נוֹשְׂאִין עַל הָאֲנוּסָה וְעַל הַמְפֻתָּה. הָאוֹנֵס וְהַמְפַתֶּה עַל הַנְּשׂוּאָה, חַיָּב. נוֹשֵׂא אָדָם אֲנוּסַת אָבִיו וּמְפֻתַּת אָבִיו, אֲנוּסַת בְּנוֹ וּמְפֻתַּת בְּנוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹסֵר בַּאֲנוּסַת אָבִיו וּמְפֻתַּת אָבִיו: One may marry a relative, e.g., the sister or the mother, of the woman he raped and of the woman he seduced. However, one who rapes and one who seduces a relative of the woman who is married to him is liable to receive capital punishment or karet for engaging in prohibited sexual intercourse, depending on the particular family relationship. A man may marry a woman raped by his father, or a woman seduced by his father, or a woman raped by his son, or a woman seduced by his son. Rabbi Yehuda prohibits marriage in the case of a woman raped by his father or a woman seduced by his father.
הַגִּיּוֹרֶת שֶׁנִּתְגַּיְּרוּ בָנֶיהָ עִמָּהּ, לֹא חוֹלְצִין וְלֹא מְיַבְּמִין, אֲפִלּוּ הוֹרָתוֹ שֶׁל רִאשׁוֹן שֶׁלֹּא בִקְדֻשָּׁה וְלֵדָתוֹ בִקְדֻשָּׁה, וְהַשֵּׁנִי הוֹרָתוֹ וְלֵדָתוֹ בִקְדֻשָּׁה. וְכֵן שִׁפְחָה שֶׁנִּשְׁתַּחְרְרוּ בָנֶיהָ עִמָּהּ: With regard to a female convert whose sons converted with her, they do not perform ḥalitza for each other’s wives, and they do not perform levirate marriage with them, as their conversions are considered rebirth, and they are considered unrelated. This is so even if the conception of the first son was not in the sanctity of Israel, i.e., the mother had not yet converted when she conceived of him, but his birth was in the sanctity of Israel, as his mother had converted by the time she gave birth to him, whereas the second son was both conceived and born in sanctity. The first son is considered a convert, who is unrelated to his brother. And this halakha similarly applies to a maidservant whose sons were freed with her, as they too are not considered relatives.
חָמֵשׁ נָשִׁים שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבוּ וַלְדוֹתֵיהֶן, הִגְדִּילוּ הַתַּעֲרֹבוֹת וְנָשְׂאוּ נָשִׁים וּמֵתוּ, אַרְבָּעָה חוֹלְצִין לְאַחַת, וְאֶחָד מְיַבֵּם אוֹתָהּ. הוּא וּשְׁלשָׁה חוֹלְצִים לְאַחֶרֶת, וְאֶחָד מְיַבֵּם. נִמְצְאוּ אַרְבַּע חֲלִיצוֹת וְיִבּוּם לְכָל אַחַת וְאֶחָת: With regard to five women whose offspring were mixed, i.e., their lineage became indeterminate, and they had other sons as well who were not mixed, and the mixed sons matured and married women and subsequently died, then four sons who were not mixed, each one from a different mother, must perform ḥalitza with one of the widows, as she might be the sister-in-law of any of them. And one son of the mother whose sons did not perform ḥalitza may perform levirate marriage with her instead of ḥalitza; even if she is not his sister-in-law, once she has received ḥalitza from the others she may marry any man. Subsequently, he and three of the four other sons must perform ḥalitza with one of the remaining widows, and the other one may perform levirate marriage. When this process has been completed for all the widows, four ḥalitzot and a levirate marriage are found altogether for each and every widow.
הָאִשָּׁה שֶׁנִּתְעָרֵב וְלָדָהּ בִּוְלַד כַּלָּתָהּ, הִגְדִּילוּ הַתַּעֲרֹבוֹת, וְנָשְׂאוּ נָשִׁים, וּמֵתוּ, בְּנֵי הַכַּלָּה חוֹלְצִין וְלֹא מְיַבְּמִין, שֶׁהוּא סְפֵק אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו סְפֵק אֵשֶׁת אֲחִי אָבִיו. וּבְנֵי הַזְּקֵנָה, אוֹ חוֹלְצִין אוֹ מְיַבְּמִין, שֶׁהוּא סְפֵק אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו וְאֵשֶׁת בֶּן אָחִיו. מֵתוּ הַכְּשֵׁרִים, בְּנֵי הַתַּעֲרֹבוֹת לִבְנֵי הַזְּקֵנָה חוֹלְצִין וְלֹא מְיַבְּמִין, שֶׁהוּא סְפֵק אֵשֶׁת אָחִיו וְאֵשֶׁת אֲחִי אָבִיו, וּבְנֵי הַכַּלָּה, אֶחָד חוֹלֵץ וְאֶחָד מְיַבֵּם: With regard to a woman whose offspring was mixed with the offspring of her daughter-in-law, and their lineage was consequently indeterminate, and the mixed sons matured and married women, and subsequently they died, the certain sons of the daughter-in-law perform ḥalitza with the wives, but not levirate marriage, as with regard to each wife it is uncertain whether she is his brother’s wife, and therefore his yevama, and uncertain whether she is his father’s brother’s wife, who is forbidden to him. However, the certain sons of the elder woman, i.e., the mother-in-law, perform either ḥalitza or levirate marriage, as with regard to each wife it is uncertain whether she is his brother’s wife, in which case levirate marriage is valid, or his brother’s son’s wife, in which case she is permitted to him, after having performed ḥalitza with a son of the daughter-in-law. If the sons of certain, unflawed lineage were the ones who died, then the mixed sons perform ḥalitza with the widows of the elder woman’s sons but not levirate marriage, as it is uncertain whether she is his brother’s wife or his father’s brother’s wife. With the widows of the certain sons of the daughter-in-law, one of the mixed sons performs ḥalitza, in case she is his brother’s wife. And the other one performs levirate marriage, as even if she is his brother’s son’s wife, she is permitted to him.
כֹּהֶנֶת שֶׁנִּתְעָרֵב וְלָדָּהּ בִּוְלַד שִׁפְחָתָהּ, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ אוֹכְלִים בַּתְּרוּמָה, וְחוֹלְקִים חֵלֶק אֶחָד בַּגֹּרֶן, וְאֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין לְמֵתִים, וְאֵין נוֹשְׂאִין נָשִׁים, בֵּין כְּשֵׁרוֹת בֵּין פְּסוּלוֹת. הִגְדִּילוּ הַתַּעֲרֹבוֹת, וְשִׁחְרְרוּ זֶה אֶת זֶה, נוֹשְׂאִין נָשִׁים רְאוּיוֹת לַכְּהֻנָּה, וְאֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין לְמֵתִים. וְאִם נִטְמְאוּ, אֵינָן סוֹפְגִין אֶת הָאַרְבָּעִים. וְאֵינָן אוֹכְלִים בַּתְּרוּמָה. וְאִם אָכְלוּ, אֵינָן מְשַׁלְּמִין קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ. וְאֵינָן חוֹלְקִין עַל הַגֹּרֶן. וּמוֹכְרִין אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה, וְהַדָּמִים שֶׁלָּהֶם. וְאֵינָן חוֹלְקִים בְּקָדְשֵׁי הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, וְאֵין נוֹתְנִין לָהֶם קָדָשִׁים, וְאֵין מוֹצִיאִין שֶׁלָּהֶם מִיָּדָם, וּפְטוּרִין מִן הַזְּרֹעַ וּמִן הַלְּחָיַיִם וּמִן הַקֵּבָה, וּבְכוֹרוֹ יְהֵא רוֹעֶה עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֵב, וְנוֹתְנִין עָלָיו חֻמְרֵי כֹהֲנִים וְחֻמְרֵי יִשְׂרְאֵלִים: In the case of a priestess whose offspring was mixed with her maidservant’s offspring, they may partake of teruma, as both a priest and the slave of a priest partake of teruma. And they receive one share of teruma in the granary. And they may not become ritually impure with impurity imparted by a corpse, as each of them might be a priest. And they may not marry women, whether unflawed women, who may not marry a slave, or women unfit to marry into the priesthood, as with regard to each of them it is uncertain whether he is a priest or a slave. If the mixed sons matured and freed each other, they may marry women fit to marry into the priesthood, as a freed slave may marry such women. However, neither may marry a woman unfit for the priesthood, in case he is a priest. And they may not become ritually impure with impurity imparted by a corpse, since they are uncertain priests. However, if they became impure, they do not receive the forty lashes, as each of them might not be priest. And they may not partake of teruma, as one of them is not a priest. However, if they ate teruma unwittingly they do not pay the principal and the additional fifth, as each of them might be a priest. And they do not receive a share of teruma in the granary, as neither can prove that he is a priest. However, they may sell the teruma that they remove from their own produce, and although they may not eat it, the money is theirs. Since it cannot be proven with regard to either of them that he is not a priest, teruma cannot be appropriated from them. And they do not receive a share of the consecrated offerings of the Temple, as each of them might not be a priest. And one may not give them consecrated offerings to sacrifice for the same reason. However, the hides of their own offerings may not be appropriated from their possession, as it cannot be proven with regard to either of them that he is not a priest. And they are exempt from giving a priest the foreleg, and from giving him the jaw, and from giving him the maw of their non-consecrated kosher animals. And with regard to either of them, the firstling of his kosher animal should graze until it becomes unfit to be sacrificed, i.e., until it gets a blemish. It is against his interest to sacrifice the animal before it gets a blemish, thereby letting it be eaten by the priests. Once it gets a blemish, it cannot be appropriated from him. Since he is possibly a priest, he may claim that the animal is the property of a priest. The animal then becomes his private property, and he may eat it if he wishes. And in general, we place upon him both the stringencies of priests and the stringencies of Israelites.
מִי שֶׁלֹּא שָׁהֲתָה אַחַר בַּעְלָה שְׁלֹשָׁה חֳדָשִׁים וְנִשֵּׂאת, וְיָלְדָה, וְאֵין יָדוּעַ אִם בֶּן תִּשְׁעָה לָרִאשׁוֹן אִם בֶּן שִׁבְעָה לָאַחֲרוֹן. הָיוּ לָהּ בָּנִים מִן הָרִאשׁוֹן וּבָנִים מִן הַשֵּׁנִי, חוֹלְצִין וְלֹא מְיַבְּמִין. וְכֵן הוּא לָהֶם, חוֹלֵץ וְלֹא מְיַבֵּם. הָיוּ לוֹ אַחִים מִן הָרִאשׁוֹן וְאַחִים מִן הַשֵּׁנִי שֶׁלֹּא מֵאוֹתָהּ הָאֵם, הוּא חוֹלֵץ וּמְיַבֵּם, וְהֵם, אֶחָד חוֹלֵץ וְאֶחָד מְיַבֵּם: With regard to a woman who did not wait three months after separating from her husband, and remarried and gave birth to a son, and it is not known if he was born after nine months of pregnancy to the former husband or if he was born after seven months to the latter husband, if she had sons of certain patrilineage from the first husband and sons of certain patrilineage from the second one, and the son of uncertain patrilineage married and died childless, then the brothers from both husbands must perform ḥalitza with his wife, as they might be his paternal brothers. But they may not perform levirate marriage with her, in case he is only their maternal half brother, and his wife is forbidden to them. And similarly, with regard to him and their wives, if one of them dies childless, he performs ḥalitza and not levirate marriage. If he had half brothers from the first husband and half brothers from the second, not from the same mother but from the same father, he performs ḥalitza or levirate marriage with their widows. If he is indeed their paternal half brother, then the widows are his yevamot; if not, he may marry them like any other man. And similarly, with regard to them and his wife, one half brother from one father performs ḥalitza and one from the other father performs levirate marriage.
הָיָה אֶחָד יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶחָד כֹּהֵן, נוֹשֵׂא אִשָּׁה רְאוּיָה לְכֹהֵן, וְאֵינוֹ מִטַּמֵּא לְמֵתִים, וְאִם נִטְמָא, אֵינוֹ סוֹפֵג אֶת הָאַרְבָּעִים. וְאֵינוֹ אוֹכֵל בַּתְּרוּמָה, וְאִם אָכַל, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קֶרֶן וָחֹמֶשׁ. וְאֵינוֹ חוֹלֵק עַל הַגֹּרֶן. וּמוֹכֵר הַתְּרוּמָה, וְהַדָּמִים שֶׁלּוֹ. וְאֵינוֹ חוֹלֵק בְּקָדְשֵׁי הַמִּקְדָּשׁ, וְאֵין נוֹתְנִים לוֹ אֶת הַקָּדָשִׁים, וְאֵין מוֹצִיאִין אֶת שֶׁלּוֹ מִיָּדוֹ. וּפָטוּר מִן הַזְּרֹעַ וְהַלְּחָיַיִם וְהַקֵּבָה. וּבְכוֹרוֹ יְהֵא רוֹעֶה עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֵב. וְנוֹתְנִין עָלָיו חֻמְרֵי כֹהֲנִים וְחֻמְרֵי יִשְׂרְאֵלִים. הָיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם כֹּהֲנִים, הוּא אוֹנֵן עֲלֵיהֶם, וְהֵם אוֹנְנִים עָלָיו. הוּא אֵינוֹ מִטַּמֵּא לָהֶם, וְהֵם אֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין לוֹ. הוּא אֵינוֹ יוֹרֵשׁ אוֹתָן, אֲבָל הֵם יוֹרְשִׁין אוֹתוֹ. וּפָטוּר עַל מַכָּתוֹ וְעַל קִלְלָתוֹ שֶׁל זֶה וְשֶׁל זֶה, וְעוֹלֶה בְמִשְׁמָרוֹ שֶׁל זֶה וְשֶׁל זֶה, וְאֵינוֹ חוֹלֵק. אִם הָיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם בְּמִשְׁמָר אֶחָד, נוֹטֵל חֵלֶק אֶחָד: If one of his two uncertain fathers was an Israelite and one was a priest, he may marry only a woman fit to marry a priest, due to the possibility that he is a priest. And he may not become ritually impure with impurity imparted by a corpse because he might be a priest. But if he became impure, he does not receive the forty lashes, as he might be a non-priest. Likewise, he does not partake of teruma, in case he is a non-priest. However, if he ate teruma he does not pay the principal and the additional fifth, as he might be a priest. And he does not receive teruma at the granary. However, he may sell the teruma of his own produce and the money is his. It cannot be taken away from him due to the uncertainty with regard to his status. And he does not receive a share of the sacred of the consecrated offerings, and one may not give him the consecrated offerings to sacrifice. However, the hides of his own offerings may not be appropriated from his possession. And he is exempt from giving a priest the foreleg, and the jaw, and the maw of his non-consecrated animals. And the firstling of his animal should graze until it becomes unfit to be sacrificed because it gets a blemish. And in general, we place upon him the stringencies of priests and the stringencies of Israelites. If both uncertain fathers were priests, then if they die he is in a state of acute mourning over each of them, in case the deceased is his father. And if he dies, they are both in a state of acute mourning over him, as one of them is his father. He may not become ritually impure to bury them, as each one may not be his relative, and they may not become ritually impure to bury him for the same reason. He does not inherit from them, as the heirs of both husbands can reject his claims. However, they inherit from him if he has no sons and split his inheritance equally. And he is exempt from capital punishment for striking and for cursing both this father and that one. Although one who strikes or curses his father or mother is liable to receive the death penalty, he cannot be held liable, as it is unknown which of the men is his father. He must ascend to the Temple service with the priestly watch of this father and of that one, as he belongs to one of these watches and is obligated to serve with them. However, he does not receive a share of the portion of the offerings that gets eaten, as the members of each watch can claim that he is a member of the other watch. If both uncertain fathers were in one priestly watch, he receives one share, as he certainly belongs to that watch.