הַזּוֹרֵק טֻמְאָה מִמָּקוֹם לְמָקוֹם, כִּכָּר לְבֵין הַמַּפְתְּחוֹת, מַפְתֵּחַ לְבֵין הַכִּכָּרוֹת, טָהוֹר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, כִּכָּר לְבֵין הַמַּפְתְּחוֹת, טָמֵא. מַפְתֵּחַ לְבֵין הַכִּכָּרוֹת, טָהוֹר: One who throws an unclean object from one place to another: [for instance] a loaf among keys or a key among loaves, [that which was clean remains] clean. Rabbi Judah says: if a loaf was thrown among keys the former becomes unclean, but if a key was thrown among loaves the latter remain clean.
הַשֶּׁרֶץ בְּפִי הַחֻלְדָּה וּמְהַלֶּכֶת עַל גַּבֵּי כִכָּרוֹת שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, סָפֵק נָגַע סָפֵק לֹא נָגַע, סְפֵקוֹ טָהוֹר: A dead sheretz that was held in the mouth of a weasel that was passing over loaves of terumah and it is doubtful whether the sheret did or did not touch them, in such condition of doubt [the loaves] are clean.
הַשֶּׁרֶץ בְּפִי הַחֻלְדָּה, וְהַנְּבֵלָה בְּפִי הַכֶּלֶב, וְעָבְרוּ בֵין הַטְּהוֹרִים, אוֹ שֶׁעָבְרוּ טְהוֹרִים בֵּינֵיהֶן, סְפֵקָן טָהוֹר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין לַטֻּמְאָה מָקוֹם. הָיוּ מְנַקְּרִין בָּהֶן עַל הָאָרֶץ וְאָמַר, הָלַכְתִּי לַמָּקוֹם הַלָּז וְאֵינִי יוֹדֵעַ אִם נָגַעְתִּי אִם לֹא נָגַעְתִּי, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ לַטֻּמְאָה מָקוֹם: A weasel that had in its mouth a [dead] sheretz or a dog that had carrion in its mouth and they passed between clean [persons] or if clean persons passed between them, their condition of doubt is deemed clean, since the uncleanness , had no resting place. If they were picking at them while these lay on the ground, and a person stated, "I went to that place but I do not know whether I did or did not touch it," his condition of doubt is deemed unclean, since the uncleanness had a resting place.
כַּזַּיִת מִן הַמֵּת בְּפִי הָעוֹרֵב, סָפֵק הֶאֱהִיל עַל הָאָדָם וְעַל הַכֵּלִים בִּרְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד, סְפֵק אָדָם, טָמֵא, סְפֵק כֵּלִים, טָהוֹר. הַמְמַלֵּא בַעֲשָׂרָה דְלָיִים וְנִמְצָא שֶׁרֶץ בְּאַחַד מֵהֶן, הוּא טָמֵא וְכֻלָּן טְהוֹרִין. הַמְעָרֶה מִכְּלִי לִכְלִי וְנִמְצָא שֶׁרֶץ בַּתַּחְתּוֹן, הָעֶלְיוֹן טָהוֹר: An olive's bulk of corpse was held in a raven's mouth and it is doubtful whether it overshadowed a person or vessels in a private domain: The person's condition of doubt is deemed to be unclean But the vessels’ condition of doubt is deemed clean. One who drew water in ten buckets and a dead sheretz was found in one of them, it alone is deemed unclean but all the others remain clean. If one poured out from one vessel into another and a dead sheretz was found in the lower vessel, the upper one remains clean.
עַל שִׁשָּׁה סְפֵקוֹת שׂוֹרְפִין אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה. עַל סְפֵק בֵּית הַפְּרָס, וְעַל סְפֵק עָפָר הַבָּא מֵאֶרֶץ הָעַמִּים, עַל סְפֵק בִּגְדֵי עַם הָאָרֶץ, עַל סְפֵק כֵּלִים הַנִּמְצָאִין, עַל סְפֵק הָרֻקִּין הַנִּמְצָאִין, עַל סְפֵק מֵי רַגְלֵי אָדָם שֶׁהֵן כְּנֶגֶד מֵי רַגְלֵי בְהֵמָה. עַל וַדַּאי מַגָּעָן שֶׁהוּא סְפֵק טֻמְאָתָן, שׂוֹרְפִין אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אַף עַל סְפֵק מַגָּעָן בִּרְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, בִּרְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד, תּוֹלִין. וּבִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, טָהוֹר: On account of six doubtful cases of uncleanness terumah is burned: On account of the doubt of a bet ha-peras [grave area], On account of earth about which there is doubt whether it came from the land of the gentiles, On account of a doubt about the garments of an ‘am ha-arez; On account of a doubt about found vessels found by chance; On account of found spit, On account of a doubt about human urine that was near the urine of a beast. On account of a certainty of having touched these which causes the doubtful uncleanness, terumah is burned. Rabbi Yose says: also on account of their doubtful contact in a private domain; But the sages say: in a private domain the terumah is only held in suspense and in a public domain it is deemed clean.
שְׁנֵי רֻקִּין, אֶחָד טָמֵא וְאֶחָד טָהוֹר, תּוֹלִין עַל מַגָּעָן וְעַל מַשָּׂאָן וְעַל הֶסֵּטָן בִּרְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד, וְעַל מַגָּעָן בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים בִּזְמַן שֶׁהֵן לַחִין, וְעַל מַשָּׂאָן בֵּין לַחִין וּבֵין יְבֵשִׁין. הָיָה רֹק יְחִידִי וְנָגַע בּוֹ וּנְשָׂאוֹ וְהִסִּיטוֹ בִּרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, שׂוֹרְפִין עָלָיו אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה, וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר בִּרְשׁוּת הַיָּחִיד: Two kinds spittle, one of which was [possibly] unclean and the other was definitely clean: [Terumah] is to be held in suspense if [touched by one who] touched or carried or shifted [one of the two kinds of spittle] while they were in a private domain; Or who touched one of them in a public domain while it was still moist; Or who carried it whether it was moist or dry. If there was but one [kind of possibly] unclean spittle and a person touched, carried or shifted it in a public domain, terumah is burned on account of it; And one does not even need to say that this is the case if it was in a private domain.
אֵלּוּ סְפֵקוֹת שֶׁטִּהֲרוּ חֲכָמִים. סְפֵק מַיִם שְׁאוּבִים לַמִּקְוֶה. סְפֵק טֻמְאָה צָפָה עַל פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם. סְפֵק מַשְׁקִין, לִטָּמֵא, טָמֵא, וּלְטַמֵּא, טָהוֹר. סְפֵק יָדַיִם, לִטָּמֵא וּלְטַמֵּא וְלִטַּהֵר, טָהוֹר. סְפֵק רְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים. סְפֵק דִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים. סְפֵק הַחֻלִּין. סְפֵק שְׁרָצִים. סְפֵק נְגָעִים. סְפֵק נְזִירוּת. סְפֵק בְּכוֹרוֹת. וּסְפֵק קָרְבָּנוֹת: These are the cases of doubtful uncleanness that the sages declared to be clean:A doubt concerning drawn water for a mikveh, A doubt concerning an object of uncleanness that floated upon the water. A doubt concerning liquids as to whether they have contracted uncleanness it is deemed unclean, but if it was whether uncleanness has been conveyed it is deemed clean. A doubt concerning the hands as to whether they have contracted uncleanness, have conveyed uncleanness or have attained cleanness, they are deemed clean. A doubt that arose in a public domain; A doubt concerning an ordinance of the scribes; A doubt concerning non-sacred food; A doubt concerning a sheretz; A doubt concerning negaim; A doubt concerning a nazirite vow; A doubt concerning a first-born; A doubt concerning sacrifices.
סְפֵק טֻמְאָה צָפָה עַל פְּנֵי הַמַּיִם, בֵּין בַּכֵּלִים בֵּין בַּקַּרְקַע. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, בַּכֵּלִים, טָמֵא. וּבַקַּרְקַע, טָהוֹר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, סְפֵק יְרִידָתוֹ, טָמֵא. וּסְפֵק עֲלִיָּתוֹ, טָהוֹר. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ אֵין שָׁם אֶלָּא מְלֹא אָדָם וְטֻמְאָה, טָהוֹר: "A doubt concerning an object of uncleanness that floated upon water:" [It is clean] whether the water was in vessels or in the ground. Rabbi Shimon says: if in vessels he is deemed unclean but if in the ground he is deemed clean. Rabbi Judah says: if the doubt arose when the man went down into the water he is deemed unclean, but if when he came up he is deemed clean. Rabbi Yose says: even if there is only enough room for a man and the uncleanness the former remains clean.
סְפֵק מַשְׁקִין לִטָּמֵא, טָמֵא. כֵּיצַד. טָמֵא שֶׁפָּשַׁט אֶת רַגְלוֹ לְבֵין מַשְׁקִין טְהוֹרִין, סָפֵק נָגַע סָפֵק לֹא נָגַע, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא. הָיְתָה כִכָּר טְמֵאָה בְּיָדוֹ וּזְרָקָהּ לְבֵין מַשְׁקִין טְהוֹרִין, סָפֵק נָגַע סָפֵק לֹא נָגַע, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא. וּלְטַמֵּא, טָהוֹר. כֵּיצַד. הָיְתָה מַקֵּל בְּיָדוֹ וּבְרֹאשָׁהּ מַשְׁקִין טְמֵאִין וּזְרָקָהּ לְבֵין כִּכָּרוֹת טְהוֹרִין, סָפֵק נָגַע סָפֵק לֹא נָגַע, סְפֵקוֹ טָהוֹר: "In the case of a doubt concerning liquids as to whether they have contracted uncleanness it is deemed unclean:" How so? If an unclean person stretched his foot between clean liquids and there is doubt whether he touched them or not, such a condition of doubt is deemed to be unclean. If a man had an unclean loaf in his hand and he stretched it out between clean liquids, and there is doubt whether it touched them or not, such a condition of doubt is deemed to be unclean. "But if it was whether uncleanness has been conveyed, it is deemed clean." How so? If a man had in his hand a stick on the end of which there was an unclean liquid and he threw it among clean loaves and there is doubt whether it touched them or not, such a condition of doubt is deemed clean.
רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, סְפֵק מַשְׁקִין, לְאֳכָלִים, טָמֵא, וּלְכֵלִים, טָהוֹר. כֵּיצַד. שְׁתֵּי חָבִיּוֹת, אַחַת טְמֵאָה וְאַחַת טְהוֹרָה, וְעָשָׂה עִסָּה מֵאַחַת מֵהֶן, סָפֵק מִן הַטְּמֵאָה עָשָׂה, סָפֵק מִן הַטְּהוֹרָה עָשָׂה, זֶה הוּא סְפֵק מַשְׁקִין לְאֳכָלִין טָמֵא וּלְכֵלִים טָהוֹר: Rabbi Yose says: a condition of doubt in the case of liquids is deemed unclean in respect of food and clean in respect of vessels. How so? If there were two jars, the one unclean and the other clean, and he made dough with the contents of one of them and a doubt arose as to whether he prepared it with the contents of the unclean, or of the clean one, such is "a condition of doubt in the case of liquids [which] is deemed unclean in respect of food and clean in respect of vessels."
סְפֵק יָדַיִם לִטָּמֵא וּלְטַמֵּא וְלִטָּהֵר, טָהוֹר. סְפֵק רְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים, טָהוֹר. סְפֵק דִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים, אָכַל אֳכָלִים טְמֵאִים, שָׁתָה מַשְׁקִים טְמֵאִים, בָּא רֹאשׁוֹ וְרֻבּוֹ בְמַיִם שְׁאוּבִין, אוֹ שֶׁנָּפְלוּ עַל רֹאשׁוֹ וְרֻבּוֹ שְׁלשָׁה לֻגִּין מַיִם שְׁאוּבִים, סְפֵקוֹ טָהוֹר. אֲבָל דָּבָר שֶׁהוּא אַב הַטֻּמְאָה וְהוּא מִדִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא: "If there is doubt concerning the hands as to whether they have contracted uncleanness, have conveyed uncleanness or have attained cleanness, they are deemed clean." "Any doubt that arose in a public domain is deemed clean. "A condition of doubt concerning an ordinance of the scribes": [For instance, he is uncertain whether] he ate unclean food or drank unclean liquids, whether he immersed his head and the greater part of his body in drawn water, or whether there fell on his head and the greater part of his body three log of drawn water, such a condition of doubt is deemed clean. But if a condition of doubt arose concerning a father of uncleanness even though it was only rabbinical, it is deemed unclean.
סְפֵק הַחֻלִּין, זוֹ טָהֳרַת פְּרִישׁוּת. סְפֵק שְׁרָצִים, כִּשְׁעַת מְצִיאָתָן. סְפֵק נְגָעִים, בַּתְּחִלָּה טָהוֹר, עַד שֶׁלֹּא נִזְקַק לַטֻּמְאָה. מִשֶּׁנִּזְקַק לַטֻּמְאָה, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא. סְפֵק נְזִירוּת, מֻתָּר. סְפֵק בְּכוֹרוֹת, אֶחָד בְּכוֹרֵי אָדָם וְאֶחָד בְּכוֹרֵי בְהֵמָה, בֵּין טְמֵאָה בֵּין טְהוֹרָה, שֶׁהַמּוֹצִיא מֵחֲבֵרוֹ עָלָיו הָרְאָיָה: "A condition of doubt concerning non-sacred food"--this refers to the cleanness practiced by Pharisees. "A condition of doubt concerning a sheretz" –according [to their condition at] the time they are found. "A condition of doubt concerning negaim" it is deemed clean in the beginning before it had been determined to be unclean, but after it had been determined to be unclean, a condition of doubt is deemed unclean. "A condition of doubt concerning a nazirite vow" [in such a condition of doubt he] is permitted [all that is forbidden to a nazirite]. "A condition of doubt concerning first-borns" whether they are human firstborn or firstborn of cattle, whether the firstborn of an unclean beast or a clean one, for the one who wishes to extract from his fellow bears the burden of proof.
סְפֵק קָרְבָּנוֹת, הָאִשָּׁה שֶׁיֵּשׁ עָלֶיהָ סְפֵק חָמֵשׁ לֵידוֹת וּסְפֵק חָמֵשׁ זִיבוֹת, מְבִיאָה קָרְבָּן אֶחָד, וְאוֹכֶלֶת בַּזְּבָחִים, וְאֵין הַשְּׁאָר עָלֶיהָ חוֹבָה: "And a condition of doubt concerning sacrifices" if a woman has experienced five doubtful cases of miscarriage or five discharges of doubtful zivah she brings only one sacrifice and may then eat other sacrifices, she being under no obligation to bring the remainder.