13י״ג
1 א

הַשּׁוֹחֵט וְהַמַּעֲלֶה בַחוּץ, חַיָּב עַל הַשְּׁחִיטָה וְחַיָּב עַל הָעֲלִיָּה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר, שָׁחַט בִּפְנִים וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, חַיָּב. שָׁחַט בַּחוּץ וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, פָּטוּר, שֶׁלֹּא הֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ אֶלָּא דָבָר פָּסוּל. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף הַשּׁוֹחֵט בִּפְנִים וּמַעֲלֶה בַחוּץ, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהוֹצִיאוֹ, פְּסָלוֹ:

He who slaughters and offers up outside [the Temple courtyard] is liable in respect of slaughtering and in respect of offering. Rabbi Yose the Galilean says: if he slaughtered inside and offered up outside, [he is liable]; if he slaughtered outside and offered up outside, he is not liable [for offering up], because he offered up only that which was unfit. They said to him: even when one slaughters inside and offers up outside, since he carries it out, he renders it unfit.

2 ב

טָמֵא שֶׁאָכַל, בֵּין קֹדֶשׁ טָמֵא וּבֵין קֹדֶשׁ טָהוֹר, חַיָּב. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי הַגְּלִילִי אוֹמֵר, טָמֵא שֶׁאָכַל טָהוֹר, חַיָּב. וְטָמֵא שֶׁאָכַל טָמֵא, פָּטוּר, שֶׁלֹּא אָכַל אֶלָּא דָבָר טָמֵא. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף טָמֵא שֶׁאָכַל טָהוֹר, כֵּיוָן שֶׁנָּגַע בּוֹ, טִמְּאָהוּ. וְטָהוֹר שֶׁאָכַל טָמֵא, פָּטוּר, שֶׁאֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא עַל טֻמְאַת הַגּוּף:

An unclean [person] who eats [of sacrifices], whether unclean sacrifices or clean sacrifices, is liable. Rabbi Yose the Galilean says: an unclean person who eats clean [sacrifices] is liable, but an unclean person who eats unclean [sacrifices] is not liable because he ate only that which is unclean. They said to him: even when an unclean person eats clean [sacrifices], when he touches it, he defiles it. A clean person who eats unclean [sacrifices] is not liable, because one is liable only on account of bodily uncleanness.

3 ג

חֹמֶר בַּשְּׁחִיטָה מִבָּעֲלִיָּה, וּבָעֲלִיָּה מִבַּשְּׁחִיטָה. חֹמֶר בַּשְּׁחִיטָה, שֶׁהַשּׁוֹחֵט לְהֶדְיוֹט, חַיָּב, וְהַמַּעֲלֶה לְהֶדְיוֹט, פָּטוּר. חֹמֶר בָּעֲלִיָּה, שְׁנַיִם שֶׁאָחֲזוּ בְסַכִּין וְשָׁחֲטוּ, פְּטוּרִים. אָחֲזוּ בְאֵבָר וְהֶעֱלוּהוּ, חַיָּבִין. הֶעֱלָה, וְחָזַר וְהֶעֱלָה, וְחָזַר וְהֶעֱלָה, חַיָּב עַל כָּל עֲלִיָּה וַעֲלִיָּה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אַחַת, וְאֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַד שֶׁיַּעֲלֶה לְרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ הֶעֱלָה עַל הַסֶּלַע אוֹ עַל הָאֶבֶן, חַיָּב:

Slaughtering [outside the Temple] is more stringent than offering up [outside], and offering up [is more stringent] than slaughtering. Slaughtering is more stringent, for he who slaughters [a sacrifice] to a man is liable, whereas he who offers up to a man is not liable. Offering up is more stringent: two who hold a knife and slaughter are not liable, [whereas] if two take hold of a limb and offer it up, they are liable. If one offered up, then offered up again, then offered up again, he is liable in respect of each [act of] offering up, the words of Rabbi Shimon. Rabbi Yose says: he is liable for only one. He is liable only when he offers up on the top of an altar. Rabbi Shimon says: he is liable even if he offers up on the top of a rock or a stone.

4 ד

אֶחָד קָדָשִׁים כְּשֵׁרִין וְאֶחָד קָדָשִׁים פְּסוּלִין שֶׁהָיָה פְסוּלָן בַּקֹּדֶשׁ, וְהִקְרִיבָן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. הַמַּעֲלֶה כַזַּיִת מִן הָעוֹלָה וּמִן הָאֵמוּרִין בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. הַקֹּמֶץ, וְהַלְּבוֹנָה, וְהַקְּטֹרֶת, וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים, וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ, וּמִנְחַת נְסָכִין, שֶׁהִקְרִיב מֵאַחַד מֵהֶן כַּזַיִת בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר פּוֹטֵר, עַד שֶׁיַּקְרִיב אֶת כֻּלּוֹ. וְכֻלָּם שֶׁהִקְרִיבָן בִּפְנִים וְשִׁיֵּר בָּהֶן כַּזַּיִת וְהִקְרִיבָן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. וְכֻלָּם שֶׁחָסְרוּ כָל שֶׁהֵן, וְהִקְרִיבָן בַּחוּץ, פָּטוּר:

In regard to both valid sacrifices or invalid sacrifices which had become unfit within [the Temple]: if one offers them outside, he is liable. If one offers up outside [the Temple] as much as an olive’s worth of an olah and its innards [combined], he is liable. As for the fistful [of flour], the frankincense, the incense, the priests’ meal-offering, the anointed priest’s meal-offering, and the meal offering of libations, if [one] offered up as much as an olive of one of these outside, he is liable. But Rabbi Elazar exempts him unless he offers up the whole of them. In all of these cases, if they offered them within, and left over an olive’s worth and one offered it outside, he is liable. In all of these cases, if they became lacking something, and one offered them outside, he is not liable.

5 ה

הַמַּקְרִיב קָדָשִׁים וְאֵמוּרֵיהֶם בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. מִנְחָה שֶׁלֹּא נִקְמְצָה וְהִקְרִיבָהּ בַּחוּץ, פָּטוּר. קְמָצָהּ, וְחָזַר קֻמְצָהּ לְתוֹכָהּ, וְהִקְרִיבָהּ בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב:

One who offers sacrifices together with the innards outside the Temple, is liable. If a minhah had not had its fistful removed and one offered it outside, he is exempt. If one took out the fistful, and then the fistful went back into the minhah, and he offered it outside, he is liable.

6 ו

הַקֹּמֶץ וְהַלְּבוֹנָה, שֶׁהִקְרִיב אֶת אַחַד מֵהֶן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר פּוֹטֵר עַד שֶׁיַּקְרִיב אֶת הַשֵּׁנִי. אֶחָד בִּפְנִים וְאֶחָד בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. שְׁנֵי בְזִיכֵי לְבוֹנָה, שֶׁהִקְרִיב אֶת אַחַד מֵהֶן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר פּוֹטֵר, עַד שֶׁיַּקְרִיב אֶת הַשֵּׁנִי. אֶחָד בִּפְנִים וְאֶחָד בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. הַזּוֹרֵק מִקְצָת דָּמִים בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמְנַסֵּךְ מֵי חָג בֶּחָג בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. רַבִּי נְחֶמְיָה אוֹמֵר, שְׁיָרֵי הַדָּם שֶׁהִקְרִיבָן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב:

As for the fistful and the frankincense, if one offered one of them [without the other] outside [the Temple], he is liable. Rabbi Elazar says: he is exempt unless he offers the second too. [If one offered] one inside and the other outside, he is liable. As for the two dishes of frankincense, if one offered one of them outside, he is liable. Rabbi Elazar says: he is exempt unless he offers the second too. [If one offered] one inside and the other outside, he is liable. If one sprinkles part of the blood outside, he is liable. Rabbi Elazar says: also one who makes a libation of the water of the Festival [of Sukkot] on the festival, outside is liable. Rabbi Nehemiah says: if one offered the residue of the blood outside, he is liable.

7 ז

הַמּוֹלֵק אֶת הָעוֹף בִּפְנִים וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, חַיָּב. מָלַק בַּחוּץ וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, פָּטוּר. הַשּׁוֹחֵט אֶת הָעוֹף בִּפְנִים וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, פָּטוּר. שָׁחַט בַּחוּץ וְהֶעֱלָה בַחוּץ, חַיָּב. נִמְצָא, דֶּרֶךְ הֶכְשֵׁרוֹ מִבִּפְנִים, פְּטוּרוֹ בַחוּץ. דֶּרֶךְ הֶכְשֵׁרוֹ בַחוּץ, פְּטוּרוֹ בִפְנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, כֹּל שֶׁחַיָּבִין עָלָיו בַחוּץ, חַיָּבִין עַל כַּיּוֹצֵא בוֹ בִפְנִים, שֶׁהֶעֱלָהוּ בַחוּץ, חוּץ מִן הַשּׁוֹחֵט בִּפְנִים וּמַעֲלֶה בַחוּץ:

If one nips a bird [offering] inside and offers it up outside, he is liable; If one nips it outside and offers it up outside, he is exempt. If one slaughters a bird inside and offers it up outside, he is exempt. If one slaughters [it] outside and offers [it] up outside, he is liable. Thus its prescribed rite inside exempts him [if he does it] outside, while its prescribed rite outside exempts him [if he does it] inside. Rabbi Shimon says: whatever he is liable for outside, he is liable in similar circumstances inside when one [subsequently] offers it up outside; except when one slaughters [a bird] inside and offers [it] up outside.

8 ח

הַחַטָּאת שֶׁקִּבֵּל דָּמָהּ בְּכוֹס אֶחָד, נָתַן בַּחוּץ וְחָזַר וְנָתַן בִּפְנִים, בִּפְנִים וְחָזַר וְנָתַן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב, שֶׁכֻּלּוֹ רָאוּי לָבֹא בִפְנִים. קִבֵּל דָּמָהּ בִּשְׁנֵי כוֹסוֹת, נָתַן שְׁנֵיהֶם בִּפְנִים, פָּטוּר. שְׁנֵיהֶן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. אֶחָד בִּפְנִים וְאֶחָד בַּחוּץ, פָּטוּר. אֶחָד בַּחוּץ וְאֶחָד בִּפְנִים, חַיָּב עַל הַחִיצוֹן, וְהַפְּנִימִי מְכַפֵּר. לְמַה הַדָּבָר דּוֹמֶה, לְמַפְרִישׁ חַטָּאתוֹ וְאָבְדָה וְהִפְרִישׁ אַחֶרֶת תַּחְתֶּיהָ וְאַחַר כָּךְ נִמְצֵאת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, וַהֲרֵי שְׁתֵּיהֶן עוֹמְדוֹת. שָׁחַט שְׁתֵּיהֶן בִּפְנִים, פָּטוּר. שָׁחַט שְׁתֵּיהֶן בַּחוּץ, חַיָּב. אַחַת בִּפְנִים וְאַחַת בַּחוּץ, פָּטוּר. אַחַת בַּחוּץ וְאַחַת בִּפְנִים, חַיָּב עַל הַחִיצוֹנָה, וְהַפְּנִימִית מְכַפֶּרֶת. כְּשֵׁם שֶׁדָּמָהּ פּוֹטֵר אֶת בְּשָׂרָהּ, כָּךְ הוּא פוֹטֵר אֶת בְּשַׂר חֲבֶרְתָּהּ:

As for a hatat whose blood was received in one goblet: If one [first] sprinkled [the blood] outside and then sprinkled [it] inside; [Or] inside and then outside, he is liable, because the whole of it was eligible inside. If the blood was received in two goblets: If he sprinkled both inside, he is exempt; Both outside, he is liable. One inside and one outside, he is exempt; One outside and one inside, he is liable on account of the one outside, while the one inside makes atonement. To what may this be compared? To one who set aside [an animal for] a hatat, then it was lost, and he set aside another in its place; then the first was found, and [so] both are present. If he slaughtered both of them inside, he is exempt; Both of them outside, he is liable. [If he slaughtered] one inside and one outside, he is exempt; One outside and one inside, he is liable on account of the one outside, while the one inside makes atonement. Just as the blood exempts its own flesh, so does it exempt the flesh of its companion [the other animal].