13י״ג
1 א

בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אֵין מְמָאֲנִין אֶלָּא אֲרוּסוֹת. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, אֲרוּסוֹת וּנְשׂוּאוֹת. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בַּבַּעַל וְלֹא בַיָּבָם. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בַּבַּעַל וּבַיָּבָם. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בְּפָנָיו. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בְּפָנָיו וְשֶׁלֹּא בְפָנָיו. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, בְּבֵית דִּין. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, בְּבֵית דִּין וְשֶׁלֹּא בְבֵית דִּין. אָמְרוּ לָהֶן בֵּית הִלֵּל לְבֵית שַׁמַּאי, מְמָאֶנֶת וְהִיא קְטַנָּה, אֲפִלּוּ אַרְבָּעָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה פְעָמִים. אָמְרוּ לָהֶן בֵּית שַׁמַּאי, אֵין בְּנוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל הֶפְקֵר, אֶלָּא מְמָאֶנֶת וּמַמְתֶּנֶת עַד שֶׁתַּגְדִּיל, וּתְמָאֵן וְתִנָּשֵׂא:

Beit Shammai say: Only betrothed girls may refuse [exercise the right of refusal when married off by their mothers and brothers‎]; but Beit Hillel say: [Both] betrothed and married girls [may refuse]. Beit Shammai say: [Refusal only applies] with a husband and not with a Yavam [one upon whom has fallen the obligation to perform Levirate marriage]; but Beit Hillel say: [Refusal applies both] with a husband and with a Yavam. Beit Shammai say: [Refusal takes effect when done] in his presence; but Beit Hillel say: [Refusal takes effect when done either] in his presence or in his absence. Beit Shammai say: [Refusal must be stated] in a court; but Beit Hillel say: [Refusal can be stated either] in a court or outside a court. Beit Hillel said to Beit Shammai: A girl may refuse [exercise refusal] as a minor even four or five times. Beit Shammai said to them: The daughters of Israel are not to be treated as chattel, rather she may refuse and then wait to attain majority, or refuse and be married.

2 ב

אֵיזוֹ הִיא קְטַנָּה שֶׁצְּרִיכָה לְמָאֵן, כֹּל שֶׁהִשִּׂיאוּהָ אִמָּהּ וְאַחֶיהָ לְדַעְתָּהּ. הִשִּׂיאוּהָ שֶׁלֹּא לְדַעְתָּהּ, אֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה לְמָאֵן. רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בֶּן אַנְטִיגְנוֹס אוֹמֵר, כָּל תִּינוֹקֶת שֶׁאֵינָהּ יְכוֹלָה לִשְׁמֹר קִדּוּשֶׁיהָ, אֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה לְמָאֵן. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אֵין מַעֲשֵׂה קְטַנָּה כְלוּם, אֶלָּא כִמְפֻתָּה. בַּת יִשְׂרָאֵל לְכֹהֵן, לֹא תֹאכַל בַּתְּרוּמָה. בַּת כֹּהֵן לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, תֹּאכַל בַּתְּרוּמָה:

Who is the minor who is required to refuse? Any girl whose mother and brother married her off with her knowledge. [If] they married her off without her knowledge she does not require refusal. Rabbi Chanina ben Antignos says: Any child who is incapable of looking after her betrothal [money] does not require refusal. Rabbi Eliezer says: The act of a minor is meaningless and [such a girl is considered] as one who has been seduced. [If] the daughter of an Israelite [is married] to a priest, she may not eat Terumah [a portion of a crop given to a priest which becomes holy upon separation and may only be consumed by priests and their households]; [if] the daughter of a priest [is married to] an Israelite she may eat Terumah.

3 ג

רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן יַעֲקֹב אוֹמֵר, כָּל עַכָּבָה שֶׁהִיא מִן הָאִישׁ, כְּאִלּוּ הִיא אִשְׁתּוֹ. וְכָל עַכָּבָה שֶׁאֵינָהּ מִן הָאִישׁ, כְּאִלּוּ אֵינָהּ אִשְׁתּוֹ:

Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaakov says: [If] an impediment is due to the man it is as if she is his wife; [if] an impediment is not due to the man it is as if she is not his wife.

4 ד

הַמְמָאֶנֶת בָּאִישׁ, הוּא מֻתָּר בִּקְרוֹבוֹתֶיהָ, וְהִיא מֻתֶּרֶת בִּקְרוֹבָיו, וְלֹא פְסָלָהּ מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה. נָתַן לָהּ גֵּט, הוּא אָסוּר בִּקְרוֹבוֹתֶיהָ, וְהִיא אֲסוּרָה בִקְרוֹבָיו, וּפְסָלָהּ מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה. נָתַן לָהּ גֵּט וְהֶחֱזִירָהּ, מֵאֲנָה בוֹ וְנִשֵּׂאת לְאַחֵר וְנִתְאַרְמְלָה אוֹ נִתְגָּרְשָׁה, מֻתֶּרֶת לַחֲזֹר לוֹ. מֵאֲנָה בוֹ וְהֶחֱזִירָהּ, נָתַן לָהּ גֵּט וְנִשֵּׂאת לְאַחֵר וְנִתְאַרְמְלָה אוֹ נִתְגָּרְשָׁה, אֲסוּרָה לַחֲזֹר לוֹ. זֶה הַכְּלָל, גֵּט אַחַר מֵאוּן, אֲסוּרָה לַחֲזֹר לוֹ. מֵאוּן אַחַר גֵּט, מֻתֶּרֶת לַחֲזֹר לוֹ:

[If] a girl refuses a man he is permitted [to marry] her relatives and she [is permitted] to marry his relatives, and she is not disqualified from [marrying] into the priesthood. [If] he gave her a bill of divorce he is forbidden [from marrying] her relatives and she is forbidden [from marrying] his relatives and she is disqualified [from marrying] into the priesthood. [If] he gave her a bill of divorce and [subsequently] took her back, and she refused him and married somebody else, and [then] was widowed or divorced [from the second man] she is permitted to return to him. [If] she refused him and he took her back and then he gave her a bill of divorce and she married somebody else, and [then] was widowed or divorced [from the second man], she is forbidden to return to him. This is the principle: [If there is] a bill of divorce after refusal - she is forbidden to return to him; [if there is] refusal after a bill of divorce - she is permitted to return to him.

5 ה

הַמְמָאֶנֶת בָּאִישׁ וְנִשֵּׂאת לְאַחֵר וְגֵרְשָׁהּ, לְאַחֵר וּמֵאֲנָה בוֹ, לְאַחֵר וְגֵרְשָׁהּ, לְאַחֵר וּמֵאֲנָה בוֹ, כֹּל שֶׁיָּצָאת הֵימֶנּוּ בְגֵט, אֲסוּרָה לַחֲזֹר לוֹ. בְּמֵאוּן, מֻתֶּרֶת לַחֲזֹר לוֹ:

[If] a woman refused a man and married somebody else who divorced her, then [got married] to another man and refused him, then [got married] to another man who divorced her, then [got married] to another man and refused him, [the law is] she is forbidden to return to any man from whom she left through a bill of divorce, but is permitted to return [to any man whom she she left] through refusal.

6 ו

הַמְגָרֵשׁ אֶת הָאִשָּׁה וְהֶחֱזִירָהּ, מֻתֶּרֶת לַיָּבָם. וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹסֵר. וְכֵן הַמְגָרֵשׁ אֶת הַיְתוֹמָה וְהֶחֱזִירָהּ, מֻתֶּרֶת לַיָּבָם. וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹסֵר. קְטַנָּה שֶׁהִשִּׂיאָהּ אָבִיהָ וְנִתְגָּרְשָׁה, כִּיתוֹמָה בְחַיֵּי הָאָב. הֶחֱזִירָהּ, דִּבְרֵי הַכֹּל, אֲסוּרָה לַיָּבָם:

[If] a man divorced his wife and took her back [and then died], she is permitted to the Yavam, but Rabbi Eliezer forbids [him from marrying her]. And similarly, [if] one divorced an orphan and took her back she is permitted to the Yavam, but Rabbi Eliezer forbids [him from marrying her]. [If] a minor was married off by her father and she [was subsequently] divorced, she is considered an orphan during the father's lifetime [that is, the father has lost his authority over her]. [If] he took her back all [opinions] agree that she is forbidden to the Yavam.

7 ז

שְׁנֵי אַחִין נְשׂוּאִין לִשְׁתֵּי אֲחָיוֹת יְתוֹמוֹת קְטַנּוֹת, וּמֵת בַּעְלָהּ שֶׁל אַחַת מֵהֶן, תֵּצֵא מִשּׁוּם אֲחוֹת אִשָּׁה. וְכֵן שְׁתֵּי חֵרְשׁוֹת גְדוֹלָה וּקְטַנָּה, מֵת בַּעְלָהּ שֶׁל קְטַנָּה, תֵּצֵא הַקְּטַנָּה מִשּׁוּם אֲחוֹת אִשָּׁה. מֵת בַּעְלָהּ שֶׁל גְּדוֹלָה, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, מְלַמְּדִין אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה שֶׁתְּמָאֵן בּוֹ. רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אִם מֵאֲנָה, מֵאֲנָה. וְאִם לָאו, תַּמְתִּין עַד שֶׁתַּגְדִּיל, וְתֵצֵא הַלָּזוּ מִשּׁוּם אֲחוֹת אִשָּׁה. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, אִי לוֹ עַל אִשְׁתּוֹ, וְאִי לוֹ עַל אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו. מוֹצִיא אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ בְגֵט, וְאֵשֶׁת אָחִיו בַּחֲלִיצָה:

[If] two brothers are married to two sisters who are minors and orphans, and the husband of one dies, [the widow] is released since she is [the Yavam's] wife's sister. [The law] is similar [in the case of] two deaf-mute women. [If two brothers are married to two sisters one of whom is] an adult and [one of whom] is a minor, [if] the husband of the minor dies, the minor is released since she is [the Yavam's] wife's sister; [if] the husband of the adult dies, Rabbi Eliezer says: We instruct the minor to refuse him [allowing her sister to undergo Yibum]. Rabban Gamliel says: If she refuses, she refuses [her refusal is valid and], and if not, she waits until she attains majority and then the other is released since she is [the Yavam's] wife's sister. Rabbi Yehoshua says: Woe to him because of his wife and woe to him because of his brother's wife - he removes his wife with a bill of divorce and his brother's wife with Chalitzah [the ceremony releasing the widow of a childless man from the obligation of Levirate marriage].

8 ח

מִי שֶׁהָיָה נָשׂוּי לִשְׁתֵּי יְתוֹמוֹת קְטַנּוֹת, וּמֵת, בִּיאָתָהּ אוֹ חֲלִיצָתָהּ שֶׁל אַחַת מֵהֶן פּוֹטֶרֶת צָרָתָהּ. וְכֵן שְׁתֵּי חֵרְשׁוֹת. קְטַנָּה וְחֵרֶשֶׁת, אֵין בִּיאַת אַחַת מֵהֶן פּוֹטֶרֶת צָרָתָהּ. פִּקַּחַת וְחֵרֶשֶׁת, בִּיאַת הַפִּקַּחַת פּוֹטֶרֶת אֶת הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, וְאֵין בִּיאַת הַחֵרֶשֶׁת פּוֹטֶרֶת אֶת הַפִּקַּחַת. גְּדוֹלָה וּקְטַנָּה, בִּיאַת הַגְּדוֹלָה פוֹטֶרֶת אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה, וְאֵין בִּיאַת הַקְּטַנָּה פוֹטֶרֶת אֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה:

[If] a man was married to two orphans who were minors and he died - [if] one of them has relations [with the Yavam] or performs Chalitzah she exempts her rival. [The law] is similar [in the case of] two deaf-mute women. [If a man is married to] a minor and a deaf mute [and dies] - [if] one of them has relations [with the Yavam] or performs Chalitzah she does not exempt her rival. [If a man is married to] a hearing woman and a deaf-mute woman [and dies] - [if] the hearing one has relations [with the Yavam] she exempts her rival, but [if] the deaf-mute has relations [with the Yavam] she does not exempt her rival. [If a man is married to] an adult and a minor [and dies] - [if] the adult has relations [with the Yavam] she exempts the minor, but [if] the minor has relations [with the Yavam] she does not exempt the adult.

9 ט

מִי שֶׁהָיָה נָשׂוּי לִשְׁתֵּי יְתוֹמוֹת קְטַנּוֹת, וּמֵת, בָּא יָבָם עַל הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַשְּׁנִיָּה, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַשְּׁנִיָּה, לֹא פָסַל אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה. וְכֵן שְׁתֵּי חֵרְשׁוֹת. קְטַנָּה וְחֵרֶשֶׁת, בָּא יָבָם עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, לֹא פָסַל אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה. בָּא יָבָם עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, פָּסַל אֶת הַחֵרֶשֶׁת:

[If] a man was married to two orphans who were minors and he died - [if] the Yavam had relations with the first one and then had relations with the second one, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the second one, he has not disqualified the first one. [The law] is similar [in the case of] two deaf-mute women. [If a man is married to] a minor and a deaf mute [and dies] - [if] the Yavam had relations with the minor and then had relations with the deaf-mute, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the deaf-mute, he has not disqualified the minor. [If] the Yavam had relations with the deaf-mute and then had relations with the minor, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the minor, he has disqualified the deaf-mute.

10 י

פִּקַּחַת וְחֵרֶשֶׁת, בָּא יָבָם עַל הַפִּקַּחַת, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת, לֹא פָסַל אֶת הַפִּקַּחַת. בָּא יָבָם עַל הַחֵרֶשֶׁת וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַפִּקַּחַת, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַפִּקַּחַת, פָּסַל אֶת הַחֵרֶשֶׁת:

[If a man is married to] a hearing woman and a deaf-mute woman [and dies] - [if] the Yavam had relations with the hearing woman and then had relations with the deaf-mute, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the deaf-mute, he has not disqualified the hearing woman. [If] the Yavam had relations with the deaf-mute and then had relations with the hearing woman, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the hearing woman, he has disqualified the deaf-mute.

11 יא

גְּדוֹלָה וּקְטַנָּה, בָּא יָבָם עַל הַגְּדוֹלָה, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, לֹא פָסַל אֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה. בָּא יָבָם עַל הַקְּטַנָּה, וְחָזַר וּבָא עַל הַגְּדוֹלָה, אוֹ שֶׁבָּא אָחִיו עַל הַגְּדוֹלָה, פָּסַל אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר, מְלַמְּדִין הַקְּטַנָּה שֶׁתְּמָאֵן בּוֹ:

[If a man is married to] an adult and a minor [and dies] - [if] the Yavam had relations with the adult and then had relations with the minor, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the minor, he has not disqualified the adult. [If] the Yavam had relations with the minor and then had relations with the adult, or [if] his [other] brother had relations with the adult, he has disqualified the minor. Rabbi Elazar says: We instruct the minor to refuse him.

12 יב

יָבָם קָטָן שֶׁבָּא עַל יְבָמָה קְטַנָּה, יִגְדְּלוּ זֶה עִם זֶה. בָּא עַל יְבָמָה גְדוֹלָה, תְּגַדְּלֶנּוּ. הַיְבָמָה שֶׁאָמְרָה בְּתוֹךְ שְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם, לֹא נִבְעָלְתִּי, כּוֹפִין אוֹתוֹ שֶׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ. לְאַחַר שְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם, מְבַקְשִׁים הֵימֶנּוּ שְׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ. וּבִזְמַן שֶׁהוּא מוֹדֶה, אֲפִלּוּ לְאַחַר שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ כּוֹפִין אוֹתוֹ שֶׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ:

[If] a minor Yavam had relations with a minor Yevama [a woman whose husband died childless and whose brother-in-law must marry or dismiss her] they attain majority together. [If] he had relations with an adult Yevama she waits until he attains majority. [If] a Yevama said within thirty days [following Yibum], "I have not had relations" they compel him to undergo Chalitzah. [If she said so] after thirty days they ask him to undergo Chalitzah. Whenever he admits [that he has not had relations with her], even after twelve months, they compel him to undergo Chalitzah.

13 יג

הַנּוֹדֶרֶת הֲנָאָה מִיְבָמָהּ בְּחַיֵּי בַעְלָהּ, כּוֹפִין אוֹתוֹ שֶׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ. לְאַחַר מִיתַת בַּעְלָהּ, מְבַקְשִׁין הֵימֶנּוּ שֶׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ. וְאִם נִתְכַּוְּנָה לְכָךְ, אֲפִלּוּ בְחַיֵּי בַעְלָהּ, מְבַקְשִׁין הֵימֶנּוּ שֶׁיַּחֲלֹץ לָהּ:

[If] a woman vowed during her husband's lifetime against [receiving any] benefit from her Yavam [and the husband dies] they compel him to undergo Chalitzah. [If she made such a vow] after her husband's death - they ask him to undergo Chalitzah. And if she intended this [to avoid Chalitzah and vowed] even during her husband's lifetime, they ask him to undergo Chalitzah.