׂרֵפָה:

[If] the limbs of a Chatat became mixed up with the limbs of an Olah [an offering that is entirely burnt], Rabbi Eliezer says: One places them on top [of the altar], and I consider the meat of the Chattat on top [of the altar] as if it were wood. The Sages say: Once they loses their form they are brought out to the place of ashes.

5 ה

אֵבָרִין בְּאֵבְרֵי בַעֲלֵי מוּמִין, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אִם קָרֵב רֹאשׁ אַחַד מֵהֶן, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הָרָאשִׁין. כַּרְעוֹ שֶׁל אַחַד מֵהֶן, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הַכְּרָעָיִם. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֲפִלּוּ קָרְבוּ כֻלָּם חוּץ מֵאַחַד מֵהֶן, יֵצֵא לְבֵית הַשְּׂרֵפָה:

[If] limbs [became mixed up] with the limbs of blemished animals, Rabbi Eliezer says: If one of their heads was offered, all of the heads may be offered; if one of their legs was offered, all of the legs may be offered. And the Sages say: Even if all but one of them was offered, the remaining one is taken out to the place of ashes.

6 ו

דָּם שֶׁנִּתְעָרֵב בְּמַיִם, אִם יֶשׁ בּוֹ מַרְאֵה דָם, כָּשֵׁר. נִתְעָרֵב בְּיַיִן, רוֹאִין אוֹתוֹ כְאִלּוּ הוּא מָיִם. נִתְעָרֵב בְּדַם בְּהֵמָה אוֹ בְדַם חַיָּה, רוֹאִין אוֹתוֹ כְאִלּוּ הוּא מָיִם. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אֵין דָּם מְבַטֵּל דָּם:

[If] blood became mixed with water: if it [still] has the appearance of blood, it is valid. If it [blood] became mixed with wine, we view it as if it were water. If it [blood] became mixed with the blood of [another] animal, or with the blood of a [wild kosher] animal, we view it as if it were water. Rabbi Yehudah says: Blood does not nullify blood.

7 ז

נִתְעָרֵב בְּדַם פְּסוּלִין, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה. בְּדַם תַּמְצִית, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מַכְשִׁיר. אִם לֹא נִמְלַךְ וְנָתַן, כָּשֵׁר:

[If blood] was mixed with blood of invalid sacrifices, it is poured out in the drain. [If it was mixed] with the animal's final blood [that emerges following its slaughter], it is poured out in the drain. Rabbi Eliezer deems it valid. If [the priest] did not consult and applied the blood [mixture] it is valid.

8 ח

דַּם תְּמִימִים בְּדַם בַּעֲלֵי מוּמִים, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה. כּוֹס בְּכוֹסוֹת, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, קָרַב כּוֹס אֶחָד, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הַכּוֹסוֹת. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֲפִלּוּ קָרְבוּ כֻלָּם חוּץ מֵאַחַד מֵהֶן, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה:

[If] the blood of valid sacrifices [became mixed] with the blood of blemished sacrifices, it is poured out in the drain. [If] a cup [became mixed up with] cups of [these other types of blood], Rabbi Eliezer says: If one of the cups of blood was applied, all the cups [of blood] can be applied. And the Sages say, even if all but one [cup] was offered, the last one is poured out in the drain.

9 ט

הַנִּתָּנִין לְמַטָּה שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ בַנִּתָּנִין לְמַעְלָה, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, יִתֵּן לְמַעְלָה, וְרוֹאֶה אֲנִי אֶת הַתַּחְתּוֹנִים לְמַעְלָה כְּאִלּוּ הֵן מַיִם, וְיַחֲזֹר וְיִתֵּן לְמָטָּה. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, יִשָּׁפְכוּ לָאַמָּה. וְאִם לֹא נִמְלַךְ וְנָתַן, כָּשֵׁר:

[If] blood [that should be] applied below [the altar's midpoint] became mixed with blood [that should be] applied above [the altar's midpoint], Rabbi Eliezer says: They should all be applied above, and I consider the blood that should be applied below as if it were water; and then he should repeat a [second] application below. And the Sages say they must be poured out into the drain. But if [the priest] did not consult and applied the blood [mixture] it is valid.

10 י

הַנִּתָּנִין מַתָּנָה אַחַת שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ בַנִּתָּנִין בְּמַתָּנָה אַחַת, יִנָּתְנוּ מַתָּנָה אֶחָת. מַתַּן אַרְבַּע בְּמַתַּן אַרְבַּע, יִנָּתְנוּ בְּמַתַּן אַרְבַּע. מַתַּן אַרְבַּע בְּמַתָּנָה אַחַת, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, יִנָּתְנוּ בְמַתַּן אַרְבַּע. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, יִנָּתְנוּ בְמַתָּנָה אֶחָת. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, וַהֲרֵי הוּא עוֹבֵר עַל בַּל תִּגְרַע. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, וַהֲרֵי הוּא עוֹבֵר עַל בַּל תּוֹסִיף. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, לֹא נֶאֱמַר בַּל תּוֹסִיף אֶלָּא כְשֶׁהוּא בְעַצְמוֹ. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, לֹא נֶאֱמַר בַּל תִּגְרַע אֶלָּא כְשֶׁהוּא בְעַצְמוֹ. וְעוֹד אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, כְּשֶׁנָּתַתָּ, עָבַרְתָּ עַל בַּל תּוֹסִיף וְעָשִׂיתָ מַעֲשֶׂה בְיָדֶךָ. וּכְשֶׁלֹּא נָתַתָּ, עָבַרְתָּ עַל בַּל תִּגְרַע וְלֹא עָשִׂיתָ מַעֲשֶׂה בְיָדֶךָ:

[If] blood that [requires] one application became mixed with [other] blood that [also requires] one application, they [should apply] one application. [If] blood that [requires] four applications [became mixed with blood that requires] four applications, they [should apply] four applications. [If] blood that [requires] four [applications became mixed] with [blood] that [requires] one, Rabbi Eliezer says: They [should apply] four applications. Rabbi Yehoshua says: They [should apply] one application. Rabbi Eliezer said to him [that by doing so] one violates [the commandment of] "Do not detract [from the Torah's commandments]". Rabbi Yehoshua said to him [that by following his approach] one violates [the commandment of] "Do not add [to the Torah's commandments]". Rabbi Eliezer said to him: "Do not add" only applies if it is by itself. Rabbi Yehoshua said to him: "Do not detract" [too] only applies if it is by itself. And Rabbi Yehoshua further said: When you apply [extra] you actively violate "Do not add"; [but] when you do not apply, you violate "Do not detract" but you do it passively.

11 יא

הַנִּתָּנִין בִּפְנִים שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ עִם הַנִּתָּנִין בַּחוּץ, יִשָּׁפְכוּ לָאַמָּה. נָתַן בַּחוּץ וְחָזַר וְנָתַן בִּפְנִים, כָּשֵׁר. בִּפְנִים וְחָזַר וְנָתַן בַּחוּץ, רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא פוֹסֵל, וַחֲכָמִים מַכְשִׁירִים. שֶׁהָיָה רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, כָּל הַדָּמִים שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ לְכַפֵּר בַּהֵיכָל, פְּסוּלִין. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, חַטָּאת בִּלְבָד. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַף הָאָשָׁם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ז) כַּחַטָּאת כָּאָשָׁם:

[If] blood [that should be] applied [on the] inside [incense altar] became mixed with blood [that should be] applied [on the] outside [main altar], it [the mixture] must be poured out into the drain. If he applied them [on the] outside [altar] and then returned and applied them on the inside [altar] it is valid. [If he applied them on the] inside [altar] and then returned and applied them on the outside [altar], Rabbi Akiva invalidates it, but the Sages deem that valid. For Rabbi Akiva was wont to say: All blood that enters the Sanctuary for atonement becomes invalid, but the Sages say this only applies to [that of] the sin-offering. Rabbi Eliezer says: Also the Asham as it states, "Like the Chattat, so is the Asham" (Leviticus 7:7).

12 יב

חַטָּאת שֶׁקִּבֵּל דָּמָהּ בִּשְׁנֵי כוֹסוֹת, יָצָא אַחַד מֵהֶן לַחוּץ, הַפְּנִימִי כָּשֵׁר. נִכְנַס אַחַד מֵהֶן לִפְנִים, רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי מַכְשִׁיר בַּחִיצוֹן, וַחֲכָמִים פּוֹסְלִין. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי, מָה אִם בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁהַמַּחֲשָׁבָה פוֹסֶלֶת, בַּחוּץ, לֹא עָשָׂה אֶת הַמְשׁוֹאָר כַּיוֹצֵא, מְקוֹם שֶׁאֵין הַמַּחֲשָׁבָה פוֹסֶלֶת, בִּפְנִים, אֵינוֹ דִין שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשֶׂה אֶת הַמְשׁוֹאָר כַּנִּכְנָס. נִכְנַס לְכַפֵּר, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא כִפֵּר, פָּסוּל, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁיְּכַפֵּר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם הִכְנִיס שׁוֹגֵג, כָּשֵׁר. כָּל הַדָּמִים הַפְּסוּלִין שֶׁנִּתְּנוּ עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, לֹא הִרְצָה הַצִּיץ אֶלָּא עַל הַטָּמֵא, שֶׁהַצִּיץ מְרַצֶּה עַל הַטָּמֵא, וְאֵינוֹ מְרַצֶּה עַל הַיּוֹצֵא:

[If] the blood of a Chattat was collected in two cups, [and] one of them left [was taken] out [of the Temple courtyard], the one [remaining] inside is valid. If one [of them] entered inside [the Sanctuary], Rabbi Yose HaGlilli deems valid the one [remaining] outside, but the Sages deem it invalid. Rabbi Yose HaGlilli said: If in a case where [unlawful] thoughts [about acting] outside invalidate, we do not consider the remainder like the one went out, then certainly in a case where [unlawful] thoughts [about acting] inside does not invalidate, we should not consider the remainder like the one that went in. If it entered the Sanctuary to atone even though it did not atone, it is invalid, these are the words of Rabbi Eliezer. Rabbi Shimon says, [it is not invalid] unless it atones. Rabbi Yehudah says: If it accidentally entered [the Sanctuary] it is valid. The forehead plate [worn by the high priest] does not atone for invalid blood that was dashed on the altar, except for impure [cases], since the forehead plate atones for impure [cases] but not for blood that leaves [the Temple courtyard].